TY - EJOU
AU - Sadiq, Muhammad A.
AU - Abbas, Nadeem
AU - Bahaidarah, Haitham M. S.
AU - Amjad, Mohammad
TI - Unsteady Flow and Heat Transfer of a Casson Micropolar Nanofluid over a Curved Stretching/Shrinking Surface
T2 - Fluid Dynamics \& Materials Processing
PY - 2023
VL - 19
IS - 2
SN - 1555-2578
AB - We present the results of an investigation into the behavior of the unsteady flow of a Casson Micropolar nanofluid over a shrinking/stretching curved surface, together with a heat transfer analysis of the same problem. The body force acting perpendicular to the surface wall is in charge of regulating the fluid flow rate. Curvilinear coordinates are used to account for the considered curved geometry and a set of balance equations for mass, momentum, energy and concentration is obtained accordingly. These are turned into ordinary differential equations using a similarity transformation. We show that these equations have dual solutions for a number of different combinations of various parameters. The stability of such solutions is investigated by applying perturbations on the steady states. It is found that high values of the Micropolar and Casson parameters cause the flow to move more slowly. However, when compared to a shrunken surface, a stretched surface produces a greater Micro-rotation flux.
KW - Dual solutions; Micropolar Casson fluid; curved surface; perturbation; eigen values
DO - 10.32604/fdmp.2022.021133