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  • Open Access


    The Mechanisms of Trichoderma Species to Reduce Drought and Salinity Stress in Plants

    Mohammad Reza Boorboori, Haiyang Zhang*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.8, pp. 2261-2281, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.029486

    Abstract Environmental stresses caused by climate change have severely affected agriculture in the present century; Salinity and drought have challenged most forecasts for increased agricultural production in the past few decades, therefore, different methods that reduce the effect of these stresses on plants have attracted scientists’ attention. The effect of beneficial soil microorganisms on soil health and increasing plants’ resistance to stresses is one of the solutions that researchers have paid attention to. This study investigated how Trichoderma species can be affected by the molecular and morphophysiological mechanisms of plants and improve their salt and drought resistance. This study also studied… More >

  • Open Access


    The Ability of Some Aquatic and Terrestrial Plants to Purify Domestic Wastewater

    Abida Kausar1,*, Noreen Zahra1,2, Humaira Kiran1, Sadia Asim3, Abid Raza4, Ali Raza5,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.8, pp. 2245-2260, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.028264

    Abstract The study aimed to evaluate the ability of some terrestrial and aquatic plants for wastewater purification. Aquatic plants can remove pollutants from wastewater by consuming and accumulating various contaminants in different parts of plants. Different aquatic and terrestrial plants (Rosa sinensis, Typha latifolia, Ocimm bacilicum, Azolla pinnata, and Salvinia molesta) which have the ability to decrease water pollution were utilized in this study. The capability of five different species of plants was investigated by measuring chemical oxygen demand (COD), biological oxygen demand (BOD), electrical conductivity (EC), total dissolved solids (TDS), and pH of the medium. In this research, some aquatic… More >

  • Open Access


    Elicitation-Based Modulation of Shelf Life in Fruits: Physiological and Molecular Insights

    Ankita Kundu1, Abir Das1, Sayan Pal1, Arijit Ghosh1, Malay Kumar Adak1,*, Masayuki Fujita2, Mirza Hasanuzzaman3,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.8, pp. 2283-2300, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.028178

    Abstract The process of ripening involves physiological and biochemical events that become a concern during postharvest storage. We have documented different approaches for the preservation and maintenance of fruit quality during the postharvest period that are biocompatible and fully safe for consumption. Chemical residues that sustain sensory characteristics, such as color, flavor, aroma, and texture, are considered. In fruit ripening, both physical and chemical elicitors are described that regulate ethylene biosynthesis or its signaling for gene expression. The key regulatory enzymes, such as ACC synthase and ACC oxidase, for ethylene biosynthesis, are important for both climacteric and non-climacteric fruits. Anti-oxidizing genes… More >

  • Open Access


    Biological Analysis and Response to Low Phosphate Stress of Phosphate Transporter Family 1 (PHT1)) Genes in Solanum tuberosum L.

    Yangyang Du1, Yuanyuan Bao2, Lu Zheng1, Qinglong Tian1, Xinyong Zhang1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.8, pp. 2325-2348, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.027642

    Abstract Inorganic phosphate (Pi) is one of the main nutrients necessary for plant growth. Phosphate transporters mediate the acquisition, transport and recycling of phosphate, which is essential for plant growth and development. Although PHT1 has been reported in many plants at home and abroad, it is rarely studied in potato. Therefore, it is of great significance to study the PHT1 family members in order to understand the molecular response mechanism of potato in low phosphate state. In this study, a total of 6 potato PHT1 genes were identified and isolated. It was found that after the expression of different members of… More >

  • Open Access


    Tissue Culture of Calla Lily (Zantedeschia spreng.): An Updated Review on the Present Scenario and Future Prospects

    Xuan Sun1,2, Xue Wang1, Bijaya Sharma Subedi3, Yin Jiang1,2, Di Wang1,2, Rongxin Gou1,2, Guojun Zhang2, Wenting Xu4,*, Zunzheng Wei1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.8, pp. 2413-2428, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.029667

    Abstract The calla lily (Zantedeschia spreng.) is a bulbous flower native to the tropical regions of Africa. Calla lily has gained significant popularity in the international market owing to its intricate morphology and prolonged flowering duration. Despite such advantages, for two sub-groups of calla lily, known as group Zantedeschia and group Aestivae, there are challenges in terms of hybrid production due to the ‘plastome-genome incompatibility’ therebetween. Tissue culture is a fundamental biotechnological tool used in gene editing research, with a focus on disease resistance and flower color in calla lily breeding programs. The present review provides a brief background on the… More >

  • Open Access


    Selenium: A Game Changer in Plant Development, Growth, and Stress Tolerance, via the Modulation in Gene Expression and Secondary Metabolite Biosynthesis

    Ali Bandehagh1,*, Zahra Dehghanian2, Vahideh Gougerdchi1, Mohammad Anwar Hossain3,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.8, pp. 2301-2324, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.028586

    Abstract The presence of selenium (Se) is not widely established as crucial for crops, although it is commonly recognized as an important nutrient for animals as well as humans. Even so, it is inevitably accepted that Se usually contributes positively to the life cycle of plants. Previous findings suggested that small amounts of Se seem to have a productive role in growth and production. As a result, Se is assumed to function in multiple ways, primarily by influencing a variety of biochemical and physiological functions. Also, Se also acts as a plant antioxidant and pro-oxidant and confers tolerance against different abiotic… More >

  • Open Access


    Cloning and Functional Validation of Mung Bean VrPR Gene

    Xiaokui Huang1, Yingbin Xue1, Aaqil Khan1, Hanqiao Hu1, Naijie Feng1,2,*, Dianfeng Zheng1,2,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.8, pp. 2369-2382, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.027457

    Abstract For the purpose of functional validation, the mung bean (Vigna radiata) VrPR gene was cloned and overexpressed in Arabidopsis thaliana. The findings revealed that the ORF of VrPR contained 1200 bp, in which 399 amino acids were encoded. Bioinformatics analysis showed that the VrPR protein belonged to the NADB Rossmann superfamily, which was one of the non-transmembrane hydrophilic proteins. VrPR was assumed to have 44 amino acid phosphorylation sites and be contained in chloroplasts. The VrPR secondary structure comprised of random coil, α helix, β angle, and extended chain, all of which were quite compatible with the anticipated tertiary structure.… More >

  • Open Access


    In silico Prediction and Analysis of Potential Off-Targets and Off-Target Mutation Detection in StERF3-Gene Edited Potato Plants

    Hafiza Arooj Razzaq1, Siddra Ijaz1,*, Imran Ul Haq2, Faisal Saeed Awan1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.8, pp. 2451-2460, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.030501

    Abstract The imperative aspect of the CRISPR/Cas9 system is a short stretch of 20 nucleotides of gRNA that control the overall specificity. Due to the small size, the chance of its multiple occurrences in the genome increases; however, a few mismatches are tolerated by the Cas9 endonuclease activity. An accurate and careful in silico-based off-target prediction while target selection is preferred to address the issue. These predictions are based on a comprehensive set of selectable parameters. Therefore, we investigated the possible off-target prediction and their screening in StERF3 gene-edited potato plants while developing StERF3-loss-of-function mutants using CRISPR/Cas9 approach. The 201 off-targets… More >

  • Open Access


    Genotypic Divergence, Photosynthetic Efficiency, Sodium Extrusion, and Osmoprotectant Regulation Conferred Salt Tolerance in Sorghum

    Ashaduzzaman Sagar1 , Md. Sabibul Haque1, Md. Alamgir Hossain1, Md. Nesar Uddin1, Jannat E. Tajkia1, Md. Ashik Mia1, Toufika Hossain Shabi2, Md. Solaiman Ali Fakir1, Md. Abdul Kader3,4,5, Walid Soufan6, Md. Atikur Rahman7, Muhammad Aamir Iqbal8, Mohammad Sohidul Islam9, Ayman El Sabagh10,*, A. K. M. Zakir Hossain1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.8, pp. 2349-2368, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.028974

    Abstract Salt stress is one of the major limitations to modern agriculture that negatively influences plant growth and productivity. Salt tolerant cultivar can provide excellent solution to enhance stress tolerance with plant fitness to unfavorable environments. Therefore, this study was aimed to screen salt tolerant sorghum genotypes through evaluating of different morphological, biochemical, and physiological attributes in response to salinity stress. In this study, we have been evaluated total six sorghum genotypes including Hybrid sorgo, Debgiri, BD-703, BD-706, BD-707, and BD-725 under salt stress (12 dS m−1 NaCl). The response variables included length and weight of root and shoot, root: shoot… More >

  • Open Access


    The Function of GABA in Plant Cell Growth, Development and Stress Response

    Yue Jin1, Lulu Zhi1, Xin Tang1, Yilin Chen1, John T. Hancock2, Xiangyang Hu1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.8, pp. 2211-2225, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026595

    Abstract Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a ubiquitous four-carbon non-protein amino acid that is involved in various physiological processes of plant growth and development, such as root architecture, stem elongation, leaf senescence, pollen tube growth, fruit ripening, and seed germination. GABA is also related to plant stress responses, such as drought, salt, cold, and heat stresses. Regulation of GABA in plant stress responses is complex and involves multiple signaling pathways, including calcium and hormone signaling. This paper systematically reviews the synthesis, metabolic pathways and regulatory role of GABA in plants, which will provide new insights into the understanding of plant growth and… More >

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