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  • Open Access


    An Optimal Framework for Alzheimer’s Disease Diagnosis

    Amer Alsaraira1,*, Samer Alabed1, Eyad Hamad1, Omar Saraereh2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.1, pp. 165-177, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.036950

    Abstract Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a kind of progressive dementia that is frequently accompanied by brain shrinkage. With the use of the morphological characteristics of MRI brain scans, this paper proposed a method for diagnosing moderate cognitive impairment (MCI) and AD. The anatomical features of 818 subjects were calculated using the FreeSurfer software, and the data were taken from the ADNI dataset. These features were first removed from the dataset after being preprocessed with an age correction algorithm using linear regression to estimate the effects of normal aging. With these preprocessed characteristics, the extreme learning machine served as a classifier for… More >

  • Open Access


    Simulated Annealing with Deep Learning Based Tongue Image Analysis for Heart Disease Diagnosis

    S. Sivasubramaniam*, S. P. Balamurugan

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.1, pp. 111-126, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.035199

    Abstract Tongue image analysis is an efficient and non-invasive technique to determine the internal organ condition of a patient in oriental medicine, for example, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), Japanese traditional herbal medicine, and traditional Korean medicine (TKM). The diagnosis procedure is mainly based on the expert's knowledge depending upon the visual inspection comprising color, substance, coating, form, and motion of the tongue. But conventional tongue diagnosis has limitations since the procedure is inconsistent and subjective. Therefore, computer-aided tongue analyses have a greater potential to present objective and more consistent health assessments. This manuscript introduces a novel Simulated Annealing with Transfer Learning… More >

  • Open Access


    Optimal Deep Belief Network Based Lung Cancer Detection and Survival Rate Prediction

    Sindhuja Manickavasagam1,*, Poonkuzhali Sugumaran2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.45, No.1, pp. 939-953, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.030491

    Abstract The combination of machine learning (ML) approaches in healthcare is a massive advantage designed at curing illness of millions of persons. Several efforts are used by researchers for detecting and providing primary phase insights as to cancer analysis. Lung cancer remained the essential source of disease connected mortality for both men as well as women and their frequency was increasing around the world. Lung disease is the unrestrained progress of irregular cells which begin off in one or both Lungs. The previous detection of cancer is not simpler procedure however if it can be detected, it can be curable, also… More >

  • Open Access


    Colliding Bodies Optimization with Machine Learning Based Parkinson’s Disease Diagnosis

    Ashit Kumar Dutta1,*, Nazik M. A. Zakari2, Yasser Albagory3, Abdul Rahaman Wahab Sait4

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.44, No.3, pp. 2195-2207, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.026461

    Abstract Parkinson’s disease (PD) is one of the primary vital degenerative diseases that affect the Central Nervous System among elderly patients. It affect their quality of life drastically and millions of seniors are diagnosed with PD every year worldwide. Several models have been presented earlier to detect the PD using various types of measurement data like speech, gait patterns, etc. Early identification of PD is important owing to the fact that the patient can offer important details which helps in slowing down the progress of PD. The recently-emerging Deep Learning (DL) models can leverage the past data to detect and classify… More >

  • Open Access


    Innovative Fungal Disease Diagnosis System Using Convolutional Neural Network

    Tahir Alyas1,*, Khalid Alissa2, Abdul Salam Mohammad3, Shazia Asif4, Tauqeer Faiz5, Gulzar Ahmed6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.3, pp. 4869-4883, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.031376

    Abstract Fungal disease affects more than a billion people worldwide, resulting in different types of fungus diseases facing life-threatening infections. The outer layer of your body is called the integumentary system. Your skin, hair, nails, and glands are all part of it. These organs and tissues serve as your first line of defence against bacteria while protecting you from harm and the sun. The It serves as a barrier between the outside world and the regulated environment inside our bodies and a regulating effect. Heat, light, damage, and illness are all protected by it. Fungi-caused infections are found in almost every… More >

  • Open Access


    Transfer Learning for Disease Diagnosis from Myocardial Perfusion SPECT Imaging

    Phung Nhu Hai1, Nguyen Chi Thanh1,*, Nguyen Thanh Trung2, Tran Trung Kien1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.3, pp. 5925-5941, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.031027

    Abstract Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the most common pathological conditions and the major global cause of death. Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) using single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is a non-invasive method and plays an essential role in diagnosing CAD. However, there is currently a shortage of doctors who can diagnose using SPECT-MPI in developing countries, especially Vietnam. Research on deploying machine learning and deep learning in supporting CAD diagnosis has been noticed for a long time. However, these methods require a large dataset and are therefore time-consuming and labor-intensive. This study aims to develop a cost-effective and high-performance… More >

  • Open Access


    Intelligent Deep Learning Based Multi-Retinal Disease Diagnosis and Classification Framework

    Thavavel Vaiyapuri1, S. Srinivasan2, Mohamed Yacin Sikkandar3, T. S. Balaji4,5, Seifedine Kadry6, Maytham N. Meqdad7, Yunyoung Nam8,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.3, pp. 5543-5557, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.023919

    Abstract In past decades, retinal diseases have become more common and affect people of all age grounds over the globe. For examining retinal eye disease, an artificial intelligence (AI) based multilabel classification model is needed for automated diagnosis. To analyze the retinal malady, the system proposes a multiclass and multi-label arrangement method. Therefore, the classification frameworks based on features are explicitly described by ophthalmologists under the application of domain knowledge, which tends to be time-consuming, vulnerable generalization ability, and unfeasible in massive datasets. Therefore, the automated diagnosis of multi-retinal diseases becomes essential, which can be solved by the deep learning (DL)… More >

  • Open Access


    Rice Disease Diagnosis System (RDDS)

    Sandhya Venu Vasantha1, Shirina Samreen2,*, Yelganamoni Lakshmi Aparna3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.1, pp. 1895-1914, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.028504

    Abstract Hitherto, Rice (Oryza Sativa) has been one of the most demanding food crops in the world, cultivated in larger quantities, but loss in both quality and quantity of yield due to abiotic and biotic stresses has become a major concern. During cultivation, the crops are most prone to biotic stresses such as bacterial, viral, fungal diseases and pests. These stresses can drastically damage the crop. Lately and erroneously recognized crop diseases can increase fertilizers costs and major yield loss which results in high financial loss and adverse impact on nation’s economy. The proven methods of molecular biology can provide accurate… More >

  • Open Access


    Deep Learning Enabled Disease Diagnosis for Secure Internet of Medical Things

    Sultan Ahmad1, Shakir Khan2, Mohamed Fahad AlAjmi3, Ashit Kumar Dutta4, L. Minh Dang5, Gyanendra Prasad Joshi6, Hyeonjoon Moon6,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.1, pp. 965-979, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.025760

    Abstract In recent times, Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) gained much attention in medical services and healthcare management domain. Since healthcare sector generates massive volumes of data like personal details, historical medical data, hospitalization records, and discharging records, IoMT devices too evolved with potentials to handle such high quantities of data. Privacy and security of the data, gathered by IoMT gadgets, are major issues while transmitting or saving it in cloud. The advancements made in Artificial Intelligence (AI) and encryption techniques find a way to handle massive quantities of medical data and achieve security. In this view, the current study presents… More >

  • Open Access


    Multi-Scale Attention-Based Deep Neural Network for Brain Disease Diagnosis

    Yin Liang1,*, Gaoxu Xu1, Sadaqat ur Rehman2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.72, No.3, pp. 4645-4661, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.026999

    Abstract Whole brain functional connectivity (FC) patterns obtained from resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) have been widely used in the diagnosis of brain disorders such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Recently, an increasing number of studies have focused on employing deep learning techniques to analyze FC patterns for brain disease classification. However, the high dimensionality of the FC features and the interpretation of deep learning results are issues that need to be addressed in the FC-based brain disease classification. In this paper, we proposed a multi-scale attention-based deep neural network (MSA-DNN) model to classify FC patterns for the ASD diagnosis.… More >

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