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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Flexible Memristive Devices Based on Graphene Quantum-Dot Nanocomposites

    Sung Won Hwang, Dae-Ki Hong*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.72, No.2, pp. 3283-3297, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.025931

    Abstract Artificial neural networks (ANNs) are attracting attention for their high performance in various fields, because increasing the network size improves its functioning. Since large-scale neural networks are difficult to implement on custom hardware, a two-dimensional (2D) structure is applied to an ANN in the form of a crossbar. We demonstrate a synapse crossbar device from recent research by applying a memristive system to neuromorphic chips. The system is designed using two-dimensional structures, graphene quantum dots (GQDs) and graphene oxide (GO). Raman spectrum analysis results indicate a D-band of 1421 cm−1 that occurs in the disorder; band is… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Machine Learning-Based Predictions on the Self-Heating Characteristics of Nanocomposites with Hybrid Fillers

    Taegeon Kil1, D. I. Jang1, H. N. Yoon1, Beomjoo Yang2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.3, pp. 4487-4502, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.020940

    Abstract A machine learning-based prediction of the self-heating characteristics and the negative temperature coefficient (NTC) effect detection of nanocomposites incorporating carbon nanotube (CNT) and carbon fiber (CF) is proposed. The CNT content was fixed at 4.0 wt.%, and CFs having three different lengths (0.1, 3 and 6 mm) at dosage of 1.0 wt.% were added to fabricate the specimens. The self-heating properties of the specimens were evaluated via self-heating tests. Based on the experiment results, two types of artificial neural network (ANN) models were constructed to predict the surface temperature and electrical resistance, and to detect More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Improved Thermophysical Properties of Developed Ternary Nitrate-Based Phase Change Material Incorporated with MXene as Novel Nanocomposites

    I. Samylingam1, Navid Aslfattahi2, K. Kadirgama1,*, Mahendran Samykano3, L. Samylingam4, R. Saidur4,5

    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.5, pp. 1253-1265, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.016087

    Abstract In this study, nanocomposite of ternary nitrate molten salt induced with MXene is developed. LiNO3-NaNO3-KNO3 with wt% of 35:12:53 and 35:10:55 are produced and doped with MXene in the wt% of 0.2, 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5. FTIR result indicates the composites had no chemical reaction occurred during the preparation. UV-VIS analysis shows the absorption enhancement with respect to the concentration of MXene. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) was used to measure the thermal stability of the LiNO3-NaNO3-KNO3 induced with MXene. The ternary molten salts were stable at temperature range of 600–700°C. Thermal stability increases with the addition of More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Application of Cellulose Nanocrystals Modified with Succinic Anhydride under the Microwave Irradiation for Preparation of Polylactic Acid Nanocomposites

    Ewa Szefer*, Agnieszka Leszczyńska, Edyta Hebda, Krzysztof Pielichowski

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.6, pp. 1127-1142, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.014584

    Abstract The aim of this work was to use cellulose nanocrystals that were obtained by hydrolysis in phosphoric acid solution and further modified with succinic anhydride in the microwave field for PLA reinforcement. A series of all-bionanocomposites containing unmodified and surface modified cellulose nanocrystals with CNC content in the range of 1–3 %w.t. were obtained by melt blending and tested by XRD, SEM, DSC and DMA to investigate the effect of surface esterification of CNCs on the structure, morphology, dynamic mechanical properties of bionanocomposites, as well as phase transitions of PLA in the presence of cellulosic nanofiller. More > Graphic Abstract

    The Application of Cellulose Nanocrystals Modified with Succinic Anhydride under the Microwave Irradiation for Preparation of Polylactic Acid Nanocomposites

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Properties of ABS/Organic-Attapulgite Nanocomposites Parts Fabricated by Fused Deposition Modeling

    Ling Wang1,2, Shenglong Jiang2, Chenchen Huang2, Pengyuan Dai2, Fenghua Liu2,*, Xiaopeng Qi1, Gaojie Xu2

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.8, No.11, pp. 1505-1518, 2020, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2020.010544

    Abstract The paper discusses the mechanical and thermal performance manifested in natural nanorods attapulgite (ATP) reinforced Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) nanocomposites in the process of fused deposition modeling (FDM). Molten extrusion technique was taken to manufacture the filaments of ABS/organic-attapulgite (OAT) nanocomposites with different mass fraction and the printing operation was made by one commercial FDM three-dimensional (3D) printer. Results indicate that the mechanical performance of these FDM 3D printed specimens are improved obviously via the introduction of OAT, and tensile strength of the ABS/OAT nanocomposites parts with only 2 wt% OAT addition is enhanced by More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Systematic Molecular Dynamics Investigation on the Graphene Polymer Nanocomposites for Bulletproofing

    Hamidreza Noori1, Bohayra Mortazavi2, 3, Alessandro Di Pierro4, Emad Jomehzadeh5, Xiaoying Zhuang2, 3, Zi Goangseup6, Kim Sang-Hyun7, Timon Rabczuk8, 9, *

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.65, No.3, pp. 2009-2032, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.011256

    Abstract In modern physics and fabrication technology, simulation of projectile and target collision is vital to improve design in some critical applications, like; bulletproofing and medical applications. Graphene, the most prominent member of two dimensional materials presents ultrahigh tensile strength and stiffness. Moreover, polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) is one of the most important elastomeric materials with a high extensive application area, ranging from medical, fabric, and interface material. In this work we considered graphene/PDMS structures to explore the bullet resistance of resulting nanocomposites. To this aim, extensive molecular dynamic simulations were carried out to identify the penetration of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Synergistic Effect of Halloyosite Nanotube and Nanocellulose on Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Poly (Ethylmethacrylate-co-Acrylonitrile) Bionanocomposites

    Karima Ben Hamou1,2,*, Amal Kadimi1, Remo Merijs Meri3, Sergei Gaidukov3, Hamid Kaddami1, Mustapha Raihane1, Mouhamed Lahcini1, Fouad Erchiqui2

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.8, No.3, pp. 301-317, 2020, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2020.08141

    Abstract This work reports a comprehensive study on poly (Ethylmethacrylateco-Acrylonitrile) Poly(EMA-AN) nanocomposites reinforced with a hybrid mixture of nanoreiforcements based on nanocrystals of cellulose (NCC) (1 or 5% wt) and halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) (1 or 5% wt). The morphology, thermal and mechanical properties of these nanocomposites were characterized. Homogeneous dispersion of the nanofillers has been shown by scanning electron microscopy. A significant increase of the rubbery modulus and glass transition temperature were obtained upon filler addition, due to the reduction of mobility of the matrix macromolecular chains. On the other hand, compared with the neat Poly(EMAAN), More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Agglomeration Effects on Static Stability Analysis of Multi-Scale Hybrid Nanocomposite Plates

    Farzad Ebrahimi1, Ali Dabbagh2, Abbas Rastgoo2, Timon Rabczuk3, *

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.63, No.1, pp. 41-64, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.07947

    Abstract We propose a multiscale approach to study the influence of carbon nanotubes’ agglomeration on the stability of hybrid nanocomposite plates. The hybrid nanocomposite consists of both macro- and nano-scale reinforcing fibers dispersed in a polymer matrix. The equivalent material properties are calculated by coupling the Eshelby-Mori-Tanaka model with the rule of mixture accounting for effects of CNTs inside the generated clusters. Furthermore, an energy based approach is implemented to obtain the governing equations of the problem utilizing a refined higher-order plate theorem. Subsequently, the derived equations are solved by Galerkin’s analytical method to predict the More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Isolation of Thermally Stable Cellulose Nanocrystals from Spent Coffee Grounds via Phosphoric Acid Hydrolysis

    Brody A. Frost, E. Johan Foster*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.8, No.2, pp. 187-203, 2020, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2020.07940

    Abstract As the world's population exponentially grows, so does the need for the production of food, with cereal production growing annually from an estimated 1.0 billion to 2.5 billion tons within the last few decades. This rapid growth in food production results in an ever increasing amount of agricultural wastes, of which already occupies nearly 50% of the total landfill area. For example, is the billions of dry tons of cellulose-containing spent coffee grounds disposed in landfills annually. This paper seeks to provide a method for isolating cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) from spent coffee grounds, in order… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Poly (vinyl alcohol)/Graphene Nanocomposite Hydrogel Scaffolds for Control of Cell Adhesion

    Xiaodong Wang1,2, Meng Su2, Chuntai Liu2, Changyu Shen2, Xianhu Liu2,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.8, No.1, pp. 89-99, 2020, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2020.08493

    Abstract Poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA)/reduced graphene oxide (rGO) nanocomposites is prepared by the immersion of PVA/graphene oxide (GO) nanocomposites in the reducing agent aqueous solution. The PVA/graphene nanocomposites can be used as scaffold after treatment by chemical crosslinking agents. The surface hydrophilicity of the nanocomposite scaffolds decreased with the addition of GO or rGO by measuring the contact angles of scaffolds. The electrical conductivity of PVA/rGO nanocomposite scaffold increased with rGO content increased. The highest conductivity of PVA/rGO nanocomposite scaffolds with 10 wt% rGO could reach to 12.16 × 10−3 S/m. The NIH-3T3 fibroblasts attach and grow More >

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