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  • Open Access


    Long Endurance and Long Distance Trajectory Optimization for Engineless UAV by Dynamic Soaring

    B. J. Zhu1,2, Z. X. Hou1, X. Z. Wang3, Q. Y. Chen1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.106, No.5, pp. 357-377, 2015, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2015.106.357

    Abstract The paper presents a comprehensive study on the performance of long endurance and long distance trajectory optimization of engineless UAV in dynamic soaring. A dynamic model of engineless UAV in gradient wind field is developed. Long endurance and long distance trajectory optimization problems are modelled by non-linear optimal control equations. Two different boundary conditions are considered and results are compared: (i) open long endurance pattern, (ii) closed long endurance pattern, (iii) open long distance pattern. In patterns of (i) and (ii), the UAV return to original position with the maximum flying time in pattern (ii) , and in patterns of… More >

  • Open Access


    A New Approach to a Fuzzy Time-Optimal Control Problem

    Ş. Emrah Amrahov1, N. A. Gasilov2, A. G. Fatullayev2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.99, No.5, pp. 351-369, 2014, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2014.099.351

    Abstract In this paper, we present a new approach to a time-optimal control problem with uncertainties. The dynamics of the controlled object, expressed by a linear system of differential equations, is assumed to be crisp, while the initial and final phase states are fuzzy sets. We interpret the problem as a set of crisp problems. We introduce a new notion of fuzzy optimal time and transform its calculation to two classical time-optimal control problems with initial and final sets. We examine the proposed approach on an example which is a problem of fuzzy control of mathematical pendulum. More >

  • Open Access


    Time Domain Inverse Problems in Nonlinear Systems Using Collocation & Radial Basis Functions

    T.A. Elgohary1, L. Dong2, J.L. Junkins3, S.N. Atluri4

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.100, No.1, pp. 59-84, 2014, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2014.100.059

    Abstract In this study, we consider ill-posed time-domain inverse problems for dynamical systems with various boundary conditions and unknown controllers. Dynamical systems characterized by a system of second-order nonlinear ordinary differential equations (ODEs) are recast into a system of nonlinear first order ODEs in mixed variables. Radial Basis Functions (RBFs) are assumed as trial functions for the mixed variables in the time domain. A simple collocation method is developed in the time-domain, with Legendre-Gauss-Lobatto nodes as RBF source points as well as collocation points. The duffing optimal control problem with various prescribed initial and final conditions, as well as the orbital… More >

  • Open Access


    The Optimal Control Problem of Nonlinear Duffing Oscillator Solved by the Lie-Group Adaptive Method

    Chein-Shan Liu1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.86, No.3, pp. 171-198, 2012, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2012.086.171

    Abstract In the optimal control theory, the Hamiltonian formalism is a famous one to find an optimal solution. However, when the performance index is complicated or for a degenerate case with a non-convexity of the Hamiltonian function with respect to the control force the Hamiltonian method does not work to find the solution. In this paper we will address this important issue via a quite different approach, which uses the optimal control problem of nonlinear Duffing oscillator as a demonstrative example. The optimally controlled vibration problem of nonlinear oscillator is recast into a nonlinear inverse problem by identifying the unknown heat… More >

  • Open Access


    Shape Optimization of Body Located in Incompressible Navier--Stokes Flow Based on Optimal Control Theory

    H. Okumura1, M. Kawahara1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.1, No.2, pp. 71-78, 2000, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2000.001.231

    Abstract This paper presents a new approach to a shape optimization problem of a body located in the unsteady incompressible viscous flow field based on an optimal control theory. The optimal state is defined by the reduction of drag and lift forces subjected to the body. The state equation used is the transient incompressible Navier--Stokes equations. The shape optimization problem can be formulated to find out geometrical coordinates of the body to minimize the performance function that is defined to evaluate forces subjected to the body. The fractional step method with the implicit temporal integration and the balancing tensor diffusivity (BTD)… More >

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