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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Investigation on a Two-dimensional Generalized Thermal Shock Problem with Temperature-dependent Properties

    Tianhu He1,2,3, Yongbin Ma2,3, Shuanhu Shi3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.47, No.1, pp. 15-29, 2015, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2015.047.015

    Abstract The dynamic response of a two-dimensional generalized thermoelastic problem with temperature-dependent properties is investigated in the context of generalized thermoelasticity proposed by Lord and Shulman. The governing equations are formulated, and due to the nonlinearity and complexity of the governing equations resulted from the temperature-dependent properties, a numerical method, i.e., finite element method is adopted to solve such problem. By means of virtual displacement principle, the nonlinear finite element equations are derived. To demonstrate the solution process, a thermoelastic half-space subjected to a thermal shock on its bounding surface is considered in detail. The nonlinear… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Finite Element Multi-mode Approach to Thermal Postbuckling of Functionally Graded Plates

    W. Xia1, Y.P. Feng2, D.W. Zhao3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.46, No.2, pp. 125-144, 2015, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2015.046.125

    Abstract Postbuckling analysis of functionally graded ceramic-metal plates under temperature field is presented using finite element multi-mode method. The three-node triangular element based on the Mindlin plate theory is employed to account for the transverse shear strains, and the von-Karman nonlinear strain-displacement relation is utilized considering the geometric nonlinearity. The effective material properties are assumed to vary through the thickness direction according to the power law distribution of the volume fraction of constituents. The temperature distribution along the thickness is determined by one dimensional Fourier equations of heat conduction. The buckling mode shape solved from eigen-buckling More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Bending, Free Vibration and Buckling Analysis of Functionally Graded Plates via Wavelet Finite Element Method

    Hao Zuo1,2, Zhibo Yang1,2,3, Xuefeng Chen1,2, Yong Xie4, Xingwu Zhang1,2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.44, No.3, pp. 167-204, 2014, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2014.044.167

    Abstract Following previous work, a wavelet finite element method is developed for bending, free vibration and buckling analysis of functionally graded (FG) plates based on Mindlin plate theory. The functionally graded material (FGM) properties are assumed to vary smoothly and continuously throughout the thickness of plate according to power law distribution of volume fraction of constituents. This article adopts scaling functions of two-dimensional tensor product BSWI to form shape functions. Then two-dimensional FGM BSWI element is constructed based on Mindlin plate theory by means of two-dimensional tensor product BSWI. The proposed two-dimensional FGM BSWI element possesses More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Sensitivity of Dynamic Response of a Simply Supported Functionally Graded Magneto-electro-elastic Plate to its Elastic Parameters

    G. Q. Xie1,2, M. X. Chi1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.44, No.2, pp. 123-140, 2014, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2014.044.123

    Abstract Dynamic response sensitivity of a simply supported functionally graded magneto-electro-elastic plates have been studied by combining analytical method with finite element method. The functionally graded material parameters are assumed to obey exponential law in the thickness direction. A series solution of double trigonometric function agreed with the simply supported boundary condition is adopted in the plane of the plate and finite element method is used across the thickness of the plate. The finite element model is established based on energy variational principle. The coupled electromagnetic dynamic characteristics of a simply supported functionally graded magneto- electro-elastic More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Magneto-Mechanical Finite Element Analysis of Single Crystalline Ni2MnGa Ferromagnetic Shape Memory Alloy

    Yuping Zhu1,2, Tao Chen1, Kai Yu1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.43, No.2, pp. 97-108, 2014, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2014.043.097

    Abstract Based on an existing micromechanical constitutive model for Ni2MnGa ferromagnetic shape memory alloy single crystals, a three-dimensional quasi-static isothermal incremental constitutive model that is suitable for finite element analysis is derived by using Hamilton's variational principle. This equation sets up the coupling relation between the magnetic vector potential and the mechanical displacement. By using the incremental equation and ANSYS software, the mechanical behaviors of martensitic variant reorientation for Ni2MnGa single crystals are analyzed under magneto-mechanical coupling action. And the finite element results agree well with the experimental data. The methods used in the paper can More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Finite Element Modeling of Compressive Deformation of Super-long Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes

    J. Joseph1, Y. C. Lu 1,

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.42, No.1, pp. 63-74, 2014, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2014.042.063

    Abstract The super-long, vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (SL-VACNTs) are novel carbon nanomaterial produced from template-free synthesis. The mechanical responses of such material have been investigated by continuum finite element modeling and compared with experimental observations. The crushable foam model has been adequate in modeling the stress-strain curve and deformation of the SL-VACNTs under compression. SL-VACNTs are seen to exhibit transient elastic deformation at small displacement and then plastic deformation at large displacement. The deformation mostly occur at the position immediately beneath the compression platen (indenter face) due to the high stress/strain concentrations. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Investigation of the Embedded Element Technique for ModellingWavy CNT Composites

    Anna Y. Matveeva1, Helmut J. Böhm2, Grygoriy Kravchenko2, Ferrie W. J. van Hattum1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.42, No.1, pp. 1-23, 2014, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2014.042.001

    Abstract This paper presents a comparison of different finite element approaches to modelling polymers reinforced with wavy, hollow fibres with the aim of predicting the effective elastic stiffness tensors of the composites. The waviness of the tubes is described by sinusoidal models with different amplitude-to-wavelength parameters. These volume elements are discretized by structured volume meshes onto which fibres in the form of independently meshed beam, shell or volume elements are superimposed. An embedded element technique is used to link the two sets of meshes. Reference solutions are obtained from conventional three-dimensional volume models of the same More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Simple Locking-Alleviated 3D 8-Node Mixed-Collocation C0 Finite Element with Over-Integration, for Functionally-Graded and Laminated Thick-Section Plates and Shells, with & without Z-Pins

    Leiting Dong1,2, Ahmed S. El-Gizawy3, Khalid A. Juhany3, Satya N. Atluri2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.41, No.3, pp. 163-192, 2014, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2014.041.163

    Abstract Following previous work of [Dong, El-Gizawy, Juhany, Atluri (2014)], a simple locking-alleviated 3D 8-node mixed-collocation C0 finite element (denoted as CEH8) is developed in this study, for the modeling of functionally-graded or laminated thick-section composite plates and shells, without using higher-order or layer-wise zig-zag plate and shell theories which are widely popularized in the current literature. The present C0 element independently assumes an 18-parameter linearly-varying Cartesian strain field. The independently assumed Cartesian strains are related to the Cartesian strains derived from mesh-based Cartesian displacement interpolations, by exactly enforcing 18 pre-defined constraints at 18 pre-selected collocation… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    On the Homogenization Analysis of Electromagnetic Properties for Irregular Honeycombs

    Lianhua Ma1, Qingsheng Yang2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.40, No.2, pp. 79-98, 2014, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2014.040.079

    Abstract Honeycombs are widely used in aerospace structures due to their low density and high specific strength. In this paper, effective electromagnetic properties of irregular honeycombs are investigated, by using the three dimensional homogenization theory and corresponding computational procedure. This homogenization method, being the extension of two-scale asymptotic approach, is employed to determine the expressions of the effective dielectric permittivity, magnetic permeability and electrical conductivity. To verify and validate the proposed model and procedure, effective permittivities of a typical irregular honeycomb are studied and compared with those of semi-empirical formulae. Moreover, the effect of geometry of More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Simple Locking-Alleviated 4-Node Mixed-Collocation Finite Element with Over-Integration, for Homogeneous or Functionally-Graded or Thick-Section Laminated Composite Beams

    Leiting Dong1, Ahmed S. El-Gizawy2, Khalid A. Juhany2, Satya N. Atluri3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.40, No.1, pp. 49-78, 2014, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2014.040.049

    Abstract In this study, a simple 4-node locking-alleviated mixed finite element (denoted as CEQ4) is developed, for the modeling of homogeneous or functionally graded or laminated thick-section composite beam structures, without using higher-order (in the thickness direction) or layer-wise zig-zag theories of composite laminates which are widely popularized in current literature. Following the work of [Dong and Atluri (2011)], the present element independently assumes a 5-parameter linearly-varying Cartesian strain field. The independently assumed Cartesian strains are related to the Cartesian strains derived from mesh-based Cartesian displacement interpolations, by exactly enforcing 5 pre-defined constraints at 5 pre-selected… More >

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