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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Discovering the Common Traits of Cybercrimes in Pakistan Using Associative Classification with Ant Colony Optimization

    Abdul Rauf1, Muhammad Asif Khan1,*, Hamid Hussain Awan2, Waseem Shahzad3, Najeeb Ul Husaan4

    Journal of Cyber Security, Vol.4, No.4, pp. 201-222, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jcs.2022.038791

    Abstract In the modern world, law enforcement authorities are facing challenges due to the advanced technology used by criminals to commit crimes. Criminals follow specific patterns to carry out their crimes, which can be identified using machine learning and swarm intelligence approaches. This article proposes the use of the Ant Colony Optimization algorithm to create an associative classification of crime data, which can reveal potential relationships between different features and crime types. The experiments conducted in this research show that this approach can discover various associations among the features of crime data and the specific patterns that major crime types depend… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    AI Safety Approach for Minimizing Collisions in Autonomous Navigation

    Abdulghani M. Abdulghani, Mokhles M. Abdulghani, Wilbur L. Walters, Khalid H. Abed*

    Journal on Artificial Intelligence, Vol.5, pp. 1-14, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jai.2023.039786

    Abstract Autonomous agents can explore the environment around them when equipped with advanced hardware and software systems that help intelligent agents minimize collisions. These systems are developed under the term Artificial Intelligence (AI) safety. AI safety is essential to provide reliable service to consumers in various fields such as military, education, healthcare, and automotive. This paper presents the design of an AI safety algorithm for safe autonomous navigation using Reinforcement Learning (RL). Machine Learning Agents Toolkit (ML-Agents) was used to train the agent with a proximal policy optimizer algorithm with an intrinsic curiosity module (PPO + ICM). This training aims to improve AI… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Modeling and Validation of Base Pressure for Aerodynamic Vehicles Based on Machine Learning Models

    Jaimon Dennis Quadros1, Sher Afghan Khan2, Abdul Aabid3,*, Muneer Baig3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.3, pp. 2331-2352, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.028925

    Abstract The application of abruptly enlarged flows to adjust the drag of aerodynamic vehicles using machine learning models has not been investigated previously. The process variables (Mach number (M), nozzle pressure ratio (η), area ratio (α), and length to diameter ratio (γ )) were numerically explored to address several aspects of this process, namely base pressure (β) and base pressure with cavity (βcav). In this work, the optimal base pressure is determined using the PCA-BAS-ENN based algorithm to modify the base pressure presetting accuracy, thereby regulating the base drag required for smooth flow of aerodynamic vehicles. Based on the identical dataset,… More > Graphic Abstract

    Modeling and Validation of Base Pressure for Aerodynamic Vehicles Based on Machine Learning Models

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Novel Edge-Assisted IoT-ML-Based Smart Healthcare Framework for COVID-19

    Mahmood Hussain Mir1,*, Sanjay Jamwal1, Ummer Iqbal2, Abolfazl Mehbodniya3, Julian Webber3, Umar Hafiz Khan4

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.3, pp. 2529-2565, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.027173

    Abstract The lack of modern technology in healthcare has led to the death of thousands of lives worldwide due to COVID- 19 since its outbreak. The Internet of Things (IoT) along with other technologies like Machine Learning can revolutionize the traditional healthcare system. Instead of reactive healthcare systems, IoT technology combined with machine learning and edge computing can deliver proactive and preventive healthcare services. In this study, a novel healthcare edge-assisted framework has been proposed to detect and prognosticate the COVID-19 suspects in the initial phases to stop the transmission of coronavirus infection. The proposed framework is based on edge computing… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Intrusion Detection in 5G Cellular Network Using Machine Learning

    Ishtiaque Mahmood1, Tahir Alyas2, Sagheer Abbas3, Tariq Shahzad4, Qaiser Abbas5,6, Khmaies Ouahada7,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 2439-2453, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.033842

    Abstract Attacks on fully integrated servers, apps, and communication networks via the Internet of Things (IoT) are growing exponentially. Sensitive devices’ effectiveness harms end users, increases cyber threats and identity theft, raises costs, and negatively impacts income as problems brought on by the Internet of Things network go unnoticed for extended periods. Attacks on Internet of Things interfaces must be closely monitored in real time for effective safety and security. Following the 1, 2, 3, and 4G cellular networks, the 5th generation wireless 5G network is indeed the great invasion of mankind and is known as the global advancement of cellular… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Intelligent Intrusion Detection System for the Internet of Medical Things Based on Data-Driven Techniques

    Okba Taouali1,*, Sawcen Bacha2, Khaoula Ben Abdellafou1, Ahamed Aljuhani1, Kamel Zidi3, Rehab Alanazi1, Mohamed Faouzi Harkat4

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 1593-1609, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.039984

    Abstract Introducing IoT devices to healthcare fields has made it possible to remotely monitor patients’ information and provide a proper diagnosis as needed, resulting in the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT). However, obtaining good security features that ensure the integrity and confidentiality of patient’s information is a significant challenge. However, due to the computational resources being limited, an edge device may struggle to handle heavy detection tasks such as complex machine learning algorithms. Therefore, designing and developing a lightweight detection mechanism is crucial. To address the aforementioned challenges, a new lightweight IDS approach is developed to effectively combat a diverse range… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Optimized Feature Selection and Hyperparameter Tuning Framework for Automated Heart Disease Diagnosis

    Saleh Ateeq Almutairi*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 2599-2624, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.041609

    Abstract Heart disease is a primary cause of death worldwide and is notoriously difficult to cure without a proper diagnosis. Hence, machine learning (ML) can reduce and better understand symptoms associated with heart disease. This study aims to develop a framework for the automatic and accurate classification of heart disease utilizing machine learning algorithms, grid search (GS), and the Aquila optimization algorithm. In the proposed approach, feature selection is used to identify characteristics of heart disease by using a method for dimensionality reduction. First, feature selection is accomplished with the help of the Aquila algorithm. Then, the optimal combination of the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Modified Metaheuristics with Weighted Majority Voting Ensemble Deep Learning Model for Intrusion Detection System

    Mahmoud Ragab1,2,*, Sultanah M. Alshammari2,3, Abdullah S. Al-Malaise Al-Ghamdi2,4

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 2497-2512, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.041446

    Abstract The Internet of Things (IoT) system has confronted dramatic growth in high dimensionality and data traffic. The system named intrusion detection systems (IDS) is broadly utilized for the enhancement of security posture in an IT infrastructure. An IDS is a practical and suitable method for assuring network security and identifying attacks by protecting it from intrusive hackers. Nowadays, machine learning (ML)-related techniques were used for detecting intrusion in IoTs IDSs. But, the IoT IDS mechanism faces significant challenges because of physical and functional diversity. Such IoT features use every attribute and feature for IDS self-protection unrealistic and difficult. This study… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Privacy Preserved Brain Disorder Diagnosis Using Federated Learning

    Ali Altalbe1,2,*, Abdul Rehman Javed3

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 2187-2200, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.040624

    Abstract Federated learning has recently attracted significant attention as a cutting-edge technology that enables Artificial Intelligence (AI) algorithms to utilize global learning across the data of numerous individuals while safeguarding user data privacy. Recent advanced healthcare technologies have enabled the early diagnosis of various cognitive ailments like Parkinson’s. Adequate user data is frequently used to train machine learning models for healthcare systems to track the health status of patients. The healthcare industry faces two significant challenges: security and privacy issues and the personalization of cloud-trained AI models. This paper proposes a Deep Neural Network (DNN) based approach embedded in a federated… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Applying Customized Convolutional Neural Network to Kidney Image Volumes for Kidney Disease Detection

    Ali Altalbe1,2,*, Abdul Rehman Javed3

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 2119-2134, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.040620

    Abstract Kidney infection is a severe medical issue affecting individuals worldwide and increasing mortality rates. Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is treatable during its initial phases but can become irreversible and cause renal failure. Among the various diseases, the most prevalent kidney conditions affecting kidney function are cyst growth, kidney tumors, and nephrolithiasis. The significant challenge for the medical community is the immediate diagnosis and treatment of kidney disease. Kidney failure could result from kidney disorders like tumors, stones, and cysts if not often identified and addressed. Computer-assisted diagnostics are necessary to support clinicians’ and specialists’ medical assessments due to the rising… More >

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