TY - EJOU
AU - Han, Yuxia
AU - Wang, Jianwen
AU - Li, Xin
AU - Dong, Xueqing
AU - Wen, Caifeng
TI - The Effects of Turbulence Intensity and Tip Speed Ratio on the Coherent Structure of Horizontal-Axis Wind Turbine Wake: A Wind Tunnel Experiment
T2 - Energy Engineering
PY - 2022
VL - 119
IS - 6
SN - 1546-0118
AB - The evolution laws of the large-eddy coherent structure of the wind turbine wake have been evaluated via wind tunnel experiments under uniform and turbulent inflow conditions. The spatial correlation coefficients, the turbulence integral scales and power spectrum are obtained at different tip speed ratios (TSRs) based on the time-resolved particle image velocity (TR-PIV) technique. The results indicate that the large-eddy coherent structures are more likely to dissipate with an increase in turbulence intensity and TSR. Furthermore, the spatial correlation of the longitudinal pulsation velocity is greater than its axial counterpart, resulting into a wake turbulence dominated by the longitudinal pulsation. With an increase of turbulence intensity, the integral scale of the axial turbulence increases, meanwhile, its longitudinal counterpart decreases. Owing to an increase in TSR, the integral scale of axial turbulence decreases, whereas, that of the longitudinal turbulence increases. By analyzing the wake power spectrum, it is found that the turbulent pulsation kinetic energy of the wake structure is mainly concentrated in the low-frequency vortex region. The dissipation rate of turbulent kinetic energy increases with an increase of turbulence intensity and the turbulence is transported and dissipated on a smaller scale vortex, thus promoting the recovery of wake.
KW - Horizontal axis wind turbine; coherent structure; turbulence integral scale; TR-PIV; spatial correlation
DO - 10.32604/ee.2022.020858