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  • Open Access


    Collaborative Charging Scheduling in Wireless Charging Sensor Networks

    Qiuyang Wang, Zhen Xu*, Lei Yang

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 1613-1630, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047915

    Abstract Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have the trouble of limited battery power, and wireless charging provides a promising solution to this problem, which is not easily affected by the external environment. In this paper, we study the recharging of sensors in wireless rechargeable sensor networks (WRSNs) by scheduling two mobile chargers (MCs) to collaboratively charge sensors. We first formulate a novel sensor charging scheduling problem with the objective of maximizing the number of surviving sensors, and further propose a collaborative charging scheduling algorithm (CCSA) for WRSNs. In the scheme, the sensors are divided into important sensors More >

  • Open Access


    An Adaptive Hate Speech Detection Approach Using Neutrosophic Neural Networks for Social Media Forensics

    Yasmine M. Ibrahim1,2, Reem Essameldin3, Saad M. Darwish1,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 243-262, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047840

    Abstract Detecting hate speech automatically in social media forensics has emerged as a highly challenging task due to the complex nature of language used in such platforms. Currently, several methods exist for classifying hate speech, but they still suffer from ambiguity when differentiating between hateful and offensive content and they also lack accuracy. The work suggested in this paper uses a combination of the Whale Optimization Algorithm (WOA) and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) to adjust the weights of two Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLPs) for neutrosophic sets classification. During the training process of the MLP, the WOA is More >

  • Open Access


    Contrastive Consistency and Attentive Complementarity for Deep Multi-View Subspace Clustering

    Jiao Wang, Bin Wu*, Hongying Zhang

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 143-160, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046011

    Abstract Deep multi-view subspace clustering (DMVSC) based on self-expression has attracted increasing attention due to its outstanding performance and nonlinear application. However, most existing methods neglect that view-private meaningless information or noise may interfere with the learning of self-expression, which may lead to the degeneration of clustering performance. In this paper, we propose a novel framework of Contrastive Consistency and Attentive Complementarity (CCAC) for DMVsSC. CCAC aligns all the self-expressions of multiple views and fuses them based on their discrimination, so that it can effectively explore consistent and complementary information for achieving precise clustering. Specifically, the More >

  • Open Access


    Adaptive Segmentation for Unconstrained Iris Recognition

    Mustafa AlRifaee1, Sally Almanasra2,*, Adnan Hnaif3, Ahmad Althunibat3, Mohammad Abdallah3, Thamer Alrawashdeh3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 1591-1609, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.043520

    Abstract In standard iris recognition systems, a cooperative imaging framework is employed that includes a light source with a near-infrared wavelength to reveal iris texture, look-and-stare constraints, and a close distance requirement to the capture device. When these conditions are relaxed, the system’s performance significantly deteriorates due to segmentation and feature extraction problems. Herein, a novel segmentation algorithm is proposed to correctly detect the pupil and limbus boundaries of iris images captured in unconstrained environments. First, the algorithm scans the whole iris image in the Hue Saturation Value (HSV) color space for local maxima to detect… More >

  • Open Access


    Selective and Adaptive Incremental Transfer Learning with Multiple Datasets for Machine Fault Diagnosis

    Kwok Tai Chui1,*, Brij B. Gupta2,3,4,5,6,*, Varsha Arya7,8,9, Miguel Torres-Ruiz10

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 1363-1379, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046762

    Abstract The visions of Industry 4.0 and 5.0 have reinforced the industrial environment. They have also made artificial intelligence incorporated as a major facilitator. Diagnosing machine faults has become a solid foundation for automatically recognizing machine failure, and thus timely maintenance can ensure safe operations. Transfer learning is a promising solution that can enhance the machine fault diagnosis model by borrowing pre-trained knowledge from the source model and applying it to the target model, which typically involves two datasets. In response to the availability of multiple datasets, this paper proposes using selective and adaptive incremental transfer… More >

  • Open Access


    Improving Video Watermarking through Galois Field GF(24) Multiplication Tables with Diverse Irreducible Polynomials and Adaptive Techniques

    Yasmin Alaa Hassan1,*, Abdul Monem S. Rahma2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 1423-1442, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046149

    Abstract Video watermarking plays a crucial role in protecting intellectual property rights and ensuring content authenticity. This study delves into the integration of Galois Field (GF) multiplication tables, especially GF(24), and their interaction with distinct irreducible polynomials. The primary aim is to enhance watermarking techniques for achieving imperceptibility, robustness, and efficient execution time. The research employs scene selection and adaptive thresholding techniques to streamline the watermarking process. Scene selection is used strategically to embed watermarks in the most vital frames of the video, while adaptive thresholding methods ensure that the watermarking process adheres to imperceptibility criteria, maintaining… More >

  • Open Access


    Local Adaptive Gradient Variance Attack for Deep Fake Fingerprint Detection

    Chengsheng Yuan1,2, Baojie Cui1,2, Zhili Zhou3, Xinting Li4,*, Qingming Jonathan Wu5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 899-914, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.045854

    Abstract In recent years, deep learning has been the mainstream technology for fingerprint liveness detection (FLD) tasks because of its remarkable performance. However, recent studies have shown that these deep fake fingerprint detection (DFFD) models are not resistant to attacks by adversarial examples, which are generated by the introduction of subtle perturbations in the fingerprint image, allowing the model to make fake judgments. Most of the existing adversarial example generation methods are based on gradient optimization, which is easy to fall into local optimal, resulting in poor transferability of adversarial attacks. In addition, the perturbation added… More >

  • Open Access


    ProNet Adaptive Retinal Vessel Segmentation Algorithm Based on Improved UperNet Network

    Sijia Zhu1,*, Pinxiu Wang2, Ke Shen1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 283-302, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.045506

    Abstract This paper proposes a new network structure, namely the ProNet network. Retinal medical image segmentation can help clinical diagnosis of related eye diseases and is essential for subsequent rational treatment. The baseline model of the ProNet network is UperNet (Unified perceptual parsing Network), and the backbone network is ConvNext (Convolutional Network). A network structure based on depth-separable convolution and 1 × 1 convolution is used, which has good performance and robustness. We further optimise ProNet mainly in two aspects. One is data enhancement using increased noise and slight angle rotation, which can significantly increase the… More >

  • Open Access


    Structured Multi-Head Attention Stock Index Prediction Method Based Adaptive Public Opinion Sentiment Vector

    Cheng Zhao1, Zhe Peng2, Xuefeng Lan3, Yuefeng Cen4, Zuxin Wang5,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 1503-1523, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.039232

    Abstract The present study examines the impact of short-term public opinion sentiment on the secondary market, with a focus on the potential for such sentiment to cause dramatic stock price fluctuations and increase investment risk. The quantification of investment sentiment indicators and the persistent analysis of their impact has been a complex and significant area of research. In this paper, a structured multi-head attention stock index prediction method based adaptive public opinion sentiment vector is proposed. The proposed method utilizes an innovative approach to transform numerous investor comments on social platforms over time into public opinion… More >

  • Open Access


    Heterophilic Graph Neural Network Based on Spatial and Frequency Domain Adaptive Embedding Mechanism

    Lanze Zhang, Yijun Gu*, Jingjie Peng

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 1701-1731, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.045129

    Abstract Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) play a significant role in tasks related to homophilic graphs. Traditional GNNs, based on the assumption of homophily, employ low-pass filters for neighboring nodes to achieve information aggregation and embedding. However, in heterophilic graphs, nodes from different categories often establish connections, while nodes of the same category are located further apart in the graph topology. This characteristic poses challenges to traditional GNNs, leading to issues of “distant node modeling deficiency” and “failure of the homophily assumption”. In response, this paper introduces the Spatial-Frequency domain Adaptive Heterophilic Graph Neural Networks (SFA-HGNN), which… More >

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