TY - EJOU
AU - Jaradat, Yousef
AU - Masoud, Mohammad
AU - Jannoud, Ismael
AU - Zeidan, Dema
TI - Genetic Algorithm Energy Optimization in 3D WSNs with Different Node Distributions
T2 - Intelligent Automation \& Soft Computing
PY - 2022
VL - 33
IS - 2
SN - 2326-005X
AB - Optimal node clustering in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) is a major issue in reducing energy consumption and extending network node life time and reliability measures. Many techniques for optimizing the node clustering process in WSN have been proposed in the literature. The metaheuristic algorithms are a subset of these techniques. Genetic algorithm (GA) is an evolutionary metaheuristic technique utilized to improve the network reliability and extending the network life time by optimizing the clustering process in the network. The GA dynamic clustering (GA-DC) algorithm is proposed in this paper to extend the network reliability and node life time of three dimensional (3D) WSN. The GA-DC algorithm made use of an improved fitness function that takes into account a variety of metrics such as energy expenditure per protocol round, clustering distance, and the number of long-distance wireless connections. There have been two types of simulation scenarios run. First, simulation results show that the GA-DC algorithm increases network life time by 80% and network throughput by 55% when compared to the well-known LEACH protocol. Second, simulation results show that the uniform node distribution outperforms the normal and exponential distributions in terms of network life time by 5.7% and 7%, network reliability by 4.2% and 76%, and data throughput by 10.85% and 19.54%, respectively
KW - Dynamic GA; selection; mutation; crossover; clustering; energy efficient
DO - 10.32604/iasc.2022.024218