Vol.64, No.1, 2020, pp.81-96, doi:10.32604/cmc.2020.08851
OPEN ACCESS
ARTICLE
Stabilizing Energy Consumption in Unequal Clusters of Wireless Sensor Networks
  • Nithya Rekha Sivakumar1, *
1 Department of Computer Sciences, College of Computer and Information Sciences, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, 11671, Saudi Arabia.
* Corresponding Author: Nithya Rekha Sivakumar. Email: NRRaveendiran@pnu.edu.sa; rekhasiva24@gmail.com.
Received 17 October 2019; Accepted 13 March 2020; Issue published 20 May 2020
Abstract
In the past few decades, Energy Efficiency (EE) has been a significant challenge in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). WSN requires reduced transmission delay and higher throughput with high quality services, it further pays much attention in increased energy consumption to improve the network lifetime. To collect and transmit data Clustering based routing algorithm is considered as an effective way. Cluster Head (CH) acts as an essential role in network connectivity and perform data transmission and data aggregation, where the energy consumption is superior to non-CH nodes. Conventional clustering approaches attempts to cluster nodes of same size. Moreover, owing to randomly distributed node distribution, a cluster with equal nodes is not an obvious possibility to reduce the energy consumption. To resolve this issue, this paper provides a novel, Balanced-Imbalanced Cluster Algorithm (B-IBCA) with a Stabilized Boltzmann Approach (SBA) that attempts to balance the energy dissipation across uneven clusters in WSNs. BIBCA utilizes stabilizing logic to maintain the consistency of energy consumption among sensor nodes’. So as to handle the changing topological characteristics of sensor nodes, this stability based Boltzmann estimation algorithm allocates proper radius amongst the sensor nodes. The simulation shows that the proposed B-IBCA outperforms effectually over other approaches in terms of energy efficiency, lifetime, network stability, average residual energy and so on.
Keywords
WSN, stability, cluster head, node balancing, average residual energy.
Cite This Article
Sivakumar, N. R. (2020). Stabilizing Energy Consumption in Unequal Clusters of Wireless Sensor Networks. CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, 64(1), 81–96.