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  • Synthesis and Thermal Characterization of Polyurethanes Obtained from Cottonseed and Corn Oil-Based Polyols
  • Abstract The use of vegetable oils to replace fossil feedstock has become an area of opportunity and a priority for study in the field of polymer science. Vegetable oils are considered as renewable resources with high potential, low cost and full availability. The aim of this study is the synthesis of biobased polyols from cottonseed oil (Gossypium barbadanse) and corn oil (Zea mays) as feedstock. Their synthesis was successfully performed, as can be concluded from the determination of their hydroxyl index as well as the structural and thermal characterization carried out in this work. Polyurethanes from biobased polyols were synthesized with…
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  • Valorization of Agricultural Wastes for the Production of Protein-Based Biopolymers
  • Abstract In this study we provide an overview of the latest developments on the extraction, production, modification and applications of fruit residues and by-products in the formation of protein-based biopolymers, in particular for the formulation of edible films. Our aim was mainly to demonstrate the highly transdisciplinary character of these topics by giving an overview of the main developments and research topics in the chemistry and engineering aspects of protein-based biopolymers. These innovative raw materials have been evaluated for the production of biomaterials to be used in some key sectors, such as food packaging.
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  • Editorial
  • Abstract The articles included in this Special Issue of the Journal of Renewable Materials are a selection of those presented at the 5th International Conference on Biobased and Biodegradable Polymers (BIOPOL-2015) that was held in Donostia-San Sebastián, Spain, in October 2015.
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  • Synthesis of Cadmium Sulfi de Quantum Dots with Simultaneous Desulfurization of Kerosene Oil
  • Abstract Cadmium sulfi de (CdS) quantum dots (QDs) were synthesized by a standard hydrothermal method with simultaneous desulfurization of kerosene oil. Sulfur containing kerosene oil was treated with cadmium chloride (CdCl2) in the presence of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) at 120 °C for 1.5 to 5 h. CdS was formed and sulfur content of oil gradually decreased. Thus, desulfurization of the oil occurred with the formation of the CdS QDs. The concentration of sulfur decreased to a minimum of 0.055% after 5 h of the reaction. In addition, the particle size of QDs increased from 5.4 nm to 8.1 nm as the…
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  • Investigation of CNSL-Based Hybrid Sol in Conventional Polymeric Material
  • Abstract The performance properties of conventional polymeric material have been investigated by modifying it with cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL) derived hybrid precursor. The synthesis of hybrid material involved formation of maleic anhydride adduct of CNSL followed by silane modifi cation and subsequent hydrolysis and condensation with tetra ethyl orthosilicate. The developed hybrid material was characterized by a number of instrumental techniques like FT-IR, 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR, as reported in our earlier work. In the present work, we have investigated the effect of CNSL-based hybrid material on the performance properties of conventional alkyd-melamine formaldehyde-based stoving system. The synthesized material was used…
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  • Mineralization of Poly(lactic acid) (PLA), Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-valerate) (PHBV) and PLA/PHBV Blend in Compost and Soil Environments
  • Abstract The present study investigates the mineralization of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-covalerate) (PHBV), and PLA/PHBV blend in compost and soil burial environments. The mineralization was assayed on the basis of carbon dioxide (CO2) release from the test materials incubated in compost and soil for a period of 200 days. The degradation was followed by means of fragmentation, thermogravimetric (TGA), FTIR spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analyses. The results showed that PLA, PHBV and blend of PLA/PHBV achieved almost 90% biodegradation under composting conditions, while PHBV, PLA/PHBV blend and PLA respectively achieved only 35%, 32% and 4% biodegradation under soil…
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  • Poly(3-Hydroxybutyrate-co-3-Hydroxyvalerate)/ Purifi ed Cellulose Fiber Composites by Melt Blending: Characterization and Degradation in Composting Conditions
  • Abstract Novel biodegradable composites based on poly(3-hydroxybutirate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) and different contents of purifi ed alpha-cellulose fi bers (3, 10, 25 and 45%) were prepared by melt blending and characterized. The composites were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), wide-angle X-ray scattering (WAXS) experiments, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), dynamic mechanic analysis (DMA) and Shore D hardness measurements. Disintegrability under composting conditions was studied according to the ISO 20200 standard. Morphological results showed that high dispersion of the fi bers was achieved during mixing. Good adhesion on the fi ber-matrix interface was also detected by SEM. The addition of low…
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  • Effect of Epoxidized Jatropha Oil on the Cure, Thermal, Morphological and Viscoelastic Properties of Epoxy Resins
  • Abstract This article reports the effect of epoxidized jatropha oil (EJO) on the thermal, cure and viscoelastic properties of epoxy resins. Epoxidized jatropha oil with an oxirane value of 5.0 was prepared and epoxy formulations containing different concentrations of EJO were evaluated for cure, morphology, thermal and viscoelastic properties. The curing temperature of the formulations increased with increasing EJO content. The glass transition temperature of the cured films decreased from 56 °C for unmodified epoxy resin to 23 °C for the sample with 60 wt% EJO reactive diluent, suggesting good plasticizing action. The thermal decomposition was only marginally affected.
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  • Natural Fiber-Polypropylene Composites Made from Caranday Palm
  • Abstract Composites made from polypropylene (PP) and local South American fibers traditionally used in yarnderived craftsmanships, Caranday Palm, were studied regarding the effect of fiber addition, concentration and characteristics of the coupling agent (molecular weight and percentage of grafted maleic anhydride), as well as type of processing. A laboratory-scale intensive mixing followed by compression, and pilot plant twin extrusion followed by injection, were the two processes investigated. The use of the first one allowed the selection of processable formulations with high fiber concentration and a percentage of coupling agent below the surface fiber saturation. In fact, it was found that there…
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  • Mechanical and Thermal Properties of High-Density Rigid Polyurethane Foams from Renewable Resources
  • Abstract The most common sustainable solution for polyurethane (PU) materials is their production using renewable resources. Polyols derived from biomass and recycled polymers are the most promising way to do that. This study compares five different sustainable polyols as a possible raw material for production of highdensity rigid PU foams for automotive application. The goal of our study was to show that biobased polyols are a suitable replacement for polyols derived from petrochemical products. The influence of the chemical structure of polyols on the PU polymer matrix and foam properties was investigated. Two sources of PU raw material feedstock were studied:…
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Displaying 341-350 on page 35 of 362. Per Page