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  • A Local Sparse Screening Identification Algorithm with Applications
  • Abstract Extracting nonlinear governing equations from noisy data is a central challenge in the analysis of complicated nonlinear behaviors. Despite researchers follow the sparse identification nonlinear dynamics algorithm (SINDy) rule to restore nonlinear equations, there also exist obstacles. One is the excessive dependence on empirical parameters, which increases the difficulty of data pre-processing. Another one is the coexistence of multiple coefficient vectors, which causes the optimal solution to be drowned in multiple solutions. The third one is the composition of basic function, which is exclusively applicable to specific equations. In this article, a local sparse screening identification algorithm (LSSI) is proposed…
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  • Enhancing Embedding-Based Chinese Word Similarity Evaluation with Concepts and Synonyms Knowledge
  • Abstract Word similarity (WS) is a fundamental and critical task in natural language processing. Existing approaches to WS are mainly to calculate the similarity or relatedness of word pairs based on word embedding obtained by massive and high-quality corpus. However, it may suffer from poor performance for insuf- ficient corpus in some specific fields, and cannot capture rich semantic and sentimental information. To address these above problems, we propose an enhancing embedding-based word similarity evaluation with character-word concepts and synonyms knowledge, namely EWS-CS model, which can provide extra semantic information to enhance word similarity evaluation. The core of our approach contains…
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  •   Views:210       Downloads:168        Download PDF
  • Image Information Hiding Method Based on Image Compression and Deep Neural Network
  • Abstract Image steganography is a technique that hides secret information into the cover image to protect information security. The current image steganography is mainly to embed a smaller secret image in an area such as a texture of a larger-sized cover image, which will cause the size of the secret image to be much smaller than the cover image. Therefore, the problem of small steganographic capacity needs to be solved urgently. This paper proposes a steganography framework that combines image compression. In this framework, the Vector Quantized Variational AutoEncoder (VQ-VAE) is used to achieve the compression of the secret image. The…
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  •   Views:568       Downloads:273        Download PDF
  • A New Finite Element Model with Manufactured Error for Additive Manufacturing
  • Abstract Additive manufacturing (AM), adding materials layer by layer, can be used to produce objects of almost any shape or geometry. However, AM techniques cannot accurately build parts with large overhangs, especially for the large features close to horizontal, hanging over the void. The overhangs will make the manufactured model deviate from the design model, which will result in the performance of the manufactured model that cannot satisfy the design requirements. In this paper, we will propose a new finite element (FE) analysis model that includes the manufacturing errors by mimicking the AM layer by layer construction process. In such FE…
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  •   Views:194       Downloads:166        Download PDF
  • Effect of Absorption of Patch Antenna Signals on Increasing the Head Temperature
  • Abstract Every new generation of antennas is characterized by increased accuracy and faster transmission speeds. However, patch antennas have been known to damage human health. This type of antenna sends out electromagnetic waves that increase the temperature of the human head and prevent nerve strands from functioning properly. This paper examines the effect of the communication between the patch antenna and the brain on the head’s temperature by developing a hypothetical multi-input model that achieves more accurate results. These inputs are an individual’s blood and tissue, and the emission power of the antenna. These forces depend on the permeability and conductivity…
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  •   Views:374       Downloads:203        Download PDF
  • Fractional-Order Model for Multi-Drug Antimicrobial Resistance
  • Abstract Drug resistance is one of the most serious phenomena in financial, economic and medical terms. The present paper proposes and investigates a simple mathematical fractional-order model for the phenomenon of multi-drug antimicrobial resistance. The model describes the dynamics of the susceptible and three kinds of infected populations. The first class of the infected society responds to the first antimicrobial drug but resists to the second one. The second infected individuals react to the second antimicrobial drug but resist to the first one. The third class shows resistance to both of the two drugs. We formulate the model and associate it…
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  •   Views:335       Downloads:203        Download PDF
  • Investigation of Granite Deformation Process under Axial Load Using LSTM-Based Architectures
  • Abstract Granite is generally composed of quartz, biotite, feldspar, and cracks. The changes in digital parameters of these compositions reflect the detail of the deformation process of the rock. Therefore, the estimation of the changes in digital parameters of the compositions is much helpful to understand the deformation and failure stages of the rock. In the current study, after dividing the frames in the video images photographed during the axial compression test into four parts (or, the upper left, upper right, lower left, and lower right ones), the digital parameters of various compositions in each part were then extracted. Using these…
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  •   Views:155       Downloads:153        Download PDF
  • A High-Accuracy Single Patch Representation of Multi-Patch Geometries with Applications to Isogeometric Analysis
  • Abstract This paper presents a novel approximating method to construct highprecision single-patch representation of B-spline surface from a multi-patch representation for isogeometric applications. In isogeometric analysis, multi-patch structure is not easy to achieve high continuity between neighboring patches which will reduce the advantage of isogeometric analysis in a sense. The proposed method can achieve high continuity at surface stitching region with low geometric error, and this technique exploits constructing the approximate surface with several control points are from original surfaces, which guarantees the local feature of the surface can be well-preserved with high precision. With the proposed approximating method, isogeometric analysis…
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  • Analysis-Aware Modelling of Spacial Curve for Isogeometric Analysis of Timoshenko Beam
  • Abstract Geometric fitting based on discrete points to establish curve structures is an important problem in numerical modeling. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the geometric fitting method for curved beam structure from points, and to get high-quality parametric model for isogeometric analysis. A Timoshenko beam element is established for an initially curved spacial beam with arbitrary curvature. The approximation and interpolation methods to get parametric models of curves from given points are examined, and three strategies of parameterization, meaning the equally spaced method, the chord length method and the centripetal method are considered. The influences of the different…
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  •   Views:169       Downloads:145        Download PDF
  • Resolving Domain Integral Issues in Isogeometric Boundary Element Methods via Radial Integration: A Study of Thermoelastic Analysis
  • Abstract The paper applied the isogeometric boundary element method (IGABEM) to thermoelastic problems. The Non-Uniform Rational B-splines (NURBS) used to construct geometric models are employed to discretize the boundary integral formulation of the governing equation. Due to the existence of thermal stress, the domain integral term appears in the boundary integral equation. We resolve this problem by incorporating radial integration method into IGABEM which converts the domain integral to the boundary integral. In this way, IGABEM can maintain its advantages in dimensionality reduction and more importantly, seamless integration of CAD and numerical analysis based on boundary representation. The algorithm is verified…
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  •   Views:206       Downloads:144        Download PDF
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