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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Electrochemical Performance of Starch-Polyaniline Nanocomposites Synthesized By Sonochemical Process Intensification

    Narsimha Pandi1, Shirish H. Sonawane1,*, Sarang P. Gumfekar2, Anand Kishore Kola1, Pramod H. Borse3, Swapnil B. Ambade4, Sripadh Guptha1, Muthupandian Ashokkumar5

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.12, pp. 1279-1293, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.07609

    Abstract The present study deals with the intensified synthesis of starchpolyaniline (starch-PANI) nanocomposite using an ultrasound-assisted method. Starch is a key component in this nanocomposite, which acts as a backbone of the nucleation of PANI. The Electrochemical property of the nanocomposite arises due to the addition of PANI. This is one of green approach for the synthesis of bio nanocomposite using ultrasound. The crystallinity of the composite is evaluated using the Scherrer Formula. The starch-PANI nanocomposite was characterized by XRD, FT-IR, Raman, XPS and TEM. The composite nanoparticles show spherical morphology. The elemental composition of starch-PANI More >

  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    Numerical Simulations on Piezoresistivity of CNT/Polymer Based Nanocomposites

    Alamusi, Yaolu Liu, Ning Hu

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.16, No.2, pp. 57-58, 2011, DOI:10.3970/icces.2011.016.057

    Abstract In this work, we propose a 3 dimensional (3D) numerical model to predict the piezoresistivity behaviours of a nanocomposite material made from an insulating polymer filled by carbon nanotubes (CNTs). This material is very hopeful for its application in highly sensitive strain sensor by measuring its piezoresistivity, i.e., the ratio of resistance change versus applied strain. In this numerical approach, a 3D resistor network model is firstly proposed to predict the electrical conductivity of the nanocomposite with a large amount of randomly dispersed CNTs under the zero strain state. By focusing on the fact that… More >

  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    Computational Grains for Nanocomposites with Interface Stress Effects

    Junbo Wang*, Leiting Dong

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.21, No.4, pp. 75-75, 2019, DOI:10.32604/icces.2019.04820

    Abstract In this study, two/three-dimensional computational grains are developed for micromechanical modeling of heterogeneous materials with nanoscale inhomogeneities, considering the interface stress effect. Two types of computational grains are developed, depending on the types of inhomogeneity in each element. Each computational grain can include alternatively a spherical void or a spherical elastic inclusion. In these computational grains, an inter-element compatible displacement field is assumed along the element outer-boundary, and interior displacement fields in the matrix as well as in the inclusion are independently assumed as T-Trefftz trial functions. For planar problems, complex potentials are used to… More >

  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    Dynamic Compressive Response of Polymeric Nanocomposites

    W. Chen1, B. Song1

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.3, No.1, pp. 51-56, 2007, DOI:10.3970/icces.2007.003.051

    Abstract Polymeric nanocomposite materials present potentials in applications with high-rate loading. In the experiments to determine the dynamic response of such nanocomposites, we used pulse shaping techniques on a split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) for constant-strain-rate deformation under dynamically equilibrated stresses in specimens such that accurate stress-strain curves at various dynamic strain rates were obtained. Corresponding quasi-static stress-strain was also obtained to study the rate effects over a wide range. In this paper, the dynamic and quasi-static compression experimental results are presented and discussed on two types of polymeric nanocompositres: a polycarbonate (PC)/clay nano-composite and a More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Effects of Gamma Irradiation on Molecular Weight, Morphology and Physical Properties of PHBV/Cloisite 30B Bionanocomposites

    Kahina Iggui1,2,*, Mustapha Kaci1, Mohamed Mahlous3, Nicolas Le Moigne4, Anne Bergeret4

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.9, pp. 807-820, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.06778

    Abstract In this paper, the effects of gamma irradiation on Cast poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) and PHBV/Cloisite 30B (C30B) (3 wt%) bionanocomposite prepared by melt compounding, were evaluated at various doses, i.e., 5, 15, 20, 50 and 100 kGy at room temperature in air. Changes in molecular weight, morphology and physical properties were investigated. The study showed that the main degradation mechanism occurring in gamma irradiation in both Cast PHBV and C-PHBV/3C30B bionanocomposite is chain scission, responsible for the decrease of molecular weight. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) data indicated a regular decrease in crystallization temperature, melting temperature and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Green Nanocomposites Made With Polyvinyl Alcohol and Cellulose Nanofibers Isolated From Recycled Paper

    Le Van Hai1,2, Lindong Zhai1, Hyun Chan Kim1, Jung Woong Kim1, Jaehwan Kim1,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.7, pp. 621-629, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.06466

    Abstract This paper reports green nanocomposites made by blending polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) with cellulose nanofiber (CNF) isolated from recycled deinked copy/printing paper (DIP). The reinforcement effect of DIPCNF in the nanocomposites is compared with other CNFs isolated from native cotton and hardwood by means of TEMPO-oxidation. The prepared PVA-CNF nanocomposites are characterized in terms of morphology, chemical interaction, structural, thermal and mechanical properties. X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy confirm the reinforcing ability of cellulose nanofibers into PVA. By blending CNFs into PVA matrix, the thermal stability of the nanocomposites is improved and DIPCNF shows More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Poly (Butylene Adipate-Co-Terephthalate) and Poly (Ɛ-Caprolactone) and Their Bionanocomposites with Cellulose Nanocrystals: Thermo-Mechanical Properties and Cell Viability Study

    Marcia Cristina Branciforti1,*, Caroline Faria Bellani2, Carolina Lipparelli Morelli2, Alice Ferrand3, Nadia Benkirane-Jessel3, Rosario Elida Suman Bretas2

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.3, pp. 269-277, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.01833

    Abstract Although nanocomposites have recently attracted special interest in the tissue engineering area, due to their potential to reinforce scaffolds for hard tissues applications, a number of variables must be set prior to any clinical application. This manuscript addresses the evaluation of thermo-mechanical properties and of cell proliferation of cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT), poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) films and their bionanocomposites with 2 wt% of CNC obtained by casting technique. Cellulose nanocrystals extracted from Balsa wood by acid hydrolysis were used as a reinforcing phase in PBAT and PCL matrix films. The films and pure CNC… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Evaluation of Biodegradation in Aqueous Medium of Poly(Hydroxybutyrate-Co-Hydroxyvalerate)/Carbon Nanotubes Films in Respirometric System

    Larissa Stieven Montagna, Isabela CÉSAR Oyama, Rita de CÁSSIA Barbosa Camargo Lamparelli, Ana Paula Silva, THAÍS Larissa do Amaral Montanheiro, Ana Paula Lemes*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.2, pp. 117-128, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.00036

    Abstract Biodegradable polymers have been increasingly used for scientific and commercial applications because they are similar to some conventional thermoplastics and exhibit the ability of self-degradation. Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) nanocomposites films with 1 and 2 wt% of carbon nanotubes (CNT) were prepared by solution mixing, followed by solvent evaporation. In this work, PHBV/CNT nanocomposites were submitted to biodegradation in an aqueous medium for 34 days through a respirometric system. Then, the PHBV films were analyzed by the CO2 production and mineralization as a response of a microbial attack, which was monitored by back titration during all the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Electroconductive Composites Containing Nanocellulose, Nanopolypyrrole, and Silver Nanoparticles

    Samir Kamel1,*, Ahmed A. Haroun2, Amany M. El-Nahrawy3, Mohamed A. Diab1

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.2, pp. 193-203, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.00144

    Abstract In this work, conducting composites of nanocellulose (NC)/polypyrrole nanoparticles (NPPy) and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), i.e., NC/NPPyAg, were synthesized for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, via in situ emulsion polymerization of pyrrole in the presence of surfactant dopants. The AgNPs acted as an oxidizing agent to simultaneously incorporate nanoparticles into the prepared composites. The structures and morphologies of the prepared composites were studied using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV-Vis Spectra, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM and TEM) techniques. Additionally, the prepared composites were characterized More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Structure and Properties of Polyamide 11 Nanocomposites Filled with Fibrous Palygorskite Clay

    B. Benobeidallah1, A. Benhamida1, A. Dorigato2,*, A. Sola3, M. Messori3, A. Pegoretti2

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.1, pp. 89-102, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.00136

    Abstract Various amounts (up to 10 wt%) of palygorskite nanofibers functionalized by 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) coupling agent were used to reinforce polyamide 11 nanocomposites prepared by melt compounding. The covalent bonding of the silane on the palygorskite surface was confirmed by infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. X-ray diffraction revealed the retention of the α-form of polyamide crystals upon the addition of both natural and silane treated palygorskite nanorods. All the investigated nanocomposites showed an improvement of the thermal stability, especially when surface treated palygorskite nanofibers were considered. Tensile tests and dynamic mechanical thermal analyses on the prepared More >

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