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• Open Access

ARTICLE

### FLUID FLOW AND HEAT TRANSFER OVER A STRETCHING SHEET WITH TEMPERATURE DEPENDENT PRANDTL NUMBER AND VISCOSITY

Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.15, No.1, pp. 1-8, 2020, DOI:10.5098/hmt.15.20

Abstract A numerical study of fluid flow over stretching sheet with temperature dependent properties has been performed induced by mixed convection. The significant variation of the Prandtl number and viscosity in the temperature is observed [see table 1]. Viscosity and Prandtl number are vary in inverse of the linear function. The physical problem modeled in the mathematical equations in dimension form, which is converted to the non-dimensional equations by applying similarity transformations and suitable boundary conditions. The mathematical modelling problem is transformed PDE’s are numerically solved using Quasilinearization technique and FDM. The current numerical data has been presented in terms of… More >

• Open Access

ARTICLE

### CFD ANALYSIS OF FREE CONVECTION IN NON-DARCIAN POROUS MEDIUM AND COMPARISON WITH SIMILARITY APPROACH

Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.17, No.1, pp. 1-6, 2021, DOI:10.5098/hmt.17.7

Abstract In this work, a numerical simulation of steady and laminar free convection flow over a heated vertical flat plate embedded in a saturated porous medium by a Newtonian fluid is presented and analyzed. The Brinkman-Forchheimer extension of Darcy’s law has been adopted to describe the movement of fluid within the porous matrix. A numerical solution of the governing continuity, momentum and energy equations was made with the appropriate boundary conditions using ANSYS/FLUENT software based on finite volume method. The found results are graphically presented and physically discussed for main controling parameters. Subsequently, we compared our CFD calculation by the results… More >

• Open Access

ARTICLE

### STEADY MHD FLOW OVER A YAWED CYLINDER WITH MASS TRANSFER

Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.17, No.1, pp. 1-8, 2021, DOI:10.5098/hmt.17.4

Abstract This paper examines the steady magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) flow of water over a yawed cylinder with variable fluid properties and non-uniform mass transfer. The impact of viscous dissipation is taken into consideration. The velocity and temperature fields are governed by coupled nonlinear partial differential equations together with boundary constraints. These governing equations are converted to dimensionless form with suitable non-similar transformations and then solved using an implicit finite difference method and the quasi-linearization technique. The results indicate that the yaw angle enhancement declines the skin friction coefficient in the axial direction and the heat transfer coefficient. It is also ascertained that… More >

• Open Access

ARTICLE

### CASSON FLUID FLOW DUE TO STRETCHING SHEET WITH MAGNETIC EFFECT AND VARIABLE THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY

Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.18, No.1, pp. 1-6, 2022, DOI:10.5098/hmt.18.36

Abstract The present paper investigates the impacts of heat transfer and magnetic field on the boundary layer flow of Casson fluid over a linearly stretching sheet. The researchers have introduced analytical and numerical solutions for the momentum and energy equations by transforming the equations into the system of ordinary differential equations with the aid of the similarity transformations technique. The velocity and temperature profiles for pertinent constraints like Casson fluid constraint, Chandrasekhar number, Prandtl number, and thermal conductivity are presented through graphs. The influence of the wall shear stress and the Prandtl number increases while the boundary layer thickness decreases. Further,… More >

• Open Access

ARTICLE

### A Variational Multiscale Method for Particle Dispersion Modeling in the Atmosphere

FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.3, pp. 743-753, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.021848

Abstract A LES model is proposed to predict the dispersion of particles in the atmosphere in the context of Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) applications. The code relies on the Finite Element Method (FEM) for both the fluid and the dispersed solid phases. Starting from the Navier-Stokes equations and a general description of the FEM strategy, the Streamline Upwind Petrov-Galerkin (SUPG) method is formulated putting some emphasis on the related assembly matrix and stabilization coefficients. Then, the Variational Multiscale Method (VMS) is presented together with a detailed illustration of its algorithm and hierarchy of computational steps. It is demonstrated that… More >

• Open Access

ARTICLE

### Experimental Study on Heavy Oil Drag Reduction in Horizontal Pipelines by Water Annular Conveying

FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.1, pp. 81-91, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.016640

Abstract Transportation of heavy oil by the so-called water-ring technique is a very promising method by which pressure drop and pollution can be significantly reduced. Dedicated experiments have been carried out by changing the phase’s density, viscosity, velocity and interfacial tension to systematically analyze the characteristics of the water ring. On the basis of such experimental data, a mathematical model for pressure drop prediction has been introduced. This research shows that as long as the density of oil and water remains the same, a concentric water ring can effectively be formed. In such conditions, the oil-water viscosity difference has little effect… More >

• Open Access

ARTICLE

### Analysis of Convective Transport of Temperature-Dependent Viscosity for Non-Newtonian Erying Powell Fluid: A Numerical Approach

CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 675-689, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012334

Abstract Non-Newtonian is a type of fluid that does not comply with the viscosity under the Law of Newton and is being widely used in industrial applications. These include those related to chemical industries, cosmetics manufacturing, pharmaceutical field, food processing, as well as oil and gas activities. The inability of the conventional equations of Navier–Stokes to accurately depict rheological behavior for certain fluids led to an emergence study for non-Newtonian fluids’ models. In line with this, a mathematical model of forced convective flow on non-Newtonian Eyring Powell fluid under temperature-dependent viscosity (TDV) circumstance is formulated. The fluid model is embedded with… More >

• Open Access

ARTICLE

### MHD Boundary Layer Flow of a Power-Law Nanofluid Containing Gyrotactic Microorganisms Over an Exponentially Stretching Surface

CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.62, No.2, pp. 525-549, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.08576

Abstract This study focusses on the numerical investigations of boundary layer flow for magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) and a power-law nanofluid containing gyrotactic microorganisms on an exponentially stretching surface with zero nanoparticle mass flux and convective heating. The nonlinear system of the governing equations is transformed and solved by Runge-Kutta-Fehlberg method. The impacts of the transverse magnetic field, bioconvection parameters, Lewis number, nanofluid parameters, Prandtl number and power-law index on the velocity, temperature, nanoparticle volume fraction, density of motile microorganism profiles is explored. In addition, the impacts of these parameters on local skin-friction coefficient, local Nusselt, local Sherwood numbers and local density number… More >

• Open Access

ARTICLE

### Entropy Generation for Flow and Heat Transfer of Sisko-Fluid Over an Exponentially Stretching Surface

CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.62, No.1, pp. 37-59, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.08488

Abstract In the present study, the effects of the magnetic field on the entropy generation during fluid flow and heat transfer of a Sisko-fluid over an exponentially stretching surface are considered. The similarity transformations are used to transfer the governing partial differential equations into a set of nonlinear-coupled ordinary differential equations. Runge-Kutta-Fehlberg method is used to solve the governing problem. The effects of magnetic field parameter M, local slip parameter λ, generalized Biot number γ, Sisko fluid material parameter A, Eckert number Ec, Prandtl number Pr and Brinkman number Br at two values of power law index on the velocity, temperature,… More >

• Open Access

ABSTRACT

### The regularized indirect algorithm in BEM for calculating values on and near boundaries

The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.20, No.4, pp. 105-106, 2011, DOI:10.3970/icces.2011.020.105

Abstract The calculation of field values and their derivatives near the domain boundary through the boundary element method (BEM) will meet the nearly singularity problem, i.e. the boundary layer effect problem. The tangential derivatives of field values on the boundary often meet an obvious deduction of calculation accuracy. An effective algorithm was proposed by Chen et al. [1,2] to treat these two problems in the same time in elastic BEM and it was recently extended to calculate the second derivative values in potential problem [3]. This algorithm is based on the regularized formulations and is now called the regularized indirect algorithm.… More >

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