Advanced Search
Displaying 721-730 on page 73 of 756. Per Page  

Articles / Online

  • Impacts of sewage irrigation on soil properties of a farmland in China: A review
  • Abstract Fresh water is a valuable nonrenewable resource and plays an important role in maintaining economic and social development. Considering its large population and consumption potential, water resource deficits will certainly not allow a sustainable development of basic industries in China in the near future. Application of sewage irrigation, to some extent, was regarded as an alternative way to solve the problem of agricultural water shortage in some areas (such as North China). However, accompanied with an extensive implementation of sewage irrigation, some problems with sewage irrigation became gradually obvious in agriculture, especially those related with pollution and destruction of farmlands.…
  • More
  •   Views:745       Downloads:790        Download PDF
  • Potential spatial expansion of Ulmus macrocarpa population in Keerqin sandy lands, China
  • Abstract Ulmus macrocarpa Hance can form monodominant woodlands in the semiarid Keerqin sandy lands, China. Methods of sampling at meter intervals from the bases of trees at the woodland edges and isolated trees, respectively, were employed along vertical sections in different directions. Using statistical methods based on the density function of the Weibull distribution, the patterns of seed dispersal and the spatial expansion response of U. macrocarpa, which is a typical anemochorous plant, were analyzed. Although as an effect of the wind direction varying owing to the monsoon, there were differences in the degree of dispersal of seeds in terms of…
  • More
  •   Views:713       Downloads:549        Download PDF
  • Seed inoculation with Pseudomonas fluorescens and Pseudomonas syringae enhanced maize growth in a compacted saline-sodic soil
  • Abstract Abiotic stresses like salt stress and soil compaction are responsible for increased ethylene production which may adversely affect crop growth. A field experiment was conducted to evaluate the response of seed inoculation with ACC-deaminase containing rhizobacteria (Pseudomonas fluorescens and Pseudomonas syringae) in the presence of recommended or half of a recommended rate of inorganic fertilizers at different growth stages of fodder maize in a compacted saline-sodic soil. At both fertilizer rates, seed inoculation with P. fluorescens and P. syringae significantly improved all growth parameters over the control treatment. After 30, 60 and 75 days of sowing, treatment with recommended NPK…
  • More
  •   Views:714       Downloads:587        Download PDF
  • Effect of gibberellic acid on postharvest of sunflower and its potassium fertilization in alkaline soil
  • Abstract Sunflower is a crop that is used as ornamental, oleaginous, forage, and currently as a bioremediation plant, of hard water affected soils. For this reason, the main objective of this investigation was to study the effect of potassium fertilization on yield under field conditions, and the effect of gibberellic acid (GA3), at postharvest of inflorescences. Two experiments were established, under field and laboratory conditions. In the field experiment, four levels of potassium, 0, 50, 100 and 150 kg/ha were evaluated, under a randomized complete block design and four replicates (4×4) = 16 experimental units. The variables evaluated were agronomic and…
  • More
  •   Views:848       Downloads:801        Download PDF
  • Changes in soil phosphorus fractions caused by cropping without nutrient reposition. A case study
  • Abstract Previous studies in soils of the Pampas region indicate the prevalence of calcium phosphates within the very complex mix of phosphorus (P) compounds in the soils. We studied the changes in P fractions in a punctual situation in the Pampas region. The sampling was carried out in a farm located near the city of Junín (-34.585; -60.9589) and the soil was Junín series Typic Hapludoll. The farm was devoted to grazing and sporadic crops, but from the last 30 years changed to continuous agriculture. At no time fertilization matched nutrients removal by crops. The soil P fractions were determined using…
  • More
  •   Views:740       Downloads:579        Download PDF
  • Species of Trichoderma antagonistic to the root knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) in habanero pepper
  • Abstract The root knot nematode Meloidogyne spp. is an important endoparasite limiting the cultivation of horticultural species and affecting the plants of at least 3000 species, including grasses, vegetables, ornamentals, fruit and forest. The aim of this study was to estimate the potential of three species of Trichoderma as antagonists of M. incognita in plants of Capsicum chinense under greenhouse conditions. A bioassay was established with plants of C. chinense previously inoculated with Trichoderma spp. and transplanted to pots with sterile substrate; the plants were subsequently inoculated with 300 infective second-stage larvae (J2) and 1000 larvae eggs of M. incognita. A…
  • More
  •   Views:979       Downloads:726        Download PDF
  • Effects of Various Light-Emitting Diode (LEd) Wavelengths on the Growth of Scenedesmus Obliquus Fachb-12 and Accumulation of Astaxanthin
  • Abstract Given the central role of light in the algal photosynthesis, respiration, cell division, growth and the accumulation of value products, the effects of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) light wavelengths (blue, white, red and green) were studied in Scenedesmus obliquus. Biomass, residual nutrient amount, soluble protein, astaxanthin and reactive oxygen species, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and peroxidase (POD) activity were analyzed to determine the effects of different monochromatic light wavelengths via biochemical methods. The results showed that blue light wavelength is the optimal light wavelength for phosphorus removal efficiency and the accumulation of biomass and astaxanthin in S. obliquus. Meanwhile, high…
  • More
  •   Views:2512       Downloads:2482        Download PDF
  • Control Alternatives for Damping-Off in Tomato Seedling Production
  • Abstract In two tomato genotypes, we assessed control alternatives for damping-off with combinations of chemical fungicides and native/commercial strains of biological agents. Forty treatments consisting of 19 levels of mixing products, chemical fungicides, native strains and commercial products from biological control agents, and untreated treatment were used onto Ramsés and Toro hybrids. They were distributed on an incomplete block design in divided plots arrangement, where genotypes constitute the larger ones and the 8-repetition mixed products, the smaller ones. Putting 180 mL of fungal complexes, made of spores and mycellium Fusarium-solani (2 × 106 UFC), Rhizoctonia-solani (1 × 106 UFC), Phytophthora-capsici (1…
  • More
  •   Views:2184       Downloads:947        Download PDF
  • Antifungal Activity of Schinifoline Against Candida Albicans in Caenorhabditis Elegans
  • Abstract Zanthoxylum schinifolium has been used as spices and traditional medicine in China for hundreds of years. A variety of active substances have been isolated from Zanthoxylum schinifolium using biological and chemical techniques. Among these substances, the effect of schinifoline has gradually attracted much attention. Candida albicans is one of the most common pathogens isolated from the gastrointestinal tract, vagina, and mouth in healthy individuals. In a healthy population, there are various mechanisms in host, such as the microbial flora, the epithelial barriers, and the innate immune system, that can control the presence of Candida albicans. However, when host immunity is…
  • More
  •   Views:2684       Downloads:967        Download PDF
  • Pollen Morphology of Indian Species of Saraca L. (Leguminosae)-A Threatened and Legendary Medicinal Tree
  • Abstract The genus Saraca L. (Leguminosae) is a universal panacea in herbal medicine. The present study investigates the comparative pollen morphology of four species of Saraca viz. S. asoca (Roxb.) de Wilde, S. declinata (Jack) Miq., S. indica L., and S. thaipingensis Cantley ex Prain growing in India to reveal differences of their pollen structures to aid taxonomic and evolutionary values. The detailed morphology and surface structure of pollen grains were studied and described using light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The pollen grains of Saraca showed isopolar, para-syncolporate, tricolporate, with radially symmetric, prolate and prolate-spheroidal structure. The surface of pollen…
  • More
  •   Views:2297       Downloads:1438        Download PDF
Displaying 721-730 on page 73 of 756. Per Page