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    How does FtsZ’s treadmilling help bacterial cells divide?


    BIOCELL, Vol.46, No.11, pp. 2343-2351, 2022, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2022.022100

    Abstract Most bacteria assemble a ring-like macromolecular machinery scaffolded by the essential cytoskeletal protein FtsZ for cell division. Studies have broadly explored how FtsZ could polymerize at the correct place and time. Recently, the FtsZ-ring was found to exhibit dynamic treadmilling along the circumference of the division site, driven by GTP hydrolysis. This apparently directional motion of FtsZ seems to drive the movement of septal cell wall synthesis enzymes and to play an important role in modulating cell envelope constriction and septum morphogenesis. However, the relationship between FtsZ’s treadmilling dynamics and cell wall synthesis varies in different bacteria. More importantly, the… More >

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