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  • Open Access


    EG-STC: An Efficient Secure Two-Party Computation Scheme Based on Embedded GPU for Artificial Intelligence Systems

    Zhenjiang Dong1, Xin Ge1, Yuehua Huang1, Jiankuo Dong1, Jiang Xu2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.3, pp. 4021-4044, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.049233

    Abstract This paper presents a comprehensive exploration into the integration of Internet of Things (IoT), big data analysis, cloud computing, and Artificial Intelligence (AI), which has led to an unprecedented era of connectivity. We delve into the emerging trend of machine learning on embedded devices, enabling tasks in resource-limited environments. However, the widespread adoption of machine learning raises significant privacy concerns, necessitating the development of privacy-preserving techniques. One such technique, secure multi-party computation (MPC), allows collaborative computations without exposing private inputs. Despite its potential, complex protocols and communication interactions hinder performance, especially on resource-constrained devices. Efforts… More >

  • Open Access


    Fault Diagnosis Scheme for Railway Switch Machine Using Multi-Sensor Fusion Tensor Machine

    Chen Chen1,2, Zhongwei Xu1, Meng Mei1,*, Kai Huang3, Siu Ming Lo2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.3, pp. 4533-4549, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048995

    Abstract Railway switch machine is essential for maintaining the safety and punctuality of train operations. A data-driven fault diagnosis scheme for railway switch machine using tensor machine and multi-representation monitoring data is developed herein. Unlike existing methods, this approach takes into account the spatial information of the time series monitoring data, aligning with the domain expertise of on-site manual monitoring. Besides, a multi-sensor fusion tensor machine is designed to improve single signal data’s limitations in insufficient information. First, one-dimensional signal data is preprocessed and transformed into two-dimensional images. Afterward, the fusion feature tensor is created by More >

  • Open Access


    Developing a Model for Parkinson’s Disease Detection Using Machine Learning Algorithms

    Naif Al Mudawi*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.3, pp. 4945-4962, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048967

    Abstract Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a chronic neurological condition that progresses over time. People start to have trouble speaking, writing, walking, or performing other basic skills as dopamine-generating neurons in some brain regions are injured or die. The patient’s symptoms become more severe due to the worsening of their signs over time. In this study, we applied state-of-the-art machine learning algorithms to diagnose Parkinson’s disease and identify related risk factors. The research worked on the publicly available dataset on PD, and the dataset consists of a set of significant characteristics of PD. We aim to apply… More >

  • Open Access


    THAPE: A Tunable Hybrid Associative Predictive Engine Approach for Enhancing Rule Interpretability in Association Rule Learning for the Retail Sector

    Monerah Alawadh*, Ahmed Barnawi

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.3, pp. 4995-5015, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048762

    Abstract Association rule learning (ARL) is a widely used technique for discovering relationships within datasets. However, it often generates excessive irrelevant or ambiguous rules. Therefore, post-processing is crucial not only for removing irrelevant or redundant rules but also for uncovering hidden associations that impact other factors. Recently, several post-processing methods have been proposed, each with its own strengths and weaknesses. In this paper, we propose THAPE (Tunable Hybrid Associative Predictive Engine), which combines descriptive and predictive techniques. By leveraging both techniques, our aim is to enhance the quality of analyzing generated rules. This includes removing irrelevant… More >

  • Open Access


    Adaptive Cloud Intrusion Detection System Based on Pruned Exact Linear Time Technique

    Widad Elbakri1, Maheyzah Md. Siraj1,*, Bander Ali Saleh Al-rimy1, Sultan Noman Qasem2, Tawfik Al-Hadhrami3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.3, pp. 3725-3756, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048105

    Abstract Cloud computing environments, characterized by dynamic scaling, distributed architectures, and complex workloads, are increasingly targeted by malicious actors. These threats encompass unauthorized access, data breaches, denial-of-service attacks, and evolving malware variants. Traditional security solutions often struggle with the dynamic nature of cloud environments, highlighting the need for robust Adaptive Cloud Intrusion Detection Systems (CIDS). Existing adaptive CIDS solutions, while offering improved detection capabilities, often face limitations such as reliance on approximations for change point detection, hindering their precision in identifying anomalies. This can lead to missed attacks or an abundance of false alarms, impacting overall… More >

  • Open Access


    An Imbalanced Data Classification Method Based on Hybrid Resampling and Fine Cost Sensitive Support Vector Machine

    Bo Zhu*, Xiaona Jing, Lan Qiu, Runbo Li

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.3, pp. 3977-3999, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048062

    Abstract When building a classification model, the scenario where the samples of one class are significantly more than those of the other class is called data imbalance. Data imbalance causes the trained classification model to be in favor of the majority class (usually defined as the negative class), which may do harm to the accuracy of the minority class (usually defined as the positive class), and then lead to poor overall performance of the model. A method called MSHR-FCSSVM for solving imbalanced data classification is proposed in this article, which is based on a new hybrid… More >

  • Open Access


    Hybrid Gene Selection Methods for High-Dimensional Lung Cancer Data Using Improved Arithmetic Optimization Algorithm

    Mutasem K. Alsmadi*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.3, pp. 5175-5200, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.044065

    Abstract Lung cancer is among the most frequent cancers in the world, with over one million deaths per year. Classification is required for lung cancer diagnosis and therapy to be effective, accurate, and reliable. Gene expression microarrays have made it possible to find genetic biomarkers for cancer diagnosis and prediction in a high-throughput manner. Machine Learning (ML) has been widely used to diagnose and classify lung cancer where the performance of ML methods is evaluated to identify the appropriate technique. Identifying and selecting the gene expression patterns can help in lung cancer diagnoses and classification. Normally,… More >

  • Open Access


    Arrhythmia Detection by Using Chaos Theory with Machine Learning Algorithms

    Maie Aboghazalah1,*, Passent El-kafrawy2, Abdelmoty M. Ahmed3, Rasha Elnemr5, Belgacem Bouallegue3, Ayman El-sayed4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.3, pp. 3855-3875, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.039936

    Abstract Heart monitoring improves life quality. Electrocardiograms (ECGs or EKGs) detect heart irregularities. Machine learning algorithms can create a few ECG diagnosis processing methods. The first method uses raw ECG and time-series data. The second method classifies the ECG by patient experience. The third technique translates ECG impulses into Q waves, R waves and S waves (QRS) features using richer information. Because ECG signals vary naturally between humans and activities, we will combine the three feature selection methods to improve classification accuracy and diagnosis. Classifications using all three approaches have not been examined till now. Several More >

  • Open Access


    Pharmacologic Inhibition of β-Catenin With Pyrvinium Inhibits Murine and Human Models of Wilms Tumor

    Dina Polosukhina*, Harold D. Love*†, Harold L. Moses‡§¶#, Ethan Lee**††, Roy Zent†§**‡‡, Peter E. Clark*‡

    Oncology Research, Vol.25, No.9, pp. 1653-1664, 2017, DOI:10.3727/096504017X14992942781895

    Abstract Wilms tumor (WT) is the most common renal malignancy in children and the fourth most common pediatric solid malignancy in the US. Although the mechanisms underlying the WT biology are complex, these tumors most often demonstrate activation of the canonical Wnt/β-catenin pathway. We and others have shown that constitutive activation of β-catenin restricted to the renal epithelium is sufficient to induce primitive renal epithelial tumors, which resemble human WT. Here we demonstrate that pharmacologic inhibition of β-catenin gene transcription with pyrvinium inhibits tumor growth and metastatic progression in a murine model of WT. Cellular invasion More >

  • Open Access


    Self-Reported Adherence to Capecitabine on XELOX Treatment as Adjuvant Therapy for Colorectal Cancer

    Kazuyoshi Kawakami*, Takashi Yokokawa*, Kazuo Kobayashi*, Takahito Sugisaki*, Kenichi Suzuki*, Mitsukuni Suenaga, Kensei Yamaguchi, Ayaka Inoue, Yoshiaki Machida, Toshiharu Yamaguchi, Toshihiro Hama*

    Oncology Research, Vol.25, No.9, pp. 1625-1631, 2017, DOI:10.3727/096504017X15012905098071

    Abstract Adherence has become an important issue in modern oncology treatment. Most studies have included heterogeneous target tumor types, regimens, and therapy settings. Our study focused on capecitabine during capecitabine plus oxaliplatin (XELOX) treatment as an adjuvant therapy for colorectal cancer. The main aims of this study were to evaluate real-life adherence to capecitabine and to investigate candidate factors that might decrease adherence. We studied 338 consecutive patients who received XELOX treatment between December 1, 2011, and April 30, 2015, at the Cancer Institute Hospital of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research. Our study assessed adherence… More >

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