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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Curcumin inhibits colorectal cancer development by blocking the YAP/TAZ signaling axis

    FEI SHA1, DAISHAN XIN2, JUN XU3, ZHIWEI ZHENG1, WENXIN LIN1, XIAORUI CAI1, FEI LIN3, MINGHAO ZHENG1,*, JIAOLING CHEN1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.3, pp. 443-451, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.029188

    Abstract Background: Curcumin is a plant polyphenol with antitumor properties and inhibits the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, as the molecular mechanism associated is still unclear, our study aimed to explore the underlying molecular mechanisms by which curcumin inhibits CRC. Methods: HT29 and SW480 cells were treated with curcumin or/and Doxycycline (DOX), and cell viability, colony forming ability, migration and invasion were confirmed by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), colony forming, Transwell assays. And Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP) and PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) signaling-related genes or proteins were analyzed using reverse transcription quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR), western More > Graphic Abstract

    Curcumin inhibits colorectal cancer development by blocking the YAP/TAZ signaling axis

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    CMTM6 deletion affects chemoresistance and macrophage M2 polarization in colorectal cancer cells

    YANG XU1,#, HONGYUN LI1,#, GE YOU2,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.2, pp. 229-237, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.045030

    Abstract Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) constitutes the leading cause of death worldwide. Chemoresistance and tumor immune evasion are critical contributors to therapeutic failure in cancer patients. CKLF-like MARVEL transmembrane domain-containing 6 (CMTM6) is aberrantly expressed in various cancers and can regulate tumor immunity. However, its role in chemoresistance and tumor immunity of CRC is not well understood. Methods: Online bioinformatics tools were used to analyze expression and prognosis of CMTM6 in CRC patients. CRC cells were transfected with si-CMTM6. Subsequently, the effects on CRC cell viability and chemoresistance were investigated by CCK-8 assay and flow cytometer.… More > Graphic Abstract

    CMTM6 deletion affects chemoresistance and macrophage M2 polarization in colorectal cancer cells

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A novel oxaliplatin-resistant gene signatures predicting survival of patients in colorectal cancer

    QIOU GU1, CHUILIN LAI1, XIAO GUAN1, JING ZHU2, TIAN ZHAN1, JIANPING ZHANG1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.2, pp. 253-269, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.028336

    Abstract Objectives: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a serious threat to human health worldwide. Oxaliplatin is a platinum analog and is widely used to treat CRC. However, resistance to oxaliplatin restricts its effectiveness and application while its target recognition and mechanism of action also remain unclear. Therefore, we aimed to develop an oxaliplatin-resistant prognostic model to clarify these aspects. Methods: We first obtained oxaliplatin-resistant and parental cell lines, and identified oxaliplatin-resistant genes using RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) and differential gene analysis. We then acquired relevant data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases.… More > Graphic Abstract

    A novel oxaliplatin-resistant gene signatures predicting survival of patients in colorectal cancer

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Identification and validation of novel prognostic fatty acid metabolic gene signatures in colon adenocarcinoma through systematic approaches

    HENG ZHANG1,#, WENJING CHENG2,#, HAIBO ZHAO2, WEIDONG CHEN2, QIUJIE ZHANG2,*, QING-QING YU2,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.2, pp. 297-308, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.043138

    Abstract Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) belongs to the class of significantly malignant tumors found in humans. Recently, dysregulated fatty acid metabolism (FAM) has been a topic of attention due to its modulation in cancer, specifically CRC. However, the regulatory FAM pathways in CRC require comprehensive elucidation. Methods: The clinical and gene expression data of 175 fatty acid metabolic genes (FAMGs) linked with colon adenocarcinoma (COAD) and normal cornerstone genes were gathered through The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA)-COAD corroborating with the Molecular Signature Database v7.2 (MSigDB). Initially, crucial prognostic genes were selected by uni- and multi-variate Cox… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Absent in melanoma 2 attenuates proliferation and migration and promotes apoptosis of human colorectal cancer cells by activating P38MAPK signaling pathway

    ZHI ZHANG1,#, XIAOSONG LI1,2,#, YING ZHANG1,2,#, HAO ZHU1,2, ZHENGUO QIAO3, YANG LU4, XIUWEI MI4, HUIHUA CAO5, GENHAI SHEN1,*, SONGBING HE4,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.2, pp. 353-360, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.042986

    Abstract Colorectal cancer (CRC) stands among the top prevalent cancers worldwide and holds a prominent position as a major contributor to cancer-related mortality globally. Absent in melanoma 2 (AIM2), a constituent of the interferon-inducible hematopoietic interferon-inducible nuclear antigens with 200 amino acid repeats protein family, contributes to both cancer progression and inflammasome activation. Despite this understanding, the precise biological functions and molecular mechanisms governed by AIM2 in CRC remain elusive. Consequently, this study endeavors to assess AIM2’s expression levels, explore its potential antitumor effects, elucidate associated cancer-related processes, and decipher the underlying signaling pathways in CRC. More > Graphic Abstract

    Absent in melanoma 2 attenuates proliferation and migration and promotes apoptosis of human colorectal cancer cells by activating P38MAPK signaling pathway

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    LIM1863 is useful to explore collective cancer cell migration, and the group of heterogeneous cells undergoing collective migration behaves like a supracellular unit

    JINSONG WU1,2, ZHENG ZHI1, WENZHONG XU1, DIANCGENG LI1, QIUBO LI1, YAN HAN1, JIANMING HE1,3,*, XI LIANG1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.12, pp. 2671-2680, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.043494

    Abstract Introduction: Collective cancer cell migration (CCCM) and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) play key roles in metastasis. This study reports that the colorectal carcinoma cell line LIM1863 is useful for the study of CCCM and EMT. Methods: Hematoxylin and eosin staining, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and western blot analysis were performed. Results: LIM1863 automatically grew as spheroids in suspension and had important typical epithelial properties, including several layers of cells arranged around a central lumen, apical-basal polarity, and types of cell-cell junctions. Treatment with a combination of both TGF beta 1 and TNF alpha induced definite and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Hsa_circ_0036740 in familial adenomatous polyposis: Immune regulation and neutrophil effects in CRC based on high-throughput assay

    ZHIWANG LI, HAN YU, YUPING LIU, WEISHENG WU, HAIJING ZENG, EN LI*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.11, pp. 2409-2422, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.031186

    Abstract Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is an autosomal dominant disease with a high probability of becoming cancerous. Many RNAs potentially associated with FAP have not been identified. In this study, a circRNA (circular RNA) expression profile of FAP was established using a circRNA microarray, and differentially expressed circRNAs were verified by RT-qPCR. The effects of hsa_circ_0036740 on the malignant behavior of tumor cells (proliferation, apoptosis, and epithelial mesenchymal transition) and the levels of C3A complement protein expression were evaluated. Moreover, neutrophils were isolated and co-cultured with colorectal cancer cells (CRCs), followed by measurements of MPO-DNA, citrullinated… More > Graphic Abstract

    Hsa_circ_0036740 in familial adenomatous polyposis: Immune regulation and neutrophil effects in CRC based on high-throughput assay

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Application of exosomal miRNA mediated macrophage polarization in colorectal cancer: Current progress and challenges

    YUN ZHANG1,2,#, SHALING TANG1,2,#, YUBO GAO1,2, ZHONGTING LU1,2, YUAN YANG1,2, JING CHEN3, TAO LI4,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.1, pp. 61-71, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.043481

    Abstract Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major global health problem with high morbidity and mortality rates. Surgical resection is the main treatment for early-stage CRC, but detecting it early is challenging. Therefore, effective therapeutic targets for advanced patients are still lacking. Exosomes, tiny vesicles in body fluids, play a crucial role in tumor metastasis, immune regulation, and drug resistance. Interestingly, they can even serve as a biomarker for cancer diagnosis and prognosis. Studies have shown that exosomes can carry miRNA, mediate the polarization of M1/M2 macrophages, promote the proliferation and metastasis of cancer cells, and affect More > Graphic Abstract

    Application of exosomal miRNA mediated macrophage polarization in colorectal cancer: Current progress and challenges

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Cancer-associated fibroblasts of colorectal cancer: Translational prospects in liquid biopsy and targeted therapy

    ELYN AMIELA SALLEH1, YEONG YEH LEE2, ANDEE DZULKARNAEN ZAKARIA3, NUR ASYILLA CHE JALIL4, MARAHAINI MUSA1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.10, pp. 2233-2244, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.030541

    Abstract Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major global health concern. Accumulation of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) in CRC is associated with poor prognosis and disease recurrence. CAFs are the main cellular component of the tumor microenvironment. CAF-tumor cell interplay, which is facilitated by various secretomes, drives colorectal carcinogenesis. The complexity of CAF populations contributes to the heterogeneity of CRC and influences patient survival and treatment response. Due to their significant roles in colorectal carcinogenesis, different clinical applications utilizing or targeting CAFs have been suggested. Circulating CAFs (cCAFs) which can be detected in blood samples, have been proposed… More > Graphic Abstract

    Cancer-associated fibroblasts of colorectal cancer: Translational prospects in liquid biopsy and targeted therapy

  • Open Access

    HOXB8 contributed to oxaliplatin chemo-resistance in colon cancer cells by activating STAT3

    LIANLI NI1,2,#, YUN YU1,2,#, HAN LIN1,2, WEISHAN ZHUGE2, LU TAO2, YIWEI SHEN2, RI CUI2,*, SHAOTANG LI1,2,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.10, pp. 2245-2254, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.030147

    Abstract Background: Homeobox B8 (HOXB8), a member of HOX family, plays a key role in the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the function of HOXB8 in oxaliplatin (OXA) resistance in CRC is still unclear. This study investigated the role and precise molecular mechanism of HOXB8 in OXA-resistant CRC cells. Methods: The cell viability was measured by the 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5 diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, and the colony forming ability was determined by colony formation assay. The silencing RNA (siRNA) approach was used to knockdown HOXB8 in CRC cells while the lentiviral transfection system was used to establish… More >

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