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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Research on SFLA-Based Bidirectional Coordinated Control Strategy for EV Battery Swapping Station

    Guo Zhao1,2, Jiang Guo1,2, Hao Qiang3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.53, No.4, pp. 343-356, 2017, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2017.053.343

    Abstract As a good measure to tackle the challenges from energy shortages and environmental pollution, Electric Vehicles (EVs) have entered a period of rapid growth. Battery swapping station is a very important way of energy supply to EVs, and it is urgently needed to explore a coordinated control strategy to effectively smooth the load fluctuation in order to adopt the large-scale EVs. Considering bidirectional power flow between the station and power grid, this paper proposed a SFLA-based control strategy to smooth the load profile. Finally, compared simulations were performed according to the related data. Compared to More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Real-time Monitoring Technique for Local Plasticity in Metals Based on Lamb Waves and a Directional Actuator/Sensor Set

    Y. L. Liu1, N. Hu2, H. Xu3, H. Ning1, L. K. Wu1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.40, No.1, pp. 1-20, 2014, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2014.040.001

    Abstract A real-time monitoring technique for local plasticity using Lamb waves was developed. Tensile test of a thin aluminum plate with a circular hole where high stress concentration was induced was conducted to verify this technique. During the tensile test, a series of wave signals passing through the local plastic region were collected using a directional actuator/sensor set to monitor plasticity evolution. A pulse compression technique was used to process the wave signals. With the increase of tensile stress in the specimen, the amplitude changes of S0 and A0 modes were obtained and the difference of Lamb… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Stochastic Macro Material Properties, Through Direct Stochastic Modeling of Heterogeneous Microstructures with Randomness of Constituent Properties and Topologies, by Using Trefftz Computational Grains (TCG)

    Leiting Dong1,2, Salah H. Gamal3, Satya N. Atluri2,4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.37, No.1, pp. 1-21, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2013.037.001

    Abstract In this paper, a simple and reliable procedure of stochastic computation is combined with the highly accurate and efficient Trefftz Computational Grains (TCG), for a direct numerical simulation (DNS) of heterogeneous materials with microscopic randomness. Material properties of each material phase, and geometrical properties such as particles sizes and distribution, are considered to be stochastic with either a uniform or normal probabilistic distributions. The objective here is to determine how this microscopic randomness propagates to the macroscopic scale, and affects the stochastic characteristics of macroscopic material properties. Four steps are included in this procedure: (1)… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Global Nonlinear Galerkin Method for the Solution of von Karman Nonlinear Plate Equations: An Optimal & Faster Iterative Method for the Direct Solution of Nonlinear Algebraic Equations F(x) = 0, using x· = λ[αF + (1 - α)BTF]

    Hong-Hua Dai1,2, Jeom Kee Paik3, S. N. Atluri2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.23, No.2, pp. 155-186, 2011, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2011.023.155

    Abstract The application of the Galerkin method, using global trial functions which satisfy the boundary conditions, to nonlinear partial differential equations such as those in the von Karman nonlinear plate theory, is well-known. Such an approach using trial function expansions involving multiple basis functions, leads to a highly coupled system of nonlinear algebraic equations (NAEs). The derivation of such a system of NAEs and their direct solutions have hitherto been considered to be formidable tasks. Thus, research in the last 40 years has been focused mainly on the use of local trial functions and the Galerkin… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Global Nonlinear Galerkin Method for the Analysis of Elastic Large Deflections of Plates under Combined Loads: A Scalar Homotopy Method for the Direct Solution of Nonlinear Algebraic Equations

    Hong-Hua Dai1,2, Jeom Kee Paik3, Satya N. Atluri2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.23, No.1, pp. 69-100, 2011, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2011.023.069

    Abstract In this paper, the global nonlinear Galerkin method is used to perform an accurate and efficient analysis of the large deflection behavior of a simply-supported rectangular plate under combined loads. Through applying the Galerkin method to the governing nonlinear partial differential equations (PDEs) of the plate, we derive a system of coupled third order nonlinear algebraic equations (NAEs). However, the resultant system of NAEs is thought to be hard to tackle because one has to find the one physical solution from among the possible multiple solutions. Therefore, a suitable initial guess is required to lead… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Direct Coupling of Natural Boundary Element and Finite Element on Elastic Plane Problems in Unbounded Domains

    Zhao Huiming1, Dong Zhengzhu1, Chen Jiarui1, Yang Min1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.21, No.3, pp. 209-216, 2011, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2011.021.209

    Abstract The advantages of coupling of a natural boundary element method and a finite element method are introduced. Then we discuss the principle of the direct coupling of NBEM and FEM and its implementation. The comparison of the results between the direct coupling method and FEM proves that the direct coupling method is simple, feasible and valid in practice. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    On Solving the Direct/Inverse Cauchy Problems of Laplace Equation in a Multiply Connected Domain, Using the Generalized Multiple-Source-Point Boundary-Collocation Trefftz Method &Characteristic Lengths

    Weichung Yeih1, Chein-Shan Liu2, Chung-Lun Kuo3, Satya N. Atluri4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.17, No.3, pp. 275-302, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2010.017.275

    Abstract In this paper, a multiple-source-point boundary-collocation Trefftz method, with characteristic lengths being introduced in the basis functions, is proposed to solve the direct, as well as inverse Cauchy problems of the Laplace equation for a multiply connected domain. When a multiply connected domain with genus p (p>1) is considered, the conventional Trefftz method (T-Trefftz method) will fail since it allows only one source point, but the representation of solution using only one source point is impossible. We propose to relax this constraint by allowing many source points in the formulation. To set up a complete… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Effect of the Geometrical Non-Linearity on the Stress Distribution in the Infinite Elastic Body with a Periodically Curved Row of Fibers

    Surkay D. Akbarov1,2, Resat Kosker3, Yasemen Ucan3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.17, No.2, pp. 77-102, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2010.017.077

    Abstract In the framework of the piecewise homogeneous body model with the use of the three-dimensional geometrically non-linear exact equations of the theory of elasticity, the method for determination of the stress-strain state in the infinite body containing periodically located row of periodically curved fibers is developed. It is assumed that the midlines of the fibers are in the same plane. With respect to the location of the fibers according to each other the sinphase and antiphase curving cases are considered. Numerical results on the effect of the geometrical non-linearity to the values of the self More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Finite Element Simulations of Four-holes Indirect Extrusion Processes of Seamless Tube

    Dyi-Cheng1, Syuan-Yi Syong1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.13, No.3, pp. 191-200, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2009.013.191

    Abstract Finite element simulations are performed to investigate the plastic deformation behavior of Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy during its indirect extrusion through a four-hole die. The simulations assume the die, mandrel and container to be rigid bodies and ignore the temperature change induced during the extrusion process. Under various extrusion conditions, the present numerical analysis investigates the effective stress and profile of product at the exit. The relative influences of the friction factors, the temperature of billet and the eccentricity of four-hole displacement are systematically examined. The simulations focus specifically on the effects of the friction factor, More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Direct Forcing Immersed Boundary Method Based Lattice Boltzmann Method to Simulate Flows with Complex Geometry

    Cheng-Hsiu Yang1, Cheng Chang1, Chao-An Lin1,2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.11, No.3, pp. 209-228, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2009.011.209

    Abstract In the present study, a lattice Boltzmann method based new immersed boundary technique is proposed for simulating two-dimensional viscous incompressible flows interacting with stationary and moving solid boundaries. The lattice Boltzmann method with known force field is used to simulate the flow where the complex geometry is immersed inside the computational domain. This is achieved via direct-momentum forcing on a Cartesian grid by combining "solid-body forcing" at solid nodes and interpolation on neighboring fluid nodes. The proposed method is examined by simulating decaying vortex, 2D flow over an asymmetrically placed cylinder, and in-line oscillating cylinder More >

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