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  • Open Access


    Energy Efficient Hyperparameter Tuned Deep Neural Network to Improve Accuracy of Near-Threshold Processor

    K. Chanthirasekaran, Raghu Gundaala*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.1, pp. 471-489, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.036130

    Abstract When it comes to decreasing margins and increasing energy efficiency in near-threshold and sub-threshold processors, timing error resilience may be viewed as a potentially lucrative alternative to examine. On the other hand, the currently employed approaches have certain restrictions, including high levels of design complexity, severe time constraints on error consolidation and propagation, and uncontaminated architectural registers (ARs). The design of near-threshold circuits, often known as NT circuits, is becoming the approach of choice for the construction of energy-efficient digital circuits. As a result of the exponentially decreased driving current, there was a reduction in performance, which was one of… More >

  • Open Access


    Energy Efficient Green Routing for UAVs Ad-Hoc Network

    M. Muthukumar1, Rajasekar Rangasamy2, Irshad Hussain3,4, Salman A. AlQahtani4,*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.1, pp. 1111-1127, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.034369

    Abstract The purpose of this article is to propose Stability-based Energy-Efficient Link-State Hybrid Routing (S-ELHR), a low latency routing protocol that aims to provide a stable mechanism for routing in unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV). The S-ELHR protocol selects a number of network nodes to create a Connected Dominating Set (CDS) using a parameter known as the Stability Metric (SM). The SM considers the node’s energy usage, connectivity time, and node’s degree. Only the highest SM nodes are chosen to form CDS. Each node declares a Willingness to indicate that it is prepared to serve as a relay for its neighbors, by… More >

  • Open Access


    Coati Optimization-Based Energy Efficient Routing Protocol for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Communication

    Hanan Abdullah Mengash1, Hamed Alqahtani2, Mohammed Maray3, Mohamed K. Nour4, Radwa Marzouk1, Mohammed Abdullah Al-Hagery5, Heba Mohsen6, Mesfer Al Duhayyim7,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.3, pp. 4805-4820, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.037810

    Abstract With the flexible deployment and high mobility of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in an open environment, they have generated considerable attention in military and civil applications intending to enable ubiquitous connectivity and foster agile communications. The difficulty stems from features other than mobile ad-hoc network (MANET), namely aerial mobility in three-dimensional space and often changing topology. In the UAV network, a single node serves as a forwarding, transmitting, and receiving node at the same time. Typically, the communication path is multi-hop, and routing significantly affects the network’s performance. A lot of effort should be invested in performance analysis for selecting… More >

  • Open Access



    Ummid I. Shaikha , Sonali Kaleb, Anirban Surc, Anindita Royc

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.20, No.1, pp. 1-10, 2023, DOI:10.5098/hmt.20.28

    Abstract The requirement for sustainable development for buildings is to have environmentally friendly cooling and heating systems. The utilization of phase change materials (PCM) in the cooling system is a potential solution for minimizing active power requirements as well as for reducing the size of components of a vapor compression refrigeration VCR system. A prototype of an Air-PCM (T25™) heat exchanger was fabricated and tested in actual environmental conditions. Experimental trials using a salt hydrate as PCM have shown the maximum cooling effect of 2.05 kW when 75% of the PCM was solidified. Based on the results, it is found that… More >

  • Open Access


    Enhanced Energy Efficient with a Trust Aware in MANET for Real-Time Applications

    M. V. Narayana1, Vadla Pradeep Kumar2, Ashok Kumar Nanda2,*, Hanumantha Rao Jalla3, Subba Reddy Chavva4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.1, pp. 587-607, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.034773

    Abstract Mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) are subjected to attack detection for transmitting and creating new messages or existing message modifications. The attacker on another node evaluates the forging activity in the message directly or indirectly. Every node sends short packets in a MANET environment with its identifier, location on the map, and time through beacons. The attackers on the network broadcast the warning message using faked coordinates, providing the appearance of a network collision. Similarly, MANET degrades the channel utilization performance. Performance highly affects network performance through security algorithms. This paper developed a trust management technique called Enhanced Beacon Trust… More >

  • Open Access


    Design of Evolutionary Algorithm Based Energy Efficient Clustering Approach for Vehicular Adhoc Networks

    V. Dinesh1, S. Srinivasan2, Gyanendra Prasad Joshi3, Woong Cho4,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.1, pp. 687-699, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.035459

    Abstract In a vehicular ad hoc network (VANET), a massive quantity of data needs to be transmitted on a large scale in shorter time durations. At the same time, vehicles exhibit high velocity, leading to more vehicle disconnections. Both of these characteristics result in unreliable data communication in VANET. A vehicle clustering algorithm clusters the vehicles in groups employed in VANET to enhance network scalability and connection reliability. Clustering is considered one of the possible solutions for attaining effectual interaction in VANETs. But one such difficulty was reducing the cluster number under increasing transmitting nodes. This article introduces an Evolutionary Hide… More >

  • Open Access


    Performance Measurement of Energy Efficient and Highly Scalable Hybrid Adder

    B. Annapoorani*, P. Marikkannu

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.45, No.3, pp. 2659-2672, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.025075

    Abstract The adders are the vital arithmetic operation for any arithmetic operations like multiplication, subtraction, and division. Binary number additions are performed by the digital circuit known as the adder. In VLSI (Very Large Scale Integration), the full adder is a basic component as it plays a major role in designing the integrated circuits applications. To minimize the power, various adder designs are implemented and each implemented designs undergo defined drawbacks. The designed adder requires high power when the driving capability is perfect and requires low power when the delay occurred is more. To overcome such issues and to obtain better… More >

  • Open Access


    Energy Efficient Unequal Fault Tolerance Clustering Approach

    Sowjanya Ramisetty1,2, Divya Anand2, Kavita3,*, Sahil Verma3, NZ Jhanjhi4, Mehedi Masud5, Mohammed Baz6

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.45, No.2, pp. 1971-1983, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.021924

    Abstract For achieving Energy-Efficiency in wireless sensor networks (WSNs), different schemes have been proposed which focuses only on reducing the energy consumption. A shortest path determines for the Base Station (BS), but fault tolerance and energy balancing gives equal importance for improving the network lifetime. For saving energy in WSNs, clustering is considered as one of the effective methods for Wireless Sensor Networks. Because of the excessive overload, more energy consumed by cluster heads (CHs) in a cluster based WSN to receive and aggregate the information from member sensor nodes and it leads to failure. For increasing the WSNs’ lifetime, the… More >

  • Open Access


    Cluster Head Selection and Multipath Routing Based Energy Efficient Wireless Sensor Network

    T. Shanmugapriya1,*, Dr. K. Kousalya2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.1, pp. 879-894, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.032074

    Abstract The Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is a network of Sensor Nodes (SN) which adopt radio signals for communication amongst themselves. There is an increase in the prominence of WSN adaptability to emerging applications like the Internet of Things (IoT) and Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS). Data security, detection of faults, management of energy, collection and distribution of data, network protocol, network coverage, mobility of nodes, and network heterogeneity are some of the issues confronted by WSNs. There is not much published information on issues related to node mobility and management of energy at the time of aggregation of data. Towards the goal… More >

  • Open Access


    Energy Efficient Load Balancing and Routing Using Multi-Objective Based Algorithm in WSN

    Hemant Kumar Vijayvergia1,*, Uma Shankar Modani2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.35, No.3, pp. 3227-3239, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.031357

    Abstract In wireless sensor network (WSN), the gateways which are placed far away from the base station (BS) forward the collected data to the BS through the gateways which are nearer to the BS. This leads to more energy consumption because the gateways nearer to the BS manages heavy traffic load. So, to overcome this issue, loads around the gateways are to be balanced by presenting energy efficient clustering approach. Besides, to enhance the lifetime of the network, optimal routing path is to be established between the source node and BS. For energy efficient load balancing and routing, multi objective based… More >

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