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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Effect of Basalt Fiber on Concrete Performance under a Sulfate Attack Environment

    Qiang Su, Jinming Xu*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.1, pp. 233-244, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.020573

    Abstract To enhance the sulfate attack resistance performance of concrete, Sulfate erosion test was carried out on basalt fiber concrete with different contents, selecting a concentration of 5% sulfate solution and using a dry−wet cycle mechanism attack of basalt fiber-reinforced concrete (BFRC). Every 15 dry−wet cycles, the mass, compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, and relative dynamic elastic modulus of BFRC were tested, and the SO42− concentration was measured. This work demonstrates that the mass, relative dynamic elastic modulus, compressive and splitting tensile strength of BFRC reveal a trend of climb up and then decline with the process… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Study on the Durability of Recycled Powder Concrete against Sulfate Attack under Partial Immersion Condition

    Hualei Bai1,2, Ying Li1,2,*, Dahu Dai1,2

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.11, pp. 3059-3078, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.020148

    Abstract In order to make full use of waste recycled fine powder (RFP) in concrete and achieve the goal of carbon neutrality in the concrete industry, the durability of sulfate resistance is an important aspect of evaluating the performance of recycled powder concrete (RPC). Therefore, the durability of RPC under partial sulfate immersion was studied to provide theoretical guidance for understanding the erosion mechanism of RPC. The compressive strength, mass loss, and microstructure change patterns of RPC under partial immersion of 5% Na2SO4 and MgSO4 solutions were analyzed by cubic compressive strength, mass loss rate, SEM-EDS, and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Application of ferrous sulfate alleviates negative impact of cadmium in rice (Oryza sativa L.)

    JAVARIA AFZAL1,2,#, XIUKANG WANG3,*, MUHAMMAD HAMZAH SALEEM4,#, XUECHENG SUN1, SHAHID HUSSAIN5, IMRAN KHAN6, MUHAMMAD SHOAIB RANA1, SHAKEEL AHMED7, SAMRAH AFZAL AWAN6, SAJID FIAZ8, OMAR AZIZ9, KASHIF ALI KUBAR10, SHAFAQAT ALI11,12, CHENGXIAO HU1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.45, No.6, pp. 1631-1649, 2021, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2021.014934

    Abstract Soil contamination with toxic heavy metals [such as cadmium (Cd)] is becoming a serious global problem due to rapid development of social economy. Iron (Fe), being an important element, has been found effective in enhancing plant tolerance against biotic and abiotic stresses. The present study investigated the extent to which different levels of Ferrous sulphate (FeSO4) modulated the Cd tolerance of rice (Oryza sativa L.), when maintained in artificially Cd spiked regimes. A pot experiment was conducted under controlled conditions for 146 days, by using natural soil, mixed with different levels of CdCl2 [0 (no Cd), 0.5… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effect of Mitigating Strength Retrogradation of Alkali Accelerator by the Synergism of Sodium Sulfate and Waste Glass Powder

    Yongdong Xu, Tingshu He*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.11, pp. 1991-1999, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015931

    Abstract This work aims to utilize waste glass powder (WGP) as a plementary material to mitigate the strength shrinkage caused by the alkaline accelerator. Waste glass power was used to replace cement by 0%, 10%, and 20% to evaluate waste glass powder on the alkaline accelerator’s strength retrogradation. The results show that the strength improvement effect of unitary glass powder is inconspicuous. Innovative methods have been proposed to use sodium sulfate and waste glass powder synergism, using the activity of amorphous silica in glass powder. Compared with the reference group, the compressive strength of 28d mortar More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Treatment of Agate Dyeing Wastewater Using an Immobilized Gel Mixture with Nano-Fe3O4 Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria

    Xuying Guo1,*, Guoliang Jiang2, Saiou Fu3, Zhiyong Hu3, Junzhen Di2, Yanrong Dong2, Ying Li4

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.11, pp. 2015-2032, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015878

    Abstract To solve the problems of high Cr6+, Cr3+, SO42– and H+ concentrations, pollution and processing costs associated with agate dyeing industrial drainage, we prepared an immobilized gel mixture for the treatment of such drainage on the basis of microbial immobilization technology. The immobilized gel mixture was composed of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB), corn cob, and nano-Fe3O4 (nFe3O4). We used a single-factor experiment to determine the optimal dose of each matrix component. We analyzed the mechanism underlying the treatment of agate dyeing wastewater with an immobilized gel mixture by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy detection. The results of the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Preparation and Characterization of Potassium Monopersulfate/Ethyl Cellulose Microcapsules and Their Sustained Release Performance

    Qiaoguang Li1, Xuming Yan1, Jialong Chen1, Xugang Shu1,*, Puyou Jia2,*, Xiangjun Liang3

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.10, pp. 1673-1684, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.014695

    Abstract Environmental cleaning is an important aspect of bacteria control. Ethyl cellulose microcapsules containing potassium monopersulfate (PMCM) were prepared by emulsified solvent diffusion method. The chemical structure and microstructure of the obtained PMCM was characterized by methods of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and X-ACT energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The SEM micrographs of the PMCM containing 21.6% of C, 46.8% of O, 10.7% of S and 19.4% of K was relatively smooth. Thermal stability, sustained release performance, and antimicrobial activity of PMCM were investigated. The results showed that the drug loading More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Dynamic Experiment on Treating Acid Mine Drainage with Iron Scrap and Sulfate Reducing Bacteria Using Biomass Materials as Carbon Source

    Xianjun Wang1, Junzhen Di1,*, Yanrong Dong1, Yu Yang1, Bing Liang2, Fankang Meng1, Tingting Wang1, Wenbo An1, Zengxin Li3, Jianzhi Guo3

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.1, pp. 163-177, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.011678

    Abstract

    The study is aimed at the problem of high content of Cr6+, Cr3+ and SO42– is high and low pH value in acid mine drainage (AMD). Moreover, treatment of AMD by sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) requires the addition of carbon source, while the treating effectiveness is not good enough on its own. The sugarcane slag, the corn cob and the sunflower straw were selected as the SRB carbon source cooperating with iron scrap to construct the dynamic columns 1, 2 and 3. The mechanism of removing Cr6+, Cr3+, SO42– and H+ and the regularity of sustained

    More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Orientation on the Mechanistics of Electron-Transfer on Oxidation of Chondroitin-4-Sulfate as Sustainable Sulfated Polysaccharide by Permanganate Ion in Aqueous Perchlorate Solutions

    Refat Hassan1,*, Hideo Takagi2, Samia Ibrahim3

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.8, No.2, pp. 205-218, 2020, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2020.08530

    Abstract A spectrophotometric investigation of oxidation of chondroitin-4-sulfate (CS) as a sustainable and biodegradable sulfated macromolecule by oxyanion permanganate ion as multi-equivalent oxidant in acid perchlorate solutions at a constant ionic strength of 2.0 mol dm-3 has been studied. The experimental results on the influence of the concentration of the reactants the reaction rates revealed first-order dependence in MnO4 , fractional second-order in [CS] and fractional first-order with respect to the hydrogen ion concentration. The hydrogen acid concentration dependence of the rate constants indicated that the oxidation rates were increased with increasing the acid concentration which means… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Sodium sulfate exposure slows growth of native pecan seedlings

    Moreno-Izaguirre E1, D Ojeda-Barrios2, G Avila-Quezada2, V Guerrero-Prieto3, R Parra-Quezada3, T Ruiz-Anchondo2

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.84, No.1, pp. 80-85, 2015, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2015.84.080

    Abstract Pecan [Carya illinoensis (Wanngenh) K. Koch] is one of the most important nut crops in arid and semiarid regions of Mexico. Here, most pecans are grown in saline soils having poor permeability which are further degraded by the use of low-quality irrigation water. Salinity adversely affects both pecan nut quality and yield. Little work has been done to explore the physiological effects of salinity on native pecan trees. Here we examine physiological changes determined by exposure of pecan seedlings to sodium sulfate (Na2SO4) at four concentrations: 1000, 2000, 3000 and 4000 mg/L applied twice weekly over a… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effect of chemical mutagens and X-rays on morphological and physiological traits of tulips

    edaghathoor S, F Sharifi, A Eslami

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.86, pp. 252-257, 2017, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2017.86.252

    Abstract The tulip (Tulipa sp.) is an ornamental plant produced by bulbs. Wild tulips are native to several areas of Iran, especially the Alborz and Zagros mountains. Endemic Iranian tulips are the origin of some commercial cultivars of tulip, and mutagens are commonly used to produce new traits and varieties. In this trial, X-rays were applied at 60, 70 and 80 kV; sodium azide (SA) at doses of 0.01%, 0.02%, and 0.03%, and diethyl sulfate (DES) at doses of 0.1%, 0.2% and 0.4 on Kess Nelis and Jan Van Ness varieties of tulip. Morphophysiological traits of the More >

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