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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    THERMAL ELECTRIC ANALYSIS OF 3-D SANDWICH COMPACT BUSBAR WITH CLASS-B AND CLASS-F INSULATION

    B. Gangadhara Raoa,*, K. Elangovanb, K. Hema Chandra Reddya, M. Arulprakasajothic

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.16, pp. 1-8, 2021, DOI:10.5098/hmt.16.15

    Abstract In this research, the 3-D coupled thermal electric model analyses on a sandwich bus bar are presented for the comparison of F Class & B Class of insulation. IEC defines the maximum temperature limit at the conductor based on the class of insulation. This paper gives the clarity on the variation on the current density i.e, the size of the conductor by varying the class of insulation. The study is conducted on tin plated 2000 A sandwich busbar system. The sandwich bus bar is made of copper conductors with tin plating and enclosed by an aluminum cover along its length.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF NATURAL CONVECTION IN RECTANGULAR CAVITIES WITH DIFFERENT ASPECT RATIOS

    Olanrewaju M. Oyewolaa,b,*, Samuel I. Afolabib , Olawale S. Ismailb

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.17, pp. 1-8, 2021, DOI:10.5098/hmt.17.11

    Abstract The problem of natural convection in rectangular cavities with different aspect ratios has been numerically analyzed in this study. Cavities considered have their right vertical walls heated and cooled at the opposite with constant temperatures, while horizontal walls are kept adiabatic. The objective of this study is to ascertain the significant effects of Rayleigh numbers (Ra), Nusselt numbers (Nu) and aspect ratios (AR) on flow and heat transfer in rectangular cavities. The equations of Navier-Stokes and energy are solved by applying Galerkin weighted residual Finite Element Method. Parametric calculations are performed for Rayleigh numbers (Ra) ranging from 104 to 108… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    NATURAL CONVECTION ANALYSIS OF A RECTANGULAR SHAPE HEATED BLOCK EMBEDDED IN SQUARE CAVITY

    Olanrewaju M. Oyewolaa,b,*, Samuel I. Afolabib

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.19, pp. 1-6, 2022, DOI:10.5098/hmt.19.38

    Abstract Numerical analysis of heat transfer by convection in a square with a rectangular shape heated block located at the top, center and bottommost has been numerically investigated by applying the principal partial differential equations governing mass, momentum and energy using discontinuous Galerkin weighted procedure for residual finite element with the view of examining the significance of position of rectangular shaped heated block encapsulated within the square cavity. The right wall being adiabatic while the other three walls are maintained at low constant temperature. The heated block is maintained constantly hot. The developed code of COMSOL Multiphysics is employed to perform… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSYS OF RADIATIVE UNSTEADY MHD VISCOUS DISSIPATIVE MIXED CONVECTION FLUID FLOW PAST AN IMPULSIVELY STARTED OSCILLATING PLATE IN THE PRESENCE OF HEAT SOURCE

    D. Santhi Kumaria,* , Venkata Subrahmanyam Sajjaa , P. M. Kishoreb,†

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.20, pp. 1-11, 2023, DOI:10.5098/hmt.20.5

    Abstract The aim of present study is an influence of viscous dissipation and heat source on an unsteady MHD mixed convective, fluid flow past an impulsively started oscillating plate embedded in a porous medium in presence of magnetic field, heat and mass transfer. The modeling equations are converted to dimensionless equations then solved through Galerkin finite element method and discussed in the flow distributions with the help of MATLAB. Numerical results for the velocity, temperature and concentration distributions as well as the skin-friction coefficient, Nusselt number and Sherwood number are discussed in detail and displayed graphically for various physical parameters. It… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Analysis of the Thermal Properties of Ecological Materials Based on Plaster and Clay

    A. Lkouen1,*, M. Lamrani2, A. Meskini1, A. Khabbazi3

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.8, pp. 2013-2026, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.026929

    Abstract Most of the energy savings in the building sector come from the choice of the materials used and their microphysical properties. In the present study, through numerical simulations a link is established between the thermal performance of composite materials and their microstructures. First, a two-phase 3D composite structure is modeled, then the RSA (Random Sequential Addition) algorithm and a finite element method (FE) are applied to evaluate the effective thermal conductivity of these composites in the steady-state. In particular, building composites based on gypsum and clay, consolidated with peanut shell additives and/or cork are considered. The numerically determined thermal conductivities… More > Graphic Abstract

    Numerical Analysis of the Thermal Properties of Ecological Materials Based on Plaster and Clay

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    ABAQUS and ANSYS Implementations of the Peridynamics-Based Finite Element Method (PeriFEM) for Brittle Fractures

    Fei Han*, Zhibin Li, Jianyu Zhang, Zhiying Liu, Chen Yao, Wenping Han

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.136, No.3, pp. 2715-2740, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.026922

    Abstract In this study, we propose the first unified implementation strategy for peridynamics in commercial finite element method (FEM) software packages based on their application programming interface using the peridynamics-based finite element method (PeriFEM). Using ANSYS and ABAQUS as examples, we present the numerical results and implementation details of PeriFEM in commercial FEM software. PeriFEM is a reformulation of the traditional FEM for solving peridynamic equations numerically. It is considered that the non-local features of peridynamics yet possesses the same computational framework as the traditional FEM. Therefore, this implementation benefits from the consistent computational frameworks of both PeriFEM and the traditional… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Investigation on Vibration Performance of Flexible Plates Actuated by Pneumatic Artificial Muscle

    Zhimin Zhao1,2, Jie Yan3, Shangbin Wang1,2, Yuanhao Tie4, Ning Feng1,2,5,*

    Sound & Vibration, Vol.56, No.4, pp. 307-317, 2022, DOI:10.32604/sv.2022.028797

    Abstract This paper theoretically introduced the feasibility of changing the vibration characteristics of flexible plates by using bio-inspired, extremely light, and powerful Pneumatic Artificial Muscle (PAM) actuators. Many structural plates or shells are typically flexible and show high vibration sensitivity. For this reason, this paper provides a way to achieve active vibration control for suppressing the oscillations of these structures to meet strict stability, safety, and comfort requirements. The dynamic behaviors of the designed plates are modeled by using the finite element (FE) method. As is known, the output force vs. contraction curve of PAM is nonlinear generally. In this present… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Study on the Application of Vibration Isolation by Using a Trench in Frame Structures

    Pinwu Guan1, Zheng Ma1, Pu Zhang1, Shizhan Xu1,*, Wei Liu2, Yanwei Guo2, Xin Yang2, Zhen Wang2, Haibo Wang2, Chao Yuan2, Jie Wang2

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.17, No.1, pp. 23-36, 2023, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2023.011383

    Abstract An isolation trench is a simple and effective method to isolate structural vibrations originating from sources of vibration other than earthquakes (machines, traffic, explosions, etc.); however, there is still not a conclusive depth of the isolation trench for frame structures. To investigate the isolation effect of a trench in the frame structure designed for ground vibration, both a field test and finite element analysis were conducted to analyze the reduced effect of the vibration. The vibration reduction analysis was based on the dynamic equation and wave theory. Considering the vibration control of an industrial plant frame, a soil-trench-building finite element… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Simple and Efficient Structural Topology Optimization Implementation Using Open-Source Software for All Steps of the Algorithm: Modeling, Sensitivity Analysis and Optimization

    Rafael Marin Ferro1,2,*, Renato Pavanello2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.136, No.2, pp. 1371-1397, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.026043

    Abstract This work analyzes the implementation of a continuous method of structural topology optimization (STO) using open-source software for all stages of the topology optimization problem: modeling, sensitivity analysis and optimization. Its implementation involves three main components: numerical analysis using the Finite Element Method (FEM), sensitivity analysis using an Adjoint method and an optimization solver. In order to allow the automated numerical solution of Partial Differential Equations (PDEs) and perform a sensitivity analysis, FEniCS and Dolfin Adjoint software are used as tools, which are open-source code. For the optimization process, Ipopt (Interior Point OPTimizer) is used, which is a software package… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Importance of Three-Dimensional Piezoelectric Coupling Modeling in Quantitative Analysis of Piezoelectric Actuators

    Daisuke Ishihara1,*, Prakasha Chigahalli Ramegowda2, Shoichi Aikawa1, Naoki Iwamaru1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.136, No.2, pp. 1187-1206, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.024614

    Abstract This paper demonstrates the importance of three-dimensional (3-D) piezoelectric coupling in the electromechanical behavior of piezoelectric devices using three-dimensional finite element analyses based on weak and strong coupling models for a thin cantilevered piezoelectric bimorph actuator. It is found that there is a significant difference between the strong and weak coupling solutions given by coupling direct and inverse piezoelectric effects (i.e., piezoelectric coupling effect). In addition, there is significant longitudinal bending caused by the constraint of the inverse piezoelectric effect in the width direction at the fixed end (i.e., 3-D effect). Hence, modeling of these effects or 3-D piezoelectric coupling… More >

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