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  • Open Access


    Research on Coordinated Development and Optimization of Distribution Networks at All Levels in Distributed Power Energy Engineering

    Zhuohan Jiang1, Jingyi Tu1, Shuncheng Liu1, Jian Peng1, Guang Ouyang2,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.7, pp. 1655-1666, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.026981

    Abstract The uncertainty of distributed generation energy has dramatically challenged the coordinated development of distribution networks at all levels. This paper focuses on the multi-time-scale regulation model of distributed generation energy under normal conditions. The simulation results of the example verify the self-optimization characteristics and the effectiveness of real-time dispatching of the distribution network control technology at all levels under multiple time scales. More >

  • Open Access


    Line Fault Detection of DC Distribution Networks Using the Artificial Neural Network

    Xunyou Zhang1,2,*, Chuanyang Liu1,3, Zuo Sun1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.7, pp. 1667-1683, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.025186

    Abstract A DC distribution network is an effective solution for increasing renewable energy utilization with distinct benefits, such as high efficiency and easy control. However, a sudden increase in the current after the occurrence of faults in the network may adversely affect network stability. This study proposes an artificial neural network (ANN)-based fault detection and protection method for DC distribution networks. The ANN is applied to a classifier for different faults on the DC line. The backpropagation neural network is used to predict the line current, and the fault detection threshold is obtained on the basis of the difference between the… More >

  • Open Access


    Analysis of Power Quality for Distribution Networks Using Active Compensator

    K. Naresh Kumar1,*, S. Srinath2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.3, pp. 2623-2638, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.031713

    Abstract This paper concentrates on compensating the power quality issues which have been increased in day-to-day life due to the enormous usage of loads with power electronic control. One such solution is compensating devices like Pension Protection Fund (PPF), Active power filter (APF), hybrid power filter (HPF), etc., which are used to overcome Power Quality (PQ) issues. The proposed method used here is an active compensator called unified power quality conditioner (UPQC) which is a combination of shunt and series type active filter connected via a common DC link. The primary objective is to investigate the behavior of the compensators in… More >

  • Open Access


    Voltage Profile Enhancement and Power Loss Reduction with Economic Feasibility Using Small Capacity Distribution Transformers

    Rasool M. Imran1,2,*, Mohammed R. Saeed1, Mohammed Amer Mohammed3, Osama A. Suhry3, Ihsan H. Abdulqadder4, Hasan Wahhab Salih5, Mohammed R. Almallah6, Firas M. F. Flaih3

    Energy Engineering, Vol.119, No.6, pp. 2447-2467, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ee.2022.021871


    Usually, rural areas can be electrified via three-phase distribution transformers with relatively large capacities. In such areas, low voltage lines are used for long distances, which cause power losses and voltage drop for different types of consumers. Reducing losses and improving voltage profiles in rural distribution networks are significant challenges for electricity distribution companies. However different solutions were proposed in the literature to overcome these challenges, most of them face difficulties when applied in the conventional distribution network. To address the above issues, an applicable solution is proposed in this paper by installing a number of small-capacity distribution transformers instead… More >

  • Open Access


    Research on Volt/Var Control of Distribution Networks Based on PPO Algorithm

    Chao Zhu1, Lei Wang1, Dai Pan1, Zifei Wang2, Tao Wang2, Licheng Wang2,*, Chengjin Ye3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.134, No.1, pp. 599-609, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.021052

    Abstract In this paper, a model free volt/var control (VVC) algorithm is developed by using deep reinforcement learning (DRL). We transform the VVC problem of distribution networks into the network framework of PPO algorithm, in order to avoid directly solving a large-scale nonlinear optimization problem. We select photovoltaic inverters as agents to adjust system voltage in a distribution network, taking the reactive power output of inverters as action variables. An appropriate reward function is designed to guide the interaction between photovoltaic inverters and the distribution network environment. OPENDSS is used to output system node voltage and network loss. This method realizes… More >

  • Open Access


    Partitioning of Water Distribution Network into District Metered Areas Using Existing Valves

    Aniket N. Sharma1, Shilpa R. Dongre1, Rajesh Gupta1, Prerna Pandey1, Neeraj Dhanraj Bokde2,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.131, No.3, pp. 1515-1537, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.018867

    Abstract Water distribution network (WDN) leakage management has received increased attention in recent years. One of the most successful leakage-control strategies is to divide the network into District Metered Areas (DMAs). As a multi-staged technique, the generation of DMAs is a difficult task in design and implementation (i.e., clustering, sectorization, and performance evaluation). Previous studies on DMAs implementation did not consider the potential use of existing valves in achieving the objective. In this work, a methodology is proposed for detecting clusters and reducing the cost of additional valves and DMA sectorization by considering existing valves as much as possible. The procedure… More >

  • Open Access


    Multifunction Battery Energy Storage System for Distribution Networks

    Omar H. Abdalla1,*, Gamal Abdel-Salam2, Azza A. A. Mostafa3

    Energy Engineering, Vol.119, No.2, pp. 569-589, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ee.2022.018693

    Abstract Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) is one of the potential solutions to increase energy system flexibility, as BESS is well suited to solve many challenges in transmission and distribution networks. Examples of distribution network’s challenges, which affect network performance, are: (i) Load disconnection or technical constraints violation, which may happen during reconfiguration after fault, (ii) Unpredictable power generation change due to Photovoltaic (PV) penetration, (iii) Undesirable PV reverse power, and (iv) Low Load Factor (LF) which may affect electricity price. In this paper, the BESS is used to support distribution networks in reconfiguration after a fault, increasing Photovoltaic (PV) penetration,… More >

  • Open Access


    Optimal Implementation of Photovoltaic and Battery Energy Storage in Distribution Networks

    Hussein Abdel-Mawgoud1, Salah Kamel1, Hegazy Rezk2,3, Tahir Khurshaid4, Sang-Bong Rhee4,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.2, pp. 1463-1481, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.017995

    Abstract Recently, implementation of Battery Energy Storage (BES) with photovoltaic (PV) array in distribution networks is becoming very popular in overall the world. Integrating PV alone in distribution networks generates variable output power during 24-hours as it depends on variable natural source. PV can be able to generate constant output power during 24-hours by installing BES with it. Therefore, this paper presents a new application of a recent metaheuristic algorithm, called Slime Mould Algorithm (SMA), to determine the best size, and location of photovoltaic alone or with battery energy storage in the radial distribution system (RDS). This algorithm is modeled from… More >

  • Open Access


    Effect of Load on Transient Performance of Unearthed and Compensated Distribution Networks

    Nehmdoh A. Sabiha*, Hend I. Alkhammash

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.28, No.3, pp. 769-784, 2021, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2021.016752

    Abstract The maximum temperature that cable insulation can withstand determines the maximum load that the cable conductor can carry, which is called cable ampacity. However, a temperature far from this value under normal load conditions affects the transients due to earth faults in the distribution network. Accordingly, error estimation in the fault location occurs, and the smart grids do not accept such errors. Considering heterogenous unearthed and compensated distribution networks, the temperature rise in different underground cables is estimated under different load conditions. These loads are full load, three quarters (3/4) load, one half (1/2) load, and one quarter (1/4) load.… More >

  • Open Access


    Earth Fault Management for Smart Grids Interconnecting Sustainable Wind Generation

    Nagy I. Elkalashy*, Sattam Al Otaibi, Salah K. Elsayed, Yasser Ahmed, Essam Hendawi, Ayman Hoballah

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.28, No.2, pp. 477-491, 2021, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2021.016558

    Abstract In this study, the active traveling-wave fault location function is incorporated into the management of earth faults for smart unearthed and compensated distribution networks associated with distributed renewable generation. Unearthed and compensated networks are implemented mainly to attain service continuity, specifically during earth faults. This advantage is valued for service continuity of grid-interconnected renewable resources. However, overcurrent-based fault indicators are not efficient in indicating the fault path in these distribution networks. Accordingly, in this study, the active traveling-wave fault location is complemented using distributed Rogowski coil-based fault passage indicators. Active traveling waves are injected by switching the neutral point of… More >

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