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  • Open Access


    Multimodal Spatiotemporal Feature Map for Dynamic Gesture Recognition

    Xiaorui Zhang1,2,3,*, Xianglong Zeng1, Wei Sun3,4, Yongjun Ren1,2,3, Tong Xu5

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.1, pp. 671-686, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.035119

    Abstract Gesture recognition technology enables machines to read human gestures and has significant application prospects in the fields of human-computer interaction and sign language translation. Existing researches usually use convolutional neural networks to extract features directly from raw gesture data for gesture recognition, but the networks are affected by much interference information in the input data and thus fit to some unimportant features. In this paper, we proposed a novel method for encoding spatio-temporal information, which can enhance the key features required for gesture recognition, such as shape, structure, contour, position and hand motion of gestures, thereby improving the accuracy of… More >

  • Open Access


    A Lightweight Driver Drowsiness Detection System Using 3DCNN With LSTM

    Sara A. Alameen*, Areej M. Alhothali

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.44, No.1, pp. 895-912, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.024643

    Abstract Today, fatalities, physical injuries, and significant economic losses occur due to car accidents. Among the leading causes of car accidents is drowsiness behind the wheel, which can affect any driver. Drowsiness and sleepiness often have associated indicators that researchers can use to identify and promptly warn drowsy drivers to avoid potential accidents. This paper proposes a spatiotemporal model for monitoring drowsiness visual indicators from videos. This model depends on integrating a 3D convolutional neural network (3D-CNN) and long short-term memory (LSTM). The 3DCNN-LSTM can analyze long sequences by applying the 3D-CNN to extract spatiotemporal features within adjacent frames. The learned… More >

  • Open Access


    A Hybrid Intrusion Detection Model Based on Spatiotemporal Features

    Linbei Wang1 , Zaoyu Tao1, Lina Wang2,*, Yongjun Ren3

    Journal of Quantum Computing, Vol.3, No.3, pp. 107-118, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jqc.2021.016857

    Abstract With the accelerating process of social informatization, our personal information security and Internet sites, etc., have been facing a series of threats and challenges. Recently, well-developed neural network has seen great advancement in natural language processing and computer vision, which is also adopted in intrusion detection. In this research, a hybrid model integrating MultiScale Convolutional Neural Network and Long Short-term Memory Network (MSCNN-LSTM) is designed to conduct the intrusion detection. Multi-Scale Convolutional Neural Network (MSCNN) is used to extract the spatial characteristics of data sets. And Long Short-term Memory Network (LSTM) is responsible for processing the temporal characteristics. The data… More >

  • Open Access


    Engagement Detection Based on Analyzing Micro Body Gestures Using 3D CNN

    Shoroog Khenkar1,*, Salma Kammoun Jarraya1,2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.2, pp. 2655-2677, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.019152

    Abstract This paper proposes a novel, efficient and affordable approach to detect the students’ engagement levels in an e-learning environment by using webcams. Our method analyzes spatiotemporal features of e-learners’ micro body gestures, which will be mapped to emotions and appropriate engagement states. The proposed engagement detection model uses a three-dimensional convolutional neural network to analyze both temporal and spatial information across video frames. We follow a transfer learning approach by using the C3D model that was trained on the Sports-1M dataset. The adopted C3D model was used based on two different approaches; as a feature extractor with linear classifiers and… More >

  • Open Access


    Spam Detection in Reviews Using LSTM-Based Multi-Entity Temporal Features

    Lingyun Xiang1,2,3, Guoqing Guo2, Qian Li4, Chengzhang Zhu5,*, Jiuren Chen6, Haoliang Ma2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.26, No.6, pp. 1375-1390, 2020, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2020.013382

    Abstract Current works on spam detection in product reviews tend to ignore the temporal relevance among reviews in the user or product entity, resulting in poor detection performance. To address this issue, the present paper proposes a spam detection method that jointly learns comprehensive temporal features from both behavioral and text features in user and product entities. We first extract the behavioral features of a single review, then employ a convolutional neural network (CNN) to learn the text features of this review. We next combine the behavioral features with the text features of each review and train a Long-Short-Term Memory (LSTM)… More >

  • Open Access


    Analysis and Application of the Spatio-Temporal Feature in Wind Power Prediction

    Ruiguo Yu1,2, Zhiqiang Liu1,2, Jianrong Wang1,3, Mankun Zhao1,2, Jie Gao1,3, Mei Yu1,3,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.33, No.4, pp. 267-274, 2018, DOI:10.32604/csse.2018.33.267

    Abstract The spatio-temporal feature with historical wind power information and spatial information can effectively improve the accuracy of wind power prediction, but the role of the spatio-temporal feature has not yet been fully discovered. This paper investigates the variance of the spatio-temporal feature. Based on this, a hybrid machine learning method for wind power prediction is designed. First, the training set is divided into several groups according to the variance of the input pattern, and then each group is used to train one or more predictors respectively. Multiple machine learning methods, such as the support vector machine regression and the decision… More >

  • Open Access


    FP-STE: A Novel Node Failure Prediction Method Based on Spatio-Temporal Feature Extraction in Data Centers

    Yang Yang1,*, Jing Dong1, Chao Fang2, Ping Xie3, Na An3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.123, No.3, pp. 1015-1031, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2020.09404

    Abstract The development of cloud computing and virtualization technology has brought great challenges to the reliability of data center services. Data centers typically contain a large number of compute and storage nodes which may fail and affect the quality of service. Failure prediction is an important means of ensuring service availability. Predicting node failure in cloud-based data centers is challenging because the failure symptoms reflected have complex characteristics, and the distribution imbalance between the failure sample and the normal sample is widespread, resulting in inaccurate failure prediction. Targeting these challenges, this paper proposes a novel failure prediction method FP-STE (Failure Prediction… More >

  • Open Access


    A Dynamical Approach to the Spatio-temporal Features of the Portevin-Le Chatelier Effect


    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.7, No.3, pp. 233-240, 2005, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2005.007.233

    Abstract We show that the extended Ananthakrishna's model exhibits all the features of the Portevin - Le Chatelier effect including the three types of bands. The model reproduces the recently observed crossover from a low dimensional chaotic state at low and medium strain rates to a high dimensional power law state of stress drops at high strain rates. The dynamics of crossover is elucidated through a study of the Lyapunov spectrum. More >

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