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  • Open Access


    Comparison of Hemodynamic Endpoints between Normal Subject and Tetralogy Patient Using Womersley Velocity Profile and MR Based Flow Measurements

    Ashish Das, William M. Gottliebson†,‡, Madhura Karve, Rupak Banerjee∗,§,¶

    Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics, Vol.8, No.1, pp. 21-42, 2011, DOI:10.3970/mcb.2011.008.021

    Abstract Right ventricular (RV) enlargement and pulmonary valve insufficiency (PI) are well-known, unavoidable long term sequelae encountered by patients who undergo tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) surgery. Despite their lifelong need for cardiac surveillance and occasional re-intervention, there is a paucity of numerical data characterizing blood flows in their pulmonary arteries (PA). Specifically, although PA regurgitation is well-known to be ubiquitously present in adult repaired TOF (rTOF) patients yet, there have been only limited numerical studies to fully characterize this process. The few studies available have utilized idealized, simplistic geometric models or overly simplistic boundary conditions that… More >

  • Open Access


    A Novel Reversible Data Hiding Scheme Based on Lesion Extraction and with Contrast Enhancement for Medical Images

    Xingxing Xiao1, Yang1,*, Rui Li2, Weiming Zhang3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.60, No.1, pp. 101-115, 2019, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2019.05293

    Abstract The medical industry develops rapidly as science and technology advance. People benefit from medical resource sharing, but suffer from privacy leaks at the same time. In order to protect patients’ privacy and improve quality of medical images, a novel reversible data hiding (RDH) scheme based on lesion extraction and with contrast enhancement is proposed. Furthermore, the proposed scheme can enhance the contrast of medial image's lesion area directly and embed high-capacity privacy data reversibly. Different from previous segmentation methods, this scheme first adopts distance regularized level set evolution (DRLSE) to extract lesion and targets at… More >

  • Open Access


    A Novel Method for Solving Ill-conditioned Systems of Linear Equations with Extreme Physical Property Contrasts

    Cheng-Yu Ku1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.96, No.6, pp. 409-434, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2013.096.409

    Abstract This paper proposes a novel method, named the dynamical Jacobianinverse free method (DJIFM), with the incorporation of a two-sided equilibrium algorithm for solving ill-conditioned systems of linear equations with extreme physical property contrasts. The DJIFM is based on the construction of a scalar homotopy function for transforming the vector function of linear or nonlinear algebraic equations into a time-dependent scalar function by introducing a fictitious time-like variable. The DJIFM demonstrated great numerical stability for solving linear or nonlinear algebraic equations, particularly for systems involving ill-conditioned Jacobian or poor initial values that cause convergence problems. With More >

  • Open Access


    A Computational Method Based on Augmented Lagrangians and Fast Fourier Transforms for Composites with High Contrast

    J.C. Michel1, H. Moulinec, P. Suquet

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.1, No.2, pp. 79-88, 2000, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2000.001.239

    Abstract An iterative numerical method based on Fast Fourier Transforms has been proposed by \cite{MOU98} to investigate the effective properties of periodic composites. This iterative method is based on the exact expression of the Green function for a linear elastic, homogeneous reference material. When dealing with linear phases, the number of iterations required to reach convergence is proportional to the contrast between the phases properties, and convergence is therefore not ensured in the case of composites with infinite contrast (those containing voids or rigid inclusions or highly nonlinear materials). It is proposed in this study to… More >

  • Open Access


    Retinal Vessel Extraction Framework Using Modified Adaboost Extreme Learning Machine

    B. V. Santhosh Krishna1, *, T. Gnanasekaran2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.60, No.3, pp. 855-869, 2019, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2019.07585

    Abstract An explicit extraction of the retinal vessel is a standout amongst the most significant errands in the field of medical imaging to analyze both the ophthalmological infections, for example, Glaucoma, Diabetic Retinopathy (DR), Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP), Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) as well as non retinal sickness such as stroke, hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. The state of the retinal vasculature is a significant indicative element in the field of ophthalmology. Retinal vessel extraction in fundus imaging is a difficult task because of varying size vessels, moderately low distinction, and presence of pathologies such as hemorrhages,… More >

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