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  • Open Access


    Health care‐associated infections are associated with increased length of stay and cost but not mortality in children undergoing cardiac surgery

    Sarah Tweddell, Rohit S. Loomba, David S. Cooper, Alexis L. Benscoter

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.14, No.5, pp. 785-790, 2019, DOI:10.1111/chd.12779

    Abstract Introduction: Health care‐associated infections (HAIs) increase mortality, length of stay, and cost in hospitalized patients. The incidence of and risk factors for developing HAIs in the pediatric population after cardiac surgery have been studied. This study evaluates the impact of HAIs on length of stay, inpatient mortality, and cost of hospitalization in the pediatric population after cardiac surgery.
    Methods: TheKids’InpatientDatabasewasqueriedforanalysis.Patientsunder18years of age who underwent cardiac surgery from 1997 to 2012 were included. HAIs were defined as central line‐associated blood stream infections, catheter‐associated urinary tract infections, ventilator‐associated pneumonias, and surgical wound infections. Univariate analysis compared admissions with and without a HAI.… More >

  • Open Access


    Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used in treatment of ticks

    Magwede K1, MP Tshisikhawe1, D Luseba2, RB Bhat1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.83, pp. 155-165, 2014, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2014.83.155

    Abstract The documentation of traditional knowledge on medicinal use of plants has provided many important drugs that are used worldwide on a daily basis. Traditional remedies had been (and still are) the main source of livestock ailment treatments, especially in regions of poor resources of the Vhembe District, South Africa. In many rural areas of the Republic of South Africa, traditional medicine is sometimes the only available modern orthodox health care for managing both human and animal health. Much work remains to be done regarding the documentation of the existing ethnobotanical knowledge. In this work, we report an inventory list of… More >

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