TY - EJOU
AU - Hou, Enran
AU - Nazir, Umar
AU - Naz, Samaira
AU - Sohail, Muhammad
AU - Nadeem, Muhammad
AU - Lee, Jung Rye
AU - Park, Choonkil
AU - Galal, Ahmed M.
TI - Novel Analysis of Two Kinds Hybrid Models in Ferro Martial Inserting Variable Lorentz Force Past a Heated Disk: An Implementation of Finite Element Method
T2 - Computer Modeling in Engineering \& Sciences
PY - 2023
VL - 135
IS - 2
SN - 1526-1506
AB - In this article, the rheology of Ferro-fluid over an axisymmetric heated disc with a variable magnetic field by considering the dispersion of hybrid nanoparticles is considered. The flow is assumed to be produced by the stretching of a rotating heated disc. The contribution of variable thermophysical properties is taken to explore the momentum, mass and thermal transportation. The concept of boundary layer mechanism is engaged to reduce the complex problem into a simpler one in the form of coupled partial differential equations system. The complex coupled PDEs are converted into highly nonlinear coupled ordinary differential equations system (ODEs) and the resulting nonlinear flow problem is handled numerically. The solution is obtained via finite element procedure (FEP) and convergence is established by conducting the grid-independent survey. The solution of converted dimensionless problem containing fluid velocity, temperature and concentration field is plotted against numerous involved emerging parameters and their impact is noted. From the obtained solution, it is monitored that higher values of magnetic parameter retard the fluid flow and escalating values of Eckert number results in to enhance temperature profile. Ferro-fluid flow and heat energy for the case of the Yamada Ota hybrid model are higher than for the case of the Hamilton Crosser hybrid model. Developing a model is applicable to the printing process, electronic devices, temperature measurements, engineering process and food-making process. The amount of mass species is reduced *vs.* incline impacts of chemical reaction and Schmidt parameter.
KW - Ferro-fluid; non-constant magnetic field; heated disc; thermal properties of nanoparticles; hybrid correlations among nanoparticles
DO - 10.32604/cmes.2022.022500