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  • Open Access


    Pathological images for personal medicine in Hepatocellular carcinoma: Cross-talk of gene sequencing and pathological images


    Oncology Research, Vol.30, No.5, pp. 243-258, 2022, DOI: 10.32604/or.2022.027958

    Abstract Background: Considering the great heterogeneity of Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), more accurate prognostic models are urgently needed. This paper combined the advantages of genomics and pathomics to construct a prognostic model. Methods: First, we collected data from hepatocellular carcinoma patients with complete mRNA expression profiles and clinical annotations from the TCGA database. Then, based on immune-related genes, we used random forest plots to screen prognosis-related genes and build prognostic models. Bioinformatics was used to identify biological pathways, evaluate the tumor microenvironment, and perform drug susceptibility testing. Finally, we divided the patients into different subgroups according to the gene model algorithm. Pathological… More >

  • Open Access


    Konjac glucomannan enhances 5-FU-induced cytotoxicity of hepatocellular carcinoma cells via TLR4/PERK/CHOP signaling to induce endoplasmic reticulum stress


    Oncology Research, Vol.30, No.4, pp. 201-210, 2022, DOI:10.32604/or.2022.027584

    Abstract 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is a commonly used chemotherapeutic agent for various cancers. However, the drug resistance developed by tumor cells hinders the therapeutic effect. Konjac glucomannan (KGM) is indicated to sensitize 5-FU-resistant hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells to 5-FU. In our study, we found that KGM or 5-FU treatment alone did not affect the malignant cell behaviors and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress of 5-FU-resistant HCC cells or HepG2/5-FU and Bel-7402/5-FU cells, while cotreatment with KGM and 5-FU significantly facilitated HCC cell apoptosis and ER stress and suppressed cell proliferation potential and migration abilities. Moreover, we explored the underlying mechanism by which KGM… More >

  • Open Access


    IGF2BP3-induced activation of EIF5B contributes to progression of hepatocellular carcinoma cells


    Oncology Research, Vol.30, No.2, pp. 77-87, 2022, DOI:10.32604/or.2022.026511

    Abstract In this study, we investigated the functional role of eukaryotic initiation factor 5B (EIF5B) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and the underlying mechanisms. Bioinformatics analysis demonstrated that the EIF5B transcript and protein levels as well as the EIF5Bcopy number were significantly higher in the HCC tissues compared with the non-cancerous liver tissues. Down-regulation of EIF5B significantly decreased proliferation and invasiveness of the HCC cells. Furthermore, EIF5B knockdown suppressed epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the cancer stem cell (CSC) phenotype. Down-regulation of EIF5B also increased the sensitivity of HCC cells to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). In the HCC cells, activation of the NF-kappa B signaling… More >

  • Open Access


    SPP1 and the risk score model to improve the survival prediction of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma based on multiple algorithms and back propagation neural networks


    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.3, pp. 581-592, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.025957

    Abstract Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is associated with poor prognosis and fluctuations in immune status. Although studies have found that secreted phosphoprotein 1 (SPP1) is involved in HCC progression, its independent prognostic value and immune-mediated role remain unclear. Using The Cancer Genome Atlas and Gene Expression Omnibus data, we found that low expression of SPP1 is significantly associated with improved survival of HCC patients and that SPP1 expression is correlated with clinical characteristics. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression confirmed that SPP1 is an independent prognostic factor of HCC. Subsequently, we found that T cell CD4 memory-activated monocytes, M0 macrophages, and resting mast… More >

  • Open Access


    MiR-145-5p Suppresses Hepatocellular Carcinoma Progression by Targeting ABHD17C

    Linpei Wang1,#, Xiaoqiu Ma2,#, Youqi Chen1, Jiahui Zhang1, Jiawei Zhang1, Wei Wang1,*, Shaojian Chen3,*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.4, pp. 897-912, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.025693

    Abstract Background: MicroRNA-145-5p (miR-145-5p) reportedly inhibits hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by targeting ARF6, SPATS2, CDCA3, KLF5, and NRAS, indicating that miR-145-5p plays an important role in the occurrence and development of HCC by regulating the expression of various genes. In this study, we aimed to explore novel downstream targets of miR-145-5p and elucidate the potential mechanism of miR-145-5p in HCC. Materials and Methods: A bioinformatics analysis was performed to determine the clinical significance of miR-145-5p and alpha/beta hydrolase domain-containing protein 17C (ABHD17C) in patients with HCC. The ability of Hep3B cells to proliferate, migrate, and invade was examined after overexpression of miR-145-5p… More >

  • Open Access


    Transarterial chemoembolization vs. liver resection as initial treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma occurring exclusively in caudate lobe: A retrospective propensity matching analysis


    Oncology Research, Vol.30, No.1, pp. 23-33, 2022, DOI:10.32604/or.2022.026044

    Abstract Treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the caudate lobe is technically challenging. This retrospective study was designed to evaluate the clinical outcome of both superselective transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) and liver resection (LR) for HCC occurring exclusively in the caudate lobe. From January 2008 to September 2021, a total of 129 patients were diagnosed with HCC of the caudate lobe. The Cox proportional hazard model was used to analyze the potential clinical factors and established prognostic nomograms with interval validation. Of the total number of patients, 78 received TACE and 51 received LR. The overall survival (OS) rates (TACE vs.… More >

  • Open Access


    A double-edged sword: The HBV-induced non-coding RNAs alterations in hepatocellular carcinoma


    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.1, pp. 27-32, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2022.023568

    Abstract Non-coding RNAs are speculated to exert important regulatory functions at the level of gene expression, oncogenesis, and many other pathologies. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a leading cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and some studies have shown that the expression of non-coding RNAs has an assignable effect on the development of HBV-induced HCC. In this context, the functions and molecular mechanisms of the HBVinduced non-coding RNA expression in the development of hepatoma have attracted increasing attention. This review covers the progress in the exploration of the relationship between HBV-induced hepatoma and non-coding RNA expression, cataloging the recent reports about… More >

  • Open Access


    Heparanase/Syndecan-1 Axis Regulates the Grade of Liver Cancer and Proliferative Ability of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells

    Shengjin Yu, Huiming Lv, Jinhui Zhang, He Zhang, Weiwei Ju, Yu Jiang*, Lijuan Lin*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 539-551, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.024882

    Abstract Background: Although heparanase/syndecan-1 axis is involved in malignant progression of many cancers, its significance in liver cancer is not well understood. In this study, we explored the value of heparanase/syndecan-1 axis expression in liver cancer and the intervention mechanisms that target this axis by inhibiting the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Materials and Methods: We conducted tissue microarray analysis that included 90 primary liver cancer and their corresponding adjacent samples to evaluate the expression of heparanase and syndecan-1 and their correlation with clinicopathologic characteristics. RNA interference and western blot assays were performed to analyze the effect of heparanase on syndecan-1… More >

  • Open Access


    A UHPLC/MS/MS Assay Based on an Isotope-Labeled Peptide for Sensitive miR-21 Detection in HCC Serum

    Xinyue Wang1,#, Jing Xu1,#, Qihong Gu1, Dingxuan Tang1, Huoyan Ji2, Shaoqing Ju2, Feng Wang2,*, Lin Chen3, Ruoyu Yuan2,*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 513-526, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.024373

    Abstract Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified as promising novel biomarkers for cancer diagnosis and prognosis, especially for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Nowadays, the expression level of miR-21 in serum samples is a diagnostic indicator for HCC diagnosis. Thus, the quantitative determination of miRNA concentration is of significance in clinical practice. It is particularly important to establish an analytical detection method for miR-21 in patient serum. Methods: The signal readout for miR-21 was based on the mass response of a reporter peptide using an isotope dilution mass spectrometry (MS) method in this work. To be more specific, miR-21 was biotinylated before being… More >

  • Open Access


    The Eph/Ephrin System in Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Functional Roles and Potential Therapeutic Targets

    Xin Shu, Qiang Wang*, Qingming Wu*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 427-439, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.023248

    Abstract Liver cancer is ranked as the second leading cause of cancer-related death across the world, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) comprises nearly 90% of all primary liver cancer cases. However, until now, the pathological mechanisms underlying HCC oncogenesis and development remains largely unclear. Eph receptors and their ephrin ligands (Eph/Ephrin system) are involved in various physiological process, such as embryogenesis, neuronal migration, immune response and vascular development. Recently, emerging evidence has showed that the Eph/Ephrin system also plays an essential role in initiation and development of multiple types of cancer, including liver cancer. The Eph/Ephrin system has been reported to contribute… More >

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