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  • Open Access


    Multi-Material Topology Optimization of 2D Structures Using Convolutional Neural Networks

    Jiaxiang Luo1,2, Weien Zhou2,3, Bingxiao Du1,*, Daokui Li1, Wen Yao2,3,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.2, pp. 1919-1947, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.048118

    Abstract In recent years, there has been significant research on the application of deep learning (DL) in topology optimization (TO) to accelerate structural design. However, these methods have primarily focused on solving binary TO problems, and effective solutions for multi-material topology optimization (MMTO) which requires a lot of computing resources are still lacking. Therefore, this paper proposes the framework of multiphase topology optimization using deep learning to accelerate MMTO design. The framework employs convolutional neural network (CNN) to construct a surrogate model for solving MMTO, and the obtained surrogate model can rapidly generate multi-material structure topologies… More >

  • Open Access


    Experimental and Finite Element Analysis of Corroded High-Pressure Pipeline Repaired by Laminated Composite

    Seyed Mohammad Reza Abtahi1, Saeid Ansari Sadrabadi2,*, Gholam Hosein Rahimi1, Gaurav Singh2, Hamid Abyar3, Daniele Amato4, Luigi Federico5

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.2, pp. 1783-1806, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.047575

    Abstract Repairs of corroded high-pressure pipelines are essential for fluids transportation under high pressure. One of the methods used in their repairs is the use of layered composites. The composite used must have the necessary strength. Therefore, the experiments and analytical solutions presented in this paper are performed according to the relevant standards and codes, including ASME PCC-2, ASME B31.8S, ASME B31.4, ISO 24817 and ASME B31.G. In addition, the experimental tests are replicated numerically using the finite element method. Setting the strain gauges at different distances from the defect location, can reduce the nonlinear effects, More >

  • Open Access


    A Comprehensive Investigation on Shear Performance of Improved Perfobond Connector

    Caiping Huang*, Zihan Huang, Wenfeng You

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 299-320, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2024.047850

    Abstract This paper presents an easily installed improved perfobond connector (PBL) designed to reduce the shear concentration of PBL. The improvement of PBL lies in changing the straight penetrating rebar to the Z-type penetrating rebar. To study the shear performance of improved PBL, two PBL test specimens which contain straight penetrating rebar and six improved PBL test specimens which contain Z-type penetrating rebars were designed and fabricated, and push-out tests of these eight test specimens were carried out to investigate and compare the shear behavior of PBL. Additionally, Finite Element Analysis (FEA) models of the PBL… More >

  • Open Access


    Shield Excavation Analysis: Ground Settlement & Mechanical Responses in Complex Strata

    Baojun Qin1, Guangwei Zhang1, Wei Zhang2,*

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 341-360, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2024.047405

    Abstract This study delves into the effects of shield tunneling in complex coastal strata, focusing on how this construction method impacts surface settlement, the mechanical properties of adjacent rock, and the deformation of tunnel segments. It investigates the impact of shield construction on surface settlement, mechanical characteristics of nearby rock, and segment deformation in complex coastal strata susceptible to construction disturbances. Utilizing the Fuzhou Binhai express line as a case study, we developed a comprehensive numerical model using the ABAQUS finite element software. The model incorporates factors such as face force, grouting pressure, jack force, and… More >

  • Open Access


    Numerical Exploration of Asymmetrical Impact Dynamics: Unveiling Nonlinearities in Collision Problems and Resilience of Reinforced Concrete Structures

    AL-Bukhaiti Khalil1, Yanhui Liu1,*, Shichun Zhao1, Daguang Han2

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 223-254, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2024.044751

    Abstract This study provides a comprehensive analysis of collision and impact problems’ numerical solutions, focusing on geometric, contact, and material nonlinearities, all essential in solving large deformation problems during a collision. The initial discussion revolves around the stress and strain of large deformation during a collision, followed by explanations of the fundamental finite element solution method for addressing such issues. The hourglass mode’s control methods, such as single-point reduced integration and contact-collision algorithms are detailed and implemented within the finite element framework. The paper further investigates the dynamic response and failure modes of Reinforced Concrete (RC)… More >

  • Open Access


    Supervised Learning for Finite Element Analysis of Holes under Biaxial Load

    Wai Tuck Chow*, Jia Tai Lau

    Digital Engineering and Digital Twin, Vol.2, pp. 103-130, 2024, DOI:10.32604/dedt.2024.044545

    Abstract This paper presents a novel approach to using supervised learning with a shallow neural network to increase the efficiency of the finite element analysis of holes under biaxial load. With this approach, the number of elements in the finite element analysis can be reduced while maintaining good accuracy. The neural network will be used to predict the maximum stress for holes of different configurations such as holes in a finite-width plate (2D), multiple holes (2D), staggered holes (2D), and holes in an infinite plate (3D). The predictions are based on their respective coarse mesh with… More >

  • Open Access


    Finite Element Simulations of the Localized Failure and Fracture Propagation in Cohesive Materials with Friction

    Chengbao Hu1,2,3, Shilin Gong4,*, Bin Chen1,2,3, Zhongling Zong4, Xingwang Bao5, Xiaojian Ru5

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 997-1015, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.048640

    Abstract Strain localization frequently occurs in cohesive materials with friction (e.g., composites, soils, rocks) and is widely recognized as a fundamental cause of progressive structural failure. Nonetheless, achieving high-fidelity simulation for this issue, particularly concerning strong discontinuities and tension-compression-shear behaviors within localized zones, remains significantly constrained. In response, this study introduces an integrated algorithm within the finite element framework, merging a coupled cohesive zone model (CZM) with the nonlinear augmented finite element method (N-AFEM). The coupled CZM comprehensively describes tension-compression and compression-shear failure behaviors in cohesive, frictional materials, while the N-AFEM allows nonlinear coupled intra-element discontinuities More >

  • Open Access


    Modularized and Parametric Modeling Technology for Finite Element Simulations of Underground Engineering under Complicated Geological Conditions

    Jiaqi Wu1, Li Zhuo1,*, Jianliang Pei1, Yao Li2, Hongqiang Xie1, Jiaming Wu1, Huaizhong Liu1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 621-645, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.046398

    Abstract The surrounding geological conditions and supporting structures of underground engineering are often updated during construction, and these updates require repeated numerical modeling. To improve the numerical modeling efficiency of underground engineering, a modularized and parametric modeling cloud server is developed by using Python codes. The basic framework of the cloud server is as follows: input the modeling parameters into the web platform, implement Rhino software and FLAC3D software to model and run simulations in the cloud server, and return the simulation results to the web platform. The modeling program can automatically generate instructions that can run… More >

  • Open Access


    Contact Stress Reliability Analysis Model for Cylindrical Gear with Circular Arc Tooth Trace Based on an Improved Metamodel

    Qi Zhang1,2,4,5, Zhixin Chen3, Yang Wu4,*, Guoqi Xiang2, Guang Wen1, Xuegang Zhang2, Yongchun Xie2, Guangchun Yang2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 593-619, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.046319

    Abstract Although there is currently no unified standard theoretical formula for calculating the contact stress of cylindrical gears with a circular arc tooth trace (referred to as CATT gear), a mathematical model for determining the contact stress of CATT gear is essential for studying how parameters affect its contact stress and building the contact stress limit state equation for contact stress reliability analysis. In this study, a mathematical relationship between design parameters and contact stress is formulated using the Kriging Metamodel. To enhance the model’s accuracy, we propose a new hybrid algorithm that merges the genetic… More >

  • Open Access


    A Review on Finite Element Alternating Methods for Analyzing 2D and 3D Cracks

    Jai Hak Park*

    Digital Engineering and Digital Twin, Vol.2, pp. 79-101, 2024, DOI:10.32604/dedt.2024.047280

    Abstract A finite element alternating method has been known as a very convenient and accurate method to solve two and three-dimensional crack problems. In this method, a general crack problem is solved by a superposition of two solutions. One is a finite element solution for a finite body without a crack, and the other is an analytical solution for a crack in an infinite body. Since a crack is not considered in a finite element model, generating a model is very simple. The method is especially very convenient for a fatigue crack growth simulation. Over the More >

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