TY - EJOU
AU - Da, Meng
AU - Wang, Huiqin
AU - Wang, Ke
AU - Wang, Zhan
TI - Spectral Matching Classification Method of Multi-State Similar Pigments Based on Feature Differences
T2 - Computer Modeling in Engineering \& Sciences
PY - 2022
VL - 131
IS - 1
SN - 1526-1506
AB - The properties of the same pigments in murals are affected by different concentrations and particle diameters, which cause the shape of the spectral reflectance data curve to vary, thus influencing the outcome of matching calculations. This paper proposes a spectral matching classification method of multi-state similar pigments based on feature differences. Fast principal component analysis (FPCA) was used to calculate the eigenvalue variance of pigment spectral reflectance, then applied to the original reflectance values for parameter characterization. We first projected the original spectral reflectance from the spectral space to the characteristic variance space to identify the spectral curve. Secondly, the relative distance between the eigenvalues in the eigen variance space is combined with the JS (Jensen-Shannon) divergence to express the difference between the two spectral distributions. The JS information divergence calculates the relative distance between the eigenvalues. Experimental results show that our classification method can be used to identify the spectral curves of the same pigment under different states. The value of the root means square error (RMSE) decreased by 12.0817, while the mean values of the mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) and R2 increased by 0.0965 and 0.2849, respectively. Compared with the traditional spectral matching algorithm, the recognition error was effectively reduced.
KW - Fast principal component analysis; paint samples; reflectivity; information divergence; feature variance
DO - 10.32604/cmes.2022.019040