TY - EJOU
AU - Akram, Saima
AU - Nawaz, Allah
AU - Riaz, Muhammad Bilal
AU - Rehman, Mariam
TI - Periodic Solutions for Two Dimensional Quartic Non-Autonomous Differential Equation
T2 - Intelligent Automation \& Soft Computing
PY - 2022
VL - 31
IS - 3
SN - 2326-005X
AB - In this article, the maximum possible numbers of periodic solutions for the quartic differential equation are calculated. In this regard, for the first time in the literature, we developed new formulae to determine the maximum number of periodic solutions greater than eight for the quartic equation. To obtain the maximum number of periodic solutions, we used a systematic procedure of bifurcation analysis. We used computer algebra Maple 18 to solve lengthy calculations that appeared in the formulae of focal values as integrations. The newly developed formulae were applied to a variety of polynomials with algebraic and homogeneous trigonometric coefficients of various degrees. We were able to validate our newly developed formulae by obtaining maximum multiplicity nine in the class C_{4,1} using algebraic coefficients. Whereas the maximum number of periodic solutions for the classes C_{4,4}; C_{5,1}; C_{5,5}; C_{6,1}; C_{6:6}; C_{7,1} is eight. Additionally, the stability of limit cycles belonging to the aforementioned classes with algebraic coefficients is briefly discussed. Hence, we conclude from the above-stated facts that our new results are a credible, authentic and pleasant addition to the literature.
KW - Limit cycle; nonlinear equation; quartic differential equation; algebraic and trigonometric coefficients; focal values
DO - 10.32604/iasc.2022.019767