TY - EJOU
AU - Krishnan, Anupam
AU - Anantharaman, Anjana P.
TI - Numerical Analysis of Blood Flow through COVID-19 Infected Arteries
T2 - Molecular \& Cellular Biomechanics
PY - 2022
VL - 19
IS - 2
SN - 1556-5300
AB - Computational Fluid Dynamics has become relevant in the study of hemodynamics, where clinical results are challenging to obtain. This paper discusses a 2-Dimensional transient blood flow analysis through an arterial bifurcation for patients infected with the Coronavirus. The geometry considered is an arterial bifurcation with main stem diameter 3 mm and two outlets. The left outlet (smaller) has a diameter of 1.5 mm and the right outlet (larger), 2 mm. The length of the main stem, left branch and right branch are fixed at 35 mm, 20 mm and 25 mm respectively. Viscosity change that occurs in the blood leads to different parametrical changes in blood flow. The blood flow towards the smaller branch is significantly affected by the changed blood viscosity. Extended regions of high pressure and increased velocity towards the larger outlet are obtained. The Time Averaged Wall Shear Stress (TAWSS) for the corona affected artery is found to be 10.4114 Pa at a 90° angle of bifurcation as compared to 2.45002 Pa of the normal artery. For varying angles of bifurcation, an angle of 75° was found to have a maximum Time Averaged Wall Shear Stress of 2.46076 Pa and 10.42542 Pa for normal and corona affected artery, respectively.
KW - Coronavirus; non-Newtonian fluid; endothelial cells; artery bifurcation; pulsatile flow
DO - 10.32604/mcb.2022.018369