TY - EJOU
AU - Kosec, Gregor
AU - Založnik, Miha
AU - Šarler, Božidar
AU - Combeau, Hervé
TI - A Meshless Approach Towards Solution of Macrosegregation Phenomena
T2 - Computers, Materials \& Continua
PY - 2011
VL - 22
IS - 2
SN - 1546-2226
AB - The simulation of macrosegregation as a consequence of solidification of a binary Al-4.5%Cu alloy in a 2-dimensional rectangular enclosure is tackled in the present paper. Coupled volume-averaged governing equations for mass, energy, momentum and species transfer are considered. The phase properties are resolved from the Lever solidification rule, the mushy zone is modeled by the Darcy law and the liquid phase is assumed to behave like an incompressible Newtonian fluid. Double diffusive effects in the melt are modeled by the thermal and solutal Boussinesq hypothesis. The physical model is solved by the novel Local Radial Basis Function Collocation Method (LRBFCM). The involved physical relevant fields are represented on overlapping 5-noded sub-domains through collocation by using multiquadrics Radial Basis Functions (RBF). The involved first and second derivatives of the fields are calculated from the respective derivatives of the RBFs. The fields are solved through explicit time stepping. The pressure-velocity coupling is calculated through a local pressure correction scheme. The evolution of the solidification process is presented through temperature, velocity, liquid fraction and species concentration histories in four sampling points. The fully solidified state is analyzed through final macrosegregation map in three vertical and three horizontal cross-sections. The results are compared with the classical Finite Volume Method (FVM). A surprisingly good agreement of the numerical solution of both methods is shown and therefore the results can be used as a reference for future verification studies. The advantages of the represented meshless approach are its simplicity, accuracy, similar coding in 2D and 3D, and straightforward applicability in non-uniform node arrangements. The paper probably for the first time shows an application of a meshless method in such a highly non-linear and multi-physics problem.
KW - Solidification
KW - binary alloy
KW - macrosegregation
KW - convective-diffusive problems
KW - meshless method
KW - local radial basis function collocation method
KW - finite volume method
DO - 10.3970/cmc.2011.022.169