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  • Open Access


    Effects of the number of neoadjuvant therapy cycles on clinical outcomes, safety, and survival in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer undergoing metastasectomy


    Oncology Research, Vol.30, No.2, pp. 65-76, 2022, DOI:10.32604/or.2022.026659

    Abstract The controversial outcomes in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) highlight the need for developing effective systemic neoadjuvant treatment strategies to improve clinical results. The optimal treatment cycles in patients with mCRC for metastasectomy remain undefined. This retrospective study compared the efficacy, safety, and survival of cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy/targeted therapy for such patients. Sixty-four patients with mCRC who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy/targeted therapy following metastasectomy were enrolled between January 2018 and April 2022. Twenty-eight patients received 6 cycles of chemotherapy/targeted therapy, whereas 36 patients received ≥7 cycles (median, 13; range, 7–20). Clinical outcomes, including response, progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival… More >

  • Open Access


    Advances in Targeted Therapy Against Driver Mutations and Epigenetic Alterations in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

    Jiajian Shi1, Yuchen Chen1,*, Chentai Peng1, Linwu Kuang2, Zitong Zhang1, Yangkai Li2,*, Kun Huang1

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.4, pp. 613-648, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.027545

    Abstract The incidence and mortality of lung cancer rank top three of all cancers worldwide. Accounting for 85% of the total number of lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is an important factor endangering human health. Recently, targeted therapies against driver mutations and epigenetic alterations have made encouraging advances that benefit NSCLC patients. Druggable driver mutations, which mainly occur in EGFR, KRAS, MET, HER2, ALK, ROS1, RET and BRAF, have been identified in more than a quarter of NSCLC patients. A series of highly selective mutant targeting inhibitors, such as EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors and KRAS inhibitors, have been well… More >

  • Open Access


    Glucocorticoid reduces the efficacy of afatinib on the head and neck squamous cell carcinoma


    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 329-338, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.023489

    Abstract Glucocorticoids (GC) are widely used to counter the adverse events during cancer therapy; nonetheless, previous studies pointed out that GC may reduce the efficacy of chemotherapy on cancer cells, especially in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeted therapy of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remaining to be elucidated. The primary aim of the present study was to probe into the GC-induced resistance of EGFR-targeted drug afatinib and the underlying mechanism. HNSCC cell lines (HSC-3, SCC-25, SCC-9, and H-400) and the human oral keratinocyte (HOK) cell lines were assessed for GC receptor (GR) expression. The promoting tumor growth effect of… More >

  • Open Access


    LncRNA PRRT3-AS1 exerts oncogenic effects on nonsmall cell lung cancer by targeting microRNA-507/homeobox B5 axis


    Oncology Research, Vol.29, No.6, pp. 411-423, 2021, DOI:10.32604/or.2022.026236

    Abstract Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) act as key regulators controlling complex cellular behaviors in nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We investigated the expression of lncRNA PRRT3 antisense RNA 1 (PRRT3-AS1) in paired samples of NSCLC and adjacent normal tissues from a patient cohort in our hospital using real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and found that it was significantly higher in NSCLC tissue than in normal tissue, consistent with The Cancer Genome Atlas database. Furthermore, functional investigation revealed that lncRNA PRRT3-AS1 depletion inhibited NSCLC-cell proliferation, colony formation, invasion, and migration, whereas its overexpression exerted the opposite effects. Moreover, PRRT3-AS1… More >

  • Open Access


    Surgery Combined with Molecular Targeted Therapy Successfully Treated Giant Esophageal Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor

    Mengjie Li1,#, Jun Wei2,#, Guihua Xu3,#, Ying Liu3,*, Jian Zhu3,*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.2, pp. 349-356, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.022436

    Abstract Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are rare neoplasms arising from mesenchymal cells of the digestive tract and abdomen. Only a few isolated cases of giant esophageal GISTs (greater than 5 cm in size) have been reported with clinical features and surgical methods. Radical esophagectomy with negative margins, followed by gastric tube reconstruction, is recommended for giant esophageal GISTs. However, patients undergoing this type of surgery experienced a sharp decrease in food intake (due to the removal of most of the stomach) and were prone to eating regurgitation, resulting in poor quality of life. We describe the case of a 65-year-old man… More >

  • Open Access


    Targeted Therapeutic Approaches in Vulvar Squamous Cell Cancer (VSCC): Case Series and Review of the Literature

    Linn Woelber*1, Sabrina Mathey*1, Katharina Prieske*†, Sascha Kuerti*, Christoph Hillen*, Eike Burandt, Anja Coym§, Volkmar Mueller*, Barbara Schmalfeldt*, Anna Jaeger*

    Oncology Research, Vol.28, No.6, pp. 645-659, 2020, DOI:10.3727/096504020X16076861118243

    Abstract Therapeutic options in recurrent or metastasized vulvar squamous cell cancer (VSCC) not amenable to radiotherapy or radical surgery are limited. Evidence for the use of targeted therapies is sparse. All patients with VSCC treated at the Gynecological Cancer Center Hamburg-Eppendorf 2013–2019 were retrospectively evaluated for targeted therapeutic approaches. Furthermore, a MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, Scopus, and OVID database search was performed using the terms: “vulvar cancer” AND “targeted therapy,” “erlotinib,” “EGFR,” “bevacizumab,” “VEGF,” “pembrolizumab,” or “immunotherapy.” Twelve of 291 patients (4.1%) with VSCC received at least one targeted therapy at our institution. Previously, one or more platinumbased chemotherapy was… More >

  • Open Access


    Long Noncoding RNA LAMTOR5-AS1 Interference Affects MicroRNA-506-3p/ E2F6-Mediated Behavior of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Cells

    Guojie Chen*1, Kai Wang*1, Guoshu Li†1, Leidong Wang, Yangyang Xiao§, Bo Chen

    Oncology Research, Vol.28, No.9, pp. 945-959, 2020, DOI:10.3727/096504021X16328213967104

    Abstract Long noncoding RNA LAMTOR5 antisense RNA 1 (LAMTOR5-AS1) has been certified as a risk predictor and diagnostic biomarker of prostate cancer. However, the expression and exact roles of LAMTOR5-AS1 in nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remain unclear. Thus, we measured LAMTOR5-AS1 expression in NSCLC and gauged its clinical value. The detailed roles and downstream working mechanism of LAMTOR5-AS1 in NSCLC were comprehensively unraveled. qRT-PCR was applied to measure gene expression. Functionally, utilizing small interfering RNA, LAMTOR5-AS1 was ablated, and the functional alterations were addressed by means of different experiments. The targeting activities between LAMTOR5-AS1 and microRNA-506-3p (miR-506-3p) and between miR-506-3p… More >

  • Open Access


    Therapeutic Targeting PLK1 by ON-01910.Na Is Effective in Local Treatment of Retinoblastoma

    Huan Ma1, Cong Nie1, Ying Chen, Jinmiao Li, Yanjie Xie, Zhixin Tang, Yang Gao, Siming Ai, Yuxiang Mao, Qian Sun, Rong Lu

    Oncology Research, Vol.28, No.7-8, pp. 745-761, 2020, DOI:10.3727/096504021X16130322409507

    Abstract Cell cycle deregulation is involved in the pathogenesis of many cancers and is often associated with protein kinase aberrations, including the polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1). We used retinoblastoma, an intraocular malignancy that lacks targeted therapy, as a disease model and set out to reveal targetability of PLK1 with a small molecular inhibitor ON-01910.Na. First, transcriptomic analysis on patient retinoblastoma tissues suggested that cell cycle progression was deregulated and confirmed that PLK1 pathway was upregulated. Next, antitumor activity of ON-01910.Na was investigated in both cellular and animal levels. Cytotoxicity induced by ON-01910.Na was tumor specific and dose dependent in retinoblastoma cells,… More >

  • Open Access


    Proteogenomics for pediatric brain cancer


    BIOCELL, Vol.45, No.6, pp. 1459-1463, 2021, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2021.017369

    Abstract Pediatric central nervous system tumors are the most common tumors in children, it constitute 15%–20% of all malignancies in children and are the leading cause of cancer related deaths in children. Proteogenomics is an emerging field of biological research that utilizes a combination of proteomics, genomics, and transcriptomics to aid in the discovery and identification of biomarkers for diagnosis and therapeutic purposes. Integrative proteogenomics analysis of pediatric tumors identified underlying biological processes and potential treatments as well as the functional effects of somatic mutations and copy number variation driving tumorigenesis. More >

  • Open Access


    Prolonged Survival in Patients with Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor-2-Overexpressed Metastatic Breast Cancer after Targeted Therapy is Dominantly Contributed by Luminal-Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor-2 Population

    Keiichi Kontani1,*, Kana Kuraishi1, Shin-ichiro Hashimoto1, Shoko Norimura2, Nozomi Hashimoto1, Masahiro Ohtani3, Naomi Fujiwara-Honjo4, Manabu Date5, Koji Teramoto6, Hiroyasu Yokomise1

    Oncologie, Vol.23, No.2, pp. 229-239, 2021, DOI:10.32604/Oncologie.2021.016277

    Abstract The prognosis of patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2)-overexpressed metastatic breast cancer (MBC) has improved drastically following the development of anti-HER2 therapies. We question what factors are involved in the improved outcome by the treatment. One hundred and two MBC patients who received chemotherapy were classified into groups according to breast cancer subtype: luminal/HER2-negative (n = 50), HER2 (n = 26), and triple-negative subtypes (n = 26). Clinicopathologic features and clinical outcomes of the groups were compared. Disease-free intervals in the triple-negative group were significantly shorter than those in the other two groups. Age, tumor grade, the number… More >

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