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  • Open Access


    Power Quality Improvement Using ANN Controller For Hybrid Power Distribution Systems

    Abdul Quawi1,*, Y. Mohamed Shuaib1, M. Manikandan2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.3, pp. 3469-3486, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.035001

    Abstract In this work, an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) based technique is suggested for classifying the faults which occur in hybrid power distribution systems. Power, which is generated by the solar and wind energy-based hybrid system, is given to the grid at the Point of Common Coupling (PCC). A boost converter along with perturb and observe (P&O) algorithm is utilized in this system to obtain a constant link voltage. In contrast, the link voltage of the wind energy conversion system (WECS) is retained with the assistance of a Proportional Integral (PI) controller. The grid synchronization is tainted with the assistance of… More >

  • Open Access


    Analysis of Power Quality for Distribution Networks Using Active Compensator

    K. Naresh Kumar1,*, S. Srinath2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.3, pp. 2623-2638, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.031713

    Abstract This paper concentrates on compensating the power quality issues which have been increased in day-to-day life due to the enormous usage of loads with power electronic control. One such solution is compensating devices like Pension Protection Fund (PPF), Active power filter (APF), hybrid power filter (HPF), etc., which are used to overcome Power Quality (PQ) issues. The proposed method used here is an active compensator called unified power quality conditioner (UPQC) which is a combination of shunt and series type active filter connected via a common DC link. The primary objective is to investigate the behavior of the compensators in… More >

  • Open Access


    Identification of Type of a Fault in Distribution System Using Shallow Neural Network with Distributed Generation

    Saurabh Awasthi*, Gagan Singh, Nafees Ahamad

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.4, pp. 811-829, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.026863

    Abstract A distributed generation system (DG) has several benefits over a traditional centralized power system. However, the protection area in the case of the distributed generator requires special attention as it encounters stability loss, failure re-closure, fluctuations in voltage, etc. And thereby, it demands immediate attention in identifying the location & type of a fault without delay especially when occurred in a small, distributed generation system, as it would adversely affect the overall system and its operation. In the past, several methods were proposed for classification and localisation of a fault in a distributed generation system. Many of those methods were… More >

  • Open Access


    Stability Analysis and Control of DC Distribution System with Electric Vehicles

    Zhijie Zheng1, Song Zhang1, Xiaolei Zhang2, Bo Yang1, Fang Yan3, Xiaoning Ge3,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.3, pp. 633-647, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2022.024081

    Abstract The DC distribution network system equipped with a large number of power electronic equipment exhibits weak damping characteristics and is prone to low-frequency and high-frequency unstable oscillations. The current interpretation of the oscillation mechanism has not been unified. Firstly, this paper established the complete state-space model of the distribution system consisting of a large number of electric vehicles, characteristic equation of the distribution network system is derived by establishing a state-space model, and simplified reduced-order equations describing the low-frequency oscillation and the high-frequency oscillation are obtained. Secondly, based on eigenvalue analysis, the oscillation modes and the influence of the key… More >

  • Open Access


    Location and Capacity Determination Method of Electric Vehicle Charging Station Based on Simulated Annealing Immune Particle Swarm Optimization

    Jiulong Sun1, Yanbo Che1,*, Ting Yang1, Jian Zhang2, Yibin Cai1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.2, pp. 367-384, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.023661

    Abstract As the number of electric vehicles (EVs) continues to grow and the demand for charging infrastructure is also increasing, how to improve the charging infrastructure has become a bottleneck restricting the development of EVs. In other words, reasonably planning the location and capacity of charging stations is important for development of the EV industry and the safe and stable operation of the power system. Considering the construction and maintenance of the charging station, the distribution network loss of the charging station, and the economic loss on the user side of the EV, this paper takes the node and capacity of… More > Graphic Abstract

    Location and Capacity Determination Method of Electric Vehicle Charging Station Based on Simulated Annealing Immune Particle Swarm Optimization

  • Open Access


    Modeling and Simulation of DVR and D-STATCOM in Presence of Wind Energy System

    Mehrdad Ahmadi Kamarposhti1,*, Ilhami Colak2, Phatiphat Thounthong3, Kei Eguchi4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.2, pp. 4547-4570, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.034082

    Abstract The present study suggests that series voltage injection is more effective than parallel current injection to improve voltage quality on the load side. The line voltage can be accurately symmetrized at the connection point by creating and controlling a series voltage component in each phase. This is more reliable and effective than parallel current injection. A dynamic voltage restorer (DVR) and a distribution static synchronous compensator (DSTATCOM) were utilized to provide the required power. The DVR is an effective and modern device utilized in parallel within the grid and can protect sensitive loads from voltage problems in the grid by… More >

  • Open Access


    Research on Volt/Var Control of Distribution Networks Based on PPO Algorithm

    Chao Zhu1, Lei Wang1, Dai Pan1, Zifei Wang2, Tao Wang2, Licheng Wang2,*, Chengjin Ye3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.134, No.1, pp. 599-609, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.021052

    Abstract In this paper, a model free volt/var control (VVC) algorithm is developed by using deep reinforcement learning (DRL). We transform the VVC problem of distribution networks into the network framework of PPO algorithm, in order to avoid directly solving a large-scale nonlinear optimization problem. We select photovoltaic inverters as agents to adjust system voltage in a distribution network, taking the reactive power output of inverters as action variables. An appropriate reward function is designed to guide the interaction between photovoltaic inverters and the distribution network environment. OPENDSS is used to output system node voltage and network loss. This method realizes… More >

  • Open Access


    Distribution Network Reconfiguration Using Hybrid Optimization Technique

    S. Arun Kumar*, S. Padma, S. Madhubalan

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.33, No.2, pp. 777-789, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.023702

    Abstract Energy management carried in a power system by configuration process is a difficult activity. So, reconfiguration has been introduced to solve this problem. Numerous optimization topologies have been utilized to solve this problem so far. However, they exhibit some drawbacks such as convergence, etc. Hence to overcome this issue, this work formulated a new hybrid optimization topology Genetic Algorithm Enabled Particle Swarm Optimization (PSOGA) to solve the energy configuration problem with low power loss in the Distribution System (DS). The proposed topology’s effectiveness was evaluated on the IEEE 33 bus Distribution System, and the results were compared to methods reported… More >

  • Open Access


    A Value-at-Risk Based Approach for PMU Placement in Distribution Systems

    Min Liu*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.119, No.2, pp. 781-800, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ee.2022.016657

    Abstract With the application of phasor measurement units (PMU) in the distribution system, it is expected that the performance of the distribution system state estimation can be improved obviously with the PMU measurements into consideration. How to appropriately place the PMUs in the distribution is therefore become an important issue due to the economical consideration. According to the concept of efficient frontier, a value-at-risk based approach is proposed to make optimal placement of PMU taking account of the uncertainty of measure errors, statistical characteristics of the pseudo measurements, and reliability of the measurement instrument. The reasonability and feasibility of the proposed… More >

  • Open Access


    An Innovative Approach for Water Distribution Systems

    Van-Phuong Ta*, Dinh-Nhon Truong, Nguyen-Thanh Nhan

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.32, No.3, pp. 1605-1615, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.022374

    Abstract Water Distribution System (WDS) is one of the important phases of the Water Treatment Plant (WTP) and plays a crucial role in plant, animal, and human life. The WDS aims not only to supply a continuous, stable water amount but also to reduce energy consumption as little as possible during operation. To keep the continuous, stable water amount, the water pressure in the pipe network of the WDS must be maintained at desired set points under the effecting of uncertainties, disturbances, and noises. For saving the energy requirement, a Variable Frequency Driver (VFD) was utilized to control the speed of… More >

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