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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Long Noncoding RNA H19 Promotes Proliferation and Invasion in Human Glioma Cells by Downregulating miR-152

    Lei Chen, Yuhai Wang, Jianqing He, Chunlei Zhang, Junhui Chen, Dongliang Shi

    Oncology Research, Vol.26, No.9, pp. 1419-1428, 2018, DOI:10.3727/096504018X15178768577951

    Abstract miR-152 and lncRNA H19 have been frequently implicated in various cellular processes including cell proliferation, invasion, angiogenesis, and apoptosis. However, the interaction between miR-152 and H19 in glioma has never been reported. RT-qPCR was used to examine the expression of miR-152 and H19 in human glioma cell lines and normal human astrocytes (NHAs). The interaction between miR-152 and lncRNA H19 was assessed by dual-luciferase reporter assay. MTT assay and Transwell invasion assay were used to determine the proliferation and invasion of U251 and U87 cells. A xenograft tumor experiment was performed to confirm the role… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    lncRNA NORAD Contributes to Colorectal Cancer Progression by Inhibition of miR-202-5p

    Jie Zhang*, Xiao-Yan Li*, Ping Hu, Yuan-Sheng Ding*

    Oncology Research, Vol.26, No.9, pp. 1411-1418, 2018, DOI:10.3727/096504018X15190844870055

    Abstract Previous study indicates that long noncoding RNA NORAD could serve as a competing endogenous RNA to pancreatic cancer metastasis. However, its role in colorectal cancer (CRC) needs to be investigated. In the present study, we found that the expression of NORAD was significantly upregulated in CRC tissues. Furthermore, the expression of NORAD was positively related with CRC metastasis and patients’ poor prognosis. Knockdown of NORAD markedly inhibited CRC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion but induced cell apoptosis in vitro. In vivo experiments also indicated an inhibitory effect of NORAD on tumor growth. Mechanistically, we found More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Long Noncoding RNA CCAL Promotes Papillary Thyroid Cancer Progression by Activation of NOTCH1 Pathway

    Ying Ye, Yanan Song, Juhua Zhuang, Saifei He, Jing Ni, Wei Xia

    Oncology Research, Vol.26, No.9, pp. 1383-1390, 2018, DOI:10.3727/096504018X15188340975709

    Abstract Long noncoding RNA CCAL has been reported to promote tumor progression in various human cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma, osteosarcoma, and colorectal cancer. However, the role of CCAL in papillary thyroid cancer remains largely unknown. In the present study, we found that the expression of CCAL was upregulated in papillary thyroid tumor tissues compared to adjacent normal tissues. Moreover, the expression of CCAL was positively related with papillary thyroid cancer severity and TNM stage and predicated poor prognosis. Besides, we found that knockdown of CCAL significantly inhibited papillary thyroid cancer cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Long Noncoding RNA CRNDE/PRC2 Participated in the Radiotherapy Resistance of Human Lung Adenocarcinoma Through Targeting p21 Expression

    Ming Zhang*, Change Gao, Yi Yang*, Gaofeng Li, Jian Dong§, Yiqin Ai*, Nan Chen, Wenhui Li*

    Oncology Research, Vol.26, No.8, pp. 1245-1255, 2018, DOI:10.3727/096504017X14944585873668

    Abstract Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), a new class of functional regulators involved in human tumorigenesis, have been attracting the increasing attention of researchers. The lncRNA colorectal neoplasia differentially expressed (CRNDE) gene, transcribed from chromosome 16 on the strand opposite the adjacent IRX5 gene, was originally found to be increased in CRC and was reported to be abnormally expressed in many cancers. However, its potential role and the molecular mechanism underlying the radioresistant phenotype formation of lung adenocarcinoma (LAD) remain unclear. In our present study, we identified that CRNDE was significantly upregulated in LAD tissue and radioresistant… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Silencing of lncRNA CCDC26 Restrains the Growth and Migration of Glioma Cells In Vitro and In Vivo via Targeting miR-203

    Shilei Wang*, Yuzuo Hui*, Xiaoming Li, Qingbin Jia*

    Oncology Research, Vol.26, No.8, pp. 1143-1154, 2018, DOI:10.3727/096504017X14965095236521

    Abstract Gliomas are the most common primary brain tumors with high mortality. The treatment for gliomas is largely limited due to its uncomprehending pathological mechanism. Here we aimed to investigate the effect of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) coiled-coil domain-containing 26 (CCDC26) in glioma progression. In our study, the expression of CCDC26 was found upregulated in glioma tissues and cell lines compared with normal tissues and cell lines. Further exploration detected decreased cell proliferation and increased cell apoptosis in U-251 and M059J cells transfected with CCDC26-siRNA. In addition, the silencing of CCDC26 strongly reduced the wound closing… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Long Noncoding RNA ATB Promotes Proliferation, Migration, and Invasion in Bladder Cancer by Suppressing MicroRNA-126

    Xingquan Zhai, Wei Xu

    Oncology Research, Vol.26, No.7, pp. 1063-1072, 2018, DOI:10.3727/096504018X15152072098476

    Abstract This study aimed to explore the biological functions of long noncoding RNA activated by transforming growth factor-b (lncRNA-ATB) in bladder cancer cells. For the expressions of lncRNA-ATB, miR-126, and KRAS, T24 cells were transfected with their specific vectors/shRNA or mimic/inhibitor. Then cell viability, migration, invasion, and apoptosis as well as the protein levels of apoptosis-related factors and PI3K/AKT and mTOR signal pathways were measured. The relationships of lncRNA-ATB and miR-126 or miR-126 and KRAS were analyzed by Dual-Luciferase Reporter assay. Functional experiments showed that lncRNA-ATB overexpression significantly promoted cell viability, migration, and invasion in T24 More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Expression and Function of Long Noncoding RNA NONHSAT129183 in Papillary Thyroid Cancer

    Jian Ding*, Fuqing Wang, Tiangang Xiang, Meng Qiao§

    Oncology Research, Vol.26, No.7, pp. 1047-1053, 2018, DOI:10.3727/096504018X15152037713570

    Abstract The aberrant expression of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) is implicated in cancer development and progression. This study was aimed to investigate the expression and clinical significance of lncRNA NONHSAT129183 in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), and to explore its roles in PTC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Our results demonstrate that lncRNA NONHSAT129183 is upregulated in human PTC tissues when compared with that in adjacent noncancerous thyroid tissue. Moreover, its expression is correlated with tumor size, lymph node metastasis, and TNM stage in PTC patients. lncRNA NONHSAT129183 silencing also significantly suppressed cell proliferation, migration, and invasion More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Long Noncoding RNA NEAT1 Promotes Growth and Metastasis of Cholangiocarcinoma Cells

    Cheng Zhang*, Jing-Yi Li*, Fu-Zhou Tian, Gang Zhao, Hai Hu, Yue-Feng Ma*, Yu-Long Yang*

    Oncology Research, Vol.26, No.6, pp. 879-888, 2018, DOI:10.3727/096504017X15024935181289

    Abstract Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are known to play important roles in cancers. However, little is known about lncRNAs in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), a cholangiocyte malignancy with poor prognosis. We investigated the role of nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 (NEAT1) lncRNA in promoting CCA. qRT-PCR analysis of patient samples showed that NEAT1 expression was higher in CCA tumors than in matched adjacent nontumor tissue. NEAT1 levels were also higher in CCA cell lines than in a normal biliary epithelium cell line (HIBEpic). NEAT1 knockdown in CCA cell lines using shNEAT1 reduced cell proliferation and colony formation in… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Long Noncoding RNA XIST Promotes Osteosarcoma Progression by Targeting Ras-Related Protein RAP2B via miR-320b

    Gong-Yi Lv, Jun Miao, Xiao-Lin Zhang

    Oncology Research, Vol.26, No.6, pp. 837-846, 2018, DOI:10.3727/096504017X14920318811721

    Abstract Abnormal expression of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) often contributes to the unrestricted growth and invasion of cancer cells. lncRNA X-inactive specific transcript (XIST) expression is upregulated in several cancers; however, its underlying mechanism in osteosarcoma (OS) has not been elucidated. In the present study, we found that XIST expression was significantly increased in OS tissues and cell lines by LncRNA Profiler and qRT-PCR. The effects of XIST and miR-320b on OS cell proliferation and invasion were studied by MTT and Transwell invasion assays. The competing relationship between XIST and miR-320b was confirmed by luciferase reporter More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Aberrant lncRNA Expression in Multiple Myeloma

    Hui Meng*1, Lei Han†1, Chun Hong*, Jinya Ding*, Qianchuan Huang*

    Oncology Research, Vol.26, No.5, pp. 809-816, 2018, DOI:10.3727/096504017X15123872205507

    Abstract Multiple myeloma (MM), a type of malignant tumor, is characterized by dysplasia of clonal plasma cells in the bone marrow. People with MM will have damaged organs or tissues due to secretion of large amounts of monoclonal immunoglobulin or fragments (M protein). Despite improved survivability by novel treatment strategies over the last decade, MM is still incurable by current therapies. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), with length of more than 200 nucleotides, have been reported to act as important regulators in many diseases, including MM. Recent studies have reported aberrant lncRNA expression in MM; these dysregulated More >

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