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  • Open Access


    Phase-field simulation of domain evolution in ferroelectric thin films with deadlayers

    Yifan Xia, Jie Wang

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.20, No.3, pp. 87-88, 2011, DOI:10.3970/icces.2011.020.087

    Abstract Phase field simulation is an effective way to predict the domain evolution in ferroelectric materials. A phase field model is developed to investigate the domain structures and polarization switching in in ferroelectric thin films with deadlayers. Simulation results show that the deadlayers as well as misfit strain have a significant influence on the domain structures and polarization switching in the ferroelectric thin films. It is found that the simulated switching electric field in ferroelectric thin films decreases with the thickness of the deadlayers increasing. More >

  • Open Access


    The Effect of the Process on Mechanical Properties of Polylactic Acid-Date Palm Leaf Fibers Composite Films Produced By Extrusion Blowing

    Fatma Kharrat1, Rania Chaari1, Mohamed Khlif1, Loic Hilliou2, José A. Covas2, Mohamed Haboussi3,*, Hedi Nouri1, Chedly Bradai1

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.9, pp. 891-901, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.06827

    Abstract Biocomposite films prepared with melt compounding and film blowing have become a new trend in plastic research to deliver more eco-friendly packages. Polylactic acid (PLA) was melt compounded with minimally processed date palm leaf fiber (DPLF) and converted into films by blown film extrusion. The compounding was done in order to enhance the film mechanical properties in one hand, and to decrease the film production cost in the other hand. In this present study, a reference PLA film and films with 1%, 2%, and 5% of DPLF (weight %) were produced with different process parameters. The spatial variations in films… More >

  • Open Access


    Synthesis of a Fully Biobased Polyfunctional Vinyl Oligomer and Their UV Cured Films Prepared via Thiol-ene Coupling

    Changqing Fu1,2, Jiahui Wang1,2, Lie Chen1,2, Liang Shen1,2,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.8, pp. 795-805, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.07503

    Abstract In this paper, a fully bio-based vinyl oligomer with high functionalities was successfully prepared from rapeseed oil by three modification steps: epoxidation of rapeseed oil, solvent-free and catalyst-free ring opening by 10-undecylenic acid followed by esterification with 10-undecenoyl chloride. Then, the renewable polymers were prepared by photo-polymerization of these modified vegetable oils with typical thiol monomers: pentaerythritol tetrakis (3-mercaptopropionate), pentaerythritol tris (3-mercaptopropionate) and 1,2-ethanedithiol. The synthesis of the vinyl oligomer was monitored by nuclear magnetic resonance and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. The average number of the carbon-carbon double bonds of the resulting vinyl oligomer is high to be 7.2. The kinetic… More >

  • Open Access


    Influence of Blueberry and Jaboticaba Agroindustrial Residue Particle Size on Color Change of Corn Starch Based Films Submitted to Different pH Values Solutions

    Cláudia Leites Luchese*, Julia Menegotto Frick Pavoni, Jordana Corralo Spada, Isabel Cristina Tessaro

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.3, pp. 235-243, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.00033

    Abstract Corn starch, glycerol and agroindustrial residues were used to produce films by casting. By-products from juice processing, blueberry and jaboticaba in powder with different particle sizes were added in the filmogenic matrix to evaluate its potential as a colorimetric indicator. Blueberry and jaboticaba peels are commonly discarded although contain high amount of important compounds as anthocyanins. These compounds have the ability to color change after immersion in different pH values, demonstrating its potential for the intelligent packaging development. Analyses were performed in a colorimeter after films immersion in different buffer solutions. Visual color changes were perceived; reddish and bluish color… More >

  • Open Access


    Conversion of Waste Parasitic Insect (Hylobius abietis L.) into Antioxidative, Antimicrobial and Biodegradable Films

    Murat Kaya1,*, Idris Sargin1, Povilas Mulerčikas2, Jalel Labidi3, Asier M. Salaberria3, Yavuz S. Cakmak1, Sonata Kazlauskaitė2, Demet Erdonmez4, Vykintas Baublys5

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.3, pp. 215-226, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.00002

    Abstract Hylobius abietis is a plant parasitic insect belonging to the order Coleoptera and which causes severe damages to coniferous forests in Northern and Eastern Europe. This current study is aimed to provide a new viewpoint into the waste of this insect by producing chitosan. Dry insect corpses consisted of 27.9% chitin and 86.2% of the chitin was converted into the chitosan. FT-IR spectra analyses confirmed the purity and the deacetylation degree of the produced chitosan (molecular weight of chitosan; 7.3 kDa). This chitosan exhibited antimicrobial activity against 18 bacterial strains. Further, biodegradable chitosan composite films with β-carotene were produced. Antioxidant… More >

  • Open Access


    Evaluation of Biodegradation in Aqueous Medium of Poly(Hydroxybutyrate-Co-Hydroxyvalerate)/Carbon Nanotubes Films in Respirometric System

    Larissa Stieven Montagna, Isabela CÉSAR Oyama, Rita de CÁSSIA Barbosa Camargo Lamparelli, Ana Paula Silva, THAÍS Larissa do Amaral Montanheiro, Ana Paula Lemes*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.2, pp. 117-128, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.00036

    Abstract Biodegradable polymers have been increasingly used for scientific and commercial applications because they are similar to some conventional thermoplastics and exhibit the ability of self-degradation. Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) nanocomposites films with 1 and 2 wt% of carbon nanotubes (CNT) were prepared by solution mixing, followed by solvent evaporation. In this work, PHBV/CNT nanocomposites were submitted to biodegradation in an aqueous medium for 34 days through a respirometric system. Then, the PHBV films were analyzed by the CO2 production and mineralization as a response of a microbial attack, which was monitored by back titration during all the experiment. The films were also… More >

  • Open Access


    Biocomposite Films of Polylactic Acid Reinforced with Microcrystalline Cellulose from Pineapple Leaf Fibers

    Galia Moreno, Karla Ramirez, Marianelly Esquivel, Guillermo Jimenez*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.1, pp. 9-20, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.00017

    Abstract Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) composite films reinforced with microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) extracted from pineapple leaf fibers (PALF) were prepared by a solution casting procedure. In an attempt to improve the interaction between PLA and cellulose, two approaches were adopted; first, poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) was used as a surfactant, and second, the cellulosic fibers were pre-treated using tert-butanol (TBA). Lignocellulosic and cellulosic substrates were characterized using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), wide-angle X-ray scattering (WAXS), and thermogravimetrical analysis (TGA). MCC from PALF showed good thermal stability, left few residues after decomposing, and exhibited high crystallinity index. Mechanical, thermal and thermomechanical properties of the… More >

  • Open Access


    Chemical Modification of Cassava Starch by Transesterification Using Vegetable Oil/Aluminum Chloride

    A.G. Gouater Issola1, A. Ngueteu Kamlo2, A.M. Cheumani Yona1,*, M. Kor Ndikontar1

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.6, No.6, pp. 642-650, 2018, DOI:10.7569/JRM.2018.634108

    Abstract Chemical modification of cassava starch by transesterification of a vegetable oil (palm kernel oil) using aluminum chloride as a Lewis acid catalyst was achieved under relatively mild conditions (temperature 60–110 °C; atmospheric pressure). The reaction was carried out without any additional solvent. The modified starch was characterized by degree of substitution (DS), FTIR, X-ray diffraction and thermal analysis. DS of 0.09 to 0.53 were obtained. The cassava starch presented an X-ray diffraction pattern of a type A starch. X-ray analyses showed that the reaction did not significantly affect the crystallinity of starch. The modified starch films (MStF) adsorbed less water… More >

  • Open Access


    Reinforcement of Thermoplastic Starch Films with Cellulose Fibres Obtained from Rice and Coffee Husks

    Sofía Collazo-Bigliardi1,*, Rodrigo Ortega-Toro2, Amparo Chiralt Boix1

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.6, No.6, pp. 599-610, 2018, DOI:10.32604/JRM.2018.00127

    Abstract Cellulosic fibres from coffee (CF) and rice (RF) husks have been obtained applying chemical treatments and characterized as to their microstructure and thermal behaviour. These materials have been incorporated into glycerol plasticised thermoplastic starch (TPS) films obtained by melt blending and compression moulding at 1 wt%, 5 wt% and 10 wt%. Microstructure, thermal behaviour and optical, tensile and barrier properties of the composites were analysed. Both kinds of micro-fibres improve the film stiffness while reduced the film stretchability. However, CF better maintained the film ductility at 1 and 5 wt%. A network of fine oriented fibres was observed on the… More >

  • Open Access


    Numerical Study of Indentation Delamination of Strongly Bonded Films by Use of a Cohesive Zone Model

    W. Li1 and T. Siegmund1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.5, No.1, pp. 81-90, 2004, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2004.005.081

    Abstract Results of a computational study of the mechanics of indentation induced interface delamination are described for a system consisting of a ductile film on an elastic substrate. Special attention is paid to the properties of the interface between film and substrate, and the influence of the interface properties on the indentation response. Specifically, strong interfaces are considered. The interface is characterized by the use of a cohesive zone model. The finite element method is used to solve the boundary value problem, with the interface behavior incorporated via a cohesive model in a traction-separation formulation. The model does not include any… More >

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