TY - EJOU AU - Corcino, Cristina B. AU - Jr., Wilson D. Castañeda AU - Corcino, Roberto B. TI - Asymptotic Approximations of Apostol-Tangent Polynomials in Terms of Hyperbolic Functions T2 - Computer Modeling in Engineering \& Sciences PY - 2022 VL - 132 IS - 1 SN - 1526-1506 AB - The tangent polynomials Tn (z) are generalization of tangent numbers or the Euler zigzag numbers Tn. In particular, Tn (0) = Tn. These polynomials are closely related to Bernoulli, Euler and Genocchi polynomials. One of the extensions and analogues of special polynomials that attract the attention of several mathematicians is the Apostoltype polynomials. One of these Apostol-type polynomials is the Apostol-tangent polynomials Tn(z, λ). When λ = 1, Tn (z, 1) = Tn(z). The use of hyperbolic functions to derive asymptotic approximations of polynomials together with saddle point method was applied to the Bernoulli and Euler polynomials by Lopez and Temme. The same method was applied to the Genocchi polynomials by Corcino et al. The essential steps in applying the method are (1) to obtain the integral representation of the polynomials under study using their exponential generating functions and the Cauchy integral formula, and (2) to apply the saddle point method. It is found out that the method is applicable to Apostol-tangent polynomials. As a result, asymptotic approximation of Apostol-tangent polynomials in terms of hyperbolic functions are derived for large values of the parameter n and uniform approximation with enlarged region of validity are also obtained. Moreover, higher-order Apostol-tangent polynomials are introduced. Using the same method, asymptotic approximation of higher-order Apostol-tangent polynomials in terms of hyperbolic functions are derived and uniform approximation with enlarged region of validity are also obtained. It is important to note that the consideration of Apostol-type polynomials and higher order Apostoltype polynomials were not done by Lopez and Temme. This part is first done in this paper. The accuracy of the approximations are illustrated by plotting the graphs of the exact values of the Apostol-tangent and higher-order Apostol-tangent polynomials and their corresponding approximate values for specific values of the parameters n, λ and m. KW - Apostol-tangent polynomials; tangent polynomials; Genocchi polynomials; Hermite polynomials; asymptotic approximation DO - 10.32604/cmes.2022.019965