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  • Open Access



    O. M. Oyewolaa,b,*, O. S. Ismailb, J. O. Bosomob

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.17, No.1, pp. 1-5, 2021, DOI:10.5098/hmt.17.8

    Abstract This paper investigates possible inherent modifications of the radiative heat source term due to the influence of turbulence in the thermal radiation field of a gas turbine combustor flame. Adapting a flame temperature of 2000[K], COMSOL Multiphysics software was utilized to numerically simulate the process, assuming a gray gas participating medium with absorption coefficient of 0.03[m-1]. The analysis of the results for five (5) different radial cut sections of the simulated combustor chamber shows that turbulence-radiation interactions cause radiative heat losses from the flame, with the divergence of the radiative heat flux having a deviation factor of 3.48, and a… More >

  • Open Access


    A Novel Method to Enhance the Inversion Speed and Precision of the NMR T2 Spectrum by the TSVD Based Linearized Bregman Iteration

    Yiguo Chen1,2,3,*, Congjun Feng1,2, Yonghong He3, Zhijun Chen3, Xiaowei Fan3, Chao Wang3, Xinmin Ge4

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.136, No.3, pp. 2451-2463, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.021145

    Abstract The low-field nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technique has been used to probe the pore size distribution and the fluid composition in geophysical prospecting and related fields. However, the speed and accuracy of the existing numerical inversion methods are still challenging due to the ill-posed nature of the first kind Fredholm integral equation and the contamination of the noises. This paper proposes a novel inversion algorithm to accelerate the convergence and enhance the precision using empirical truncated singular value decompositions (TSVD) and the linearized Bregman iteration. The L1 penalty term is applied to construct the objective function, and then the linearized… More > Graphic Abstract

    A Novel Method to Enhance the Inversion Speed and Precision of the NMR T<sub>2</sub> Spectrum by the TSVD Based Linearized Bregman Iteration

  • Open Access


    Image Representations of Numerical Simulations for Training Neural Networks

    Yiming Zhang1,*, Zhiran Gao1, Xueya Wang1, Qi Liu2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.134, No.2, pp. 821-833, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.022088

    Abstract A large amount of data can partly assure good fitting quality for the trained neural networks. When the quantity of experimental or on-site monitoring data is commonly insufficient and the quality is difficult to control in engineering practice, numerical simulations can provide a large amount of controlled high quality data. Once the neural networks are trained by such data, they can be used for predicting the properties/responses of the engineering objects instantly, saving the further computing efforts of simulation tools. Correspondingly, a strategy for efficiently transferring the input and output data used and obtained in numerical simulations to neural networks… More >

  • Open Access


    Numerical Simulations of One-Directional Fractional Pharmacokinetics Model

    Nursyazwani Mohamad Noor1, Siti Ainor Mohd Yatim1,*, Nur Intan Raihana Ruhaiyem2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.3, pp. 4923-4934, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.030414

    Abstract In this paper, we present a three-compartment of pharmacokinetics model with irreversible rate constants. The compartment consists of arterial blood, tissues and venous blood. Fick’s principle and the law of mass action were used to develop the model based on the diffusion process. The model is modified into a fractional pharmacokinetics model with the sense of Caputo derivative. The existence and uniqueness of the model are investigated and the positivity of the model is established. The behaviour of the model is investigated by implementing numerical algorithms for the numerical solution of the system of fractional differential equations. MATLAB software is… More >

  • Open Access


    Experimental and Numerical Analysis of the Relationship between Pressure and Drip Rate in a Vertical Polypropylene Infusion Bag

    Weiwei Duan*, Lingfeng Tang

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.17, No.6, pp. 1143-1164, 2021, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2021.016692

    Abstract Vertical infusion (self-emptying) bags used for Intravenous infusion are typically obtained by moulding a soft envelope of polypropylene. In normal conditions a continuous flow of liquid can be obtained with no need to use a pump. In the present study, the relationship between air pressure effects and the drug drip rate have been investigated experimentally and numerically. After determining relevant experimental data about the descending height of liquid level, the dropping speed and pressure, the ordinary least square method and MATLAB have been used to reconstruct the related variation and interrelation laws. Numerical simulations have been performed to determine the… More >

  • Open Access


    Investigation on the Changing Characteristics of Flow-Induced Noise in a Centrifugal Pump

    Guanpeng Li1, Lihui Sun2, Zhaoyang Wang1, Chunguo An1, Chang Guo3,*, Shen Cheng3, Ming Gao2,*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.17, No.5, pp. 989-1001, 2021, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2021.016507

    Abstract Centrifugal pumps are widely used in engineering for a variety of applications. A known drawback of these devices is the high-level noise generated during operations, which can affect their stability and adversely influence the entire working environment. By combining the Powell vortex sound theory, numerical simulations and experimental measurements, this research explores the trends of variation and the corresponding underlying mechanisms for the flow-induced noise at various locations and under different operating conditions. It is shown that the total sound source intensity (TSSI) and total sound pressure level (TSPL) in the impeller, in the region between the inlet to the… More >

  • Open Access


    A Novel Design of Octal-Valued Logic Full Adder Using Light Color State Model

    Ahmed Talal, Osama Abu-Elnasr*, Samir Elmougy

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.67, No.3, pp. 3487-3503, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.015759

    Abstract Due to the demand of high computational speed for processing big data that requires complex data manipulations in a timely manner, the need for extending classical logic to construct new multi-valued optical models becomes a challenging and promising research area. This paper establishes a novel octal-valued logic design model with new optical gates construction based on the hypothesis of Light Color State Model to provide an efficient solution to the limitations of computational processing inherent in the electronics computing. We provide new mathematical definitions for both of the binary OR function and the PLUS operation in multi valued logic that… More >

  • Open Access


    Numerical Simulations of Hydromagnetic Mixed Convection Flow of Nanofluids inside a Triangular Cavity on the Basis of a Two-Component Nonhomogeneous Mathematical Model

    Khadija A. Al-Hassani1, M. S. Alam2, M. M. Rahman1,*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.17, No.1, pp. 1-20, 2021, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2021.013497

    Abstract Nanofluids have enjoyed a widespread use in many technological applications due to their peculiar properties. Numerical simulations are presented about the unsteady behavior of mixed convection of Fe3O4-water, Fe3O4- kerosene, Fe3O4-ethylene glycol, and Fe3O4-engine oil nanofluids inside a lid-driven triangular cavity. In particular, a two-component non-homogeneous nanofluid model is used. The bottom wall of the enclosure is insulated, whereas the inclined wall is kept a constant (cold) temperature and various temperature laws are assumed for the vertical wall, namely: θ = 1(Case 1), θ = Y(1 – Y)(Case 2), and θ = sin(2πY)(Case 3). A tilted magnetic field of uniform… More >

  • Open Access


    Modelling the Effect of Self-Immunity and the Impacts of Asymptomatic and Symptomatic Individuals on COVID-19 Outbreak

    M. H. A. Biswas1,*, M. A. Islam1, S. Akter2, S. Mandal2, M. S. Khatun1, S. A. Samad1, A. K. Paul1, M. R. Khatun1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.125, No.3, pp. 1033-1060, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2020.012792

    Abstract COVID-19 is one of the most highly infectious diseases ever emerged and caused by newly discovered severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It has already led the entire world to health and economic crisis. It has invaded the whole universe all most every way. The present study demonstrates with a nine mutually exclusive compartmental model on transmission dynamics of this pandemic disease (COVID-19), with special focus on the transmissibility of symptomatic and asymptomatic infection from susceptible individuals. Herein, the compartmental model has been investigated with mathematical analysis and computer simulations in order to understand the dynamics of COVID-19 transmission.… More >

  • Open Access


    RANS Simulation for the Maneuvering and Control of a Suboff Submarine Model

    Jinyu Ren, Dezhi Xu, Jing Xu*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.16, No.3, pp. 561-572, 2020, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2020.09791

    Abstract Submarine maneuverability has been analyzed by means of computational fluid dynamics (CFD). This approach provides an alternative, accurate, and cost-effective method for simulating actual flow. The numerical results show that the numerical simulation of the viscous flow related to a moving submarine based on the RANS equation with a relevant turbulence model can not only provide rich flow field details such as flow separation, but also accurately predict its hydrodynamic performance. The present study indicates that CFD can be used to forecast the submarine’s maneuverability in the initial design stage. The present results will be used in the future as… More >

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