FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing

About the Journal

The Journal is intended to cover some "frontier" aspects of materials science and, in particular, the most modern and advanced processes for the production of inorganic (semiconductors and metal alloys), organic (protein crystals) materials and "living" (in vitro) biological tissues, with emphasis on the fluid-dynamic conditions under which they are operated. The Journal focuses on the final properties of these materials as well as on fluid-mechanical aspects pertaining to the technological processes used to grow them. Some attention is devoted as well to all those problems of “structure/fluid” interaction that have extensive background applications in important fields such as marine, aeronautical and aerospace engineering.

Indexing and Abstracting

Emerging Source Citation Index (Web of Science) (ESCI 2016); Scopus Citescore (Impact per Publication 2018): 0.35; SNIP (Source Normalized Impact per Paper 2018): 0.158; Engineering Index (Compendex); Thomson Reuters (Clarivate Analytics) Master Journal List; Web of Science Core Collection; Applied Mechanics Reviews; Cambridge Scientific Abstracts: Aerospace and High Technology, Materials Sciences & Engineering, and Computer & Information Systems Abstracts Database; INSPEC Databases; Mechanics; Science Navigator; Zentralblatt fur Mathematik; Portico, etc...

  • A Water-Heat-Force Coupled Framework for the Preparation of Soils for Application in Frozen Soil Model Test
  • Abstract The freezing of soil containing a liquid is a complex transient heat conduction problem involving phase change and release or absorption of latent heat. Existing efforts have essentially focused on theoretical research and numerical simulations. In the present study, the problem is approached from an experimental point of view using the so-called “freezing model test” method. In particular, in order to establish a precise relationship between the model and the prototype, a temperature similarity criterion is derived using the condition of an equal number of Kosovitch. Similarity is also established with respect to other aspects. A similarity criterion for the… More
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  • On the Efficiency of a CFD-Based Full Convolution Neural Network for the Post-Processing of Field Data
  • Abstract The present study aims to improve the efficiency of typical procedures used for post-processing flow field data by applying a neural-network technology. Assuming a problem of aircraft design as the workhorse, a regression calculation model for processing the flow data of a FCN-VGG19 aircraft is elaborated based on VGGNet (Visual Geometry Group Net) and FCN (Fully Convolutional Network) techniques. As shown by the results, the model displays a strong fitting ability, and there is almost no over-fitting in training. Moreover, the model has good accuracy and convergence. For different input data and different grids, the model basically achieves convergence, showing… More
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  • Design and Optimization of a Hybrid Energy System for Decentralized Heating
  • Abstract The performances of a hybrid energy system for decentralized heating are investigated. The proposed energy system consists of a solar collector, an air-source heat pump, a gas-fired boiler and a hot water tank. A mathematical model is developed to predict the operating characteristics of the system. The simulation results are compared with experimental data. Such a comparison indicates that the model accuracy is sufficient. The influence of the flat plate solar collector area on the economic and energy efficiency of such system is also evaluated through numerical simulations. Finally, this system is optimized using the method of orthogonal design. The… More
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  • Analysis of Bubble Behavior in a Horizontal Rectangular Channel under Subcooled Flow Boiling Conditions
  • Abstract Experiments on subcooled flow boiling have been conducted using water in a rectangular flow channel. Similar to the coolant channel in internal combustion engines (IC engines), the flow channel in this experiment was asymmetrically heated. Bubble images were captured using a high speed camera from the side view of the channel. The experimental conditions in terms of bulk temperature, bulk velocity, pressure and heat flux ranged from 65°C–75°C, 0.25 m/s–0.75 m/s, 1–1.7 bar and 490 kW/m2–700 kW/m2, respectively. On the basis of these tests, a statistical analysis of the bubble size has been conducted considering a population of 1400 samples.… More
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  • Experimental Study on the Flow Characteristics of a Plate with a Mechanically Choked Orifice
  • Abstract The mechanically choked orifice plate (MCOP) is a new type of device for flow control by which choking conditions for incompressible fluids can be obtained with relatively small pressure losses. Given the lack of relevant results and data in the literature, in the present study, we concentrate on the experimental determination of the flow coefficient for the annular orifice, the pressure distribution in the MCOP, and the characteristics of the choked flow itself. As confirmed by the experimental results, the Reynolds number, the orifice plate thickness, the plug taper, and the eccentricity have an obvious influence on the aforementioned flow… More
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  • Modeling and Simulation of a Hybrid Jet-Impingement/Micro-Channel Heat Sink
  • Abstract With the progressive increase in the number of transistors that can be accommodated on a single integrated circuit, new strategies are needed to extract heat from these devices in an efficient way. In this regard methods based on the combination of the so-called “jet impingement” and “micro-channel” approaches seem extremely promising for possible improvement and future applications in electronics as well as the aerospace and biomedical fields. In this paper, a hybrid heat sink based on these two technologies is analysed in the frame of an integrated model. Dedicated CFD simulation of the coupled flow/temperature fields and orthogonal tests are… More
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  • Improving Mechanical Properties of Vitrified Umbilical Arteries with Magnetic Warming
  • Abstract The damage caused by thermal stress during rewarming vitrified biosamples is one of the major obstacles for clinical purposes. Magnetic warming is a highly effective approach to overcome this hurdle and can achieve rapid and spatially homogeneous heating. The current research investigates the effects of magnetic warming on the histological and biomechanical properties of the vitrified umbilical arteries (UAs) through experiments and simulation. The results of experiments show that, for the case of magnetic warming comparing with the conventional water bath, magnetic warming presents better preservation of extracellular matrix (ECM), collagen fibers, elastic fibers, and muscle fibers of the umbilical… More
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  • High-Density Block Transformation to Increase Natural Ventilation Based on CFD Simulation
  • Abstract Many countries in the world have experienced extremely rapid urbanization during recent decades. The rapid development of densely populated areas has produced many urban environmental problems. This research explores the relationship between urban morphology and ventilation conditions. Through 3D modeling and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation, we focus on the large scale ventilation of an extended area with several buildings. As a testbed, in particular, the core part of Kwun Tong industrial park in Hong Kong is examined, and in order to validate the approach, 10 measurement points are used to get experimental values to be used for comparison (such… More
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  • Study of the Combustion Process inside an Ethanol-Diesel Dual Direct Injection Engine Based on a Non-Uniform Injection Approach
  • Abstract The use of ethanol is a promising method to reduce the emissions of diesel engines. The present study has been based on the installation of a gasoline electronic injection system in a single-cylinder diesel engine to control the amount of ethanol entering the cylinder during the compression (while diesel has been injected into the cylinder by the original pump injection system). The injection time has been controlled by crank angle signal collected by an AVL angle indicator. In the tests ethanol and diesel each accounted for half of the fuel volume, and the total heat energy supply of the fuel… More
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  • Effect of Patient-Specific Aorta Wall Properties on Hemodynamic Parameters
  • Abstract This study deals with the interaction of blood flow with the wall aorta, i.e., the boundary of the main artery that transports blood in the human body. The problem is addressed in the framework of computational fluid dynamics complemented with (FSI), i.e., a fluid-structure interaction model. Two fundamental types of wall are considered, namely a flexible and a rigid boundary. The resulting hemodynamic flows are carefully compared in order to determine which boundary condition is more effective in reproducing reality. Special attention is paid to wall shear stress (WSS), a factor known for its ability to produce atherosclerosis and bulges.… More
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  • A Study on the Strength Surplus Coefficient of Cement
  • Abstract This study considers P.O42.5 cement from different sources and evaluates the related surplus coefficient (defined as the proportionality factor linking the measured compressive strength value of the cement after 28 days to the “standard” value of cement strength). The needed tests have been conducted using a mixer, a pressure testing machine, a flexural testing machine, a vibrating table a ramming rod, a feeder and a metal ruler. The average value of the measured cement strength surplus coefficient of cement produced by five distinct cement manufacturers has been found to be 1.16. These results can be used as the basis to… More
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  • Numerical Study of Airborne Droplets Propagation Inside a Hospital Consulting Room
  • Abstract The outbreak of Corona Virus (COVID-19) has spread over a large number of countries. The virus is typically transported inside liquid droplets produced by human beings. As a result, doctors operating in the consulting rooms of hospitals are potentially exposed to high risk. Taking into account the evaporation of droplets and using a hybrid Eulerian-Lagrangian framework to determine the airflow pattern and corresponding motion of droplets, in the present study, the motion of droplets is investigated with regard to the situation in which doctors check patients in front of their bed. A turbulence model (RNG k-ɛ) is used. The purification… More
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  • Study on Energy Conversion Characteristics in Volute of Pump as Turbine
  • Abstract A volute is a curved funnel with cross-sectional area increasing towards the discharge port. The volute of a centrifugal pump is the casing hosting the fluid being pumped by the impeller. In Pump-as-turbine devices (PAT), vice versa the volute plays the role of energy conversion element. In the present analysis, this process is analyzed using CFD. The results show that in the contraction section of volute the conversion between dynamic pressure energy and static pressure energy essentially depends on the reduction of flow area, while in the spiral section, frictional losses also play a significant role. From the throat to… More
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  • Flow Simulation of a Horizontal Well with Two Types of Completions in the Frame of a Wellbore–Annulus–Reservoir Model
  • Abstract Well completions are generally used to connect a reservoir to the surface so that fluids can be produced from or injected into it. With these systems, pipe flows are typically established in the horizontal sections of slotted screen completions and inflow control device (ICD) completions; moreover, an annular flow exists in the region between the pipe and the borehole wall. On the basis of the principles of mass and momentum conservation, in the present study, a coupling model considering the variable mass flow of the central tubing, the variable mass flow of the annular tubing and the reservoir seepage is… More
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