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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Morphology, Phylogeny and Culture Characteristics of Ganoderma gibbosum Collected from Kunming, Yunnan Province, China

    Thatsanee Luangharn1,2,3,4, Samantha C. Karunarathna1,3, Peter E. Mortimer1,4,*, Kevin D. Hyde3,5, Jianchu Xu1,3,4,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol., , DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.09690

    Abstract Ganoderma is a genus of medicinally and economically important mushrooms in the family Ganodermataceae. Ganoderma species are popular medicinal mushrooms and their health benefits are well-documented. Ganoderma is a cosmopolitan genus that is widely distributed in both tropical and temperate regions. This genus is characterized by its unique laccate or non-laccate species with double-walled basidiospores. Here, we report on eight collections of G. gibbosum collected during surveys in Kunming, Yunnan Province, China. The specimens are described and illustrated based on macro- and micro-morphological characteristics. Total DNA of the eight G. gibbosum strains were extracted using the Biospin Fungal Extraction Kit… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Sub-Surface Drip Irrigation in Associated with H2O2 Improved the Productivity of Maize under Clay-Rich Soil of Adana, Turkey

    Alhan Sariyev1, Celaleddin Barutcular2,*, Mert Acar1, Akbar Hossain3, Ayman EL Sabagh2,4,5,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol., , DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.09142

    Abstract Maize being sub-tropical crop is sensitive to water deficit during the early growth stages; particularly clay-rich soil, due to the compaction of the soil. It is well-documented that potential sub-surface drip irrigation (SDI) (Full irrigation; SDIFull (100% field capacity (FC)), Deficit irrigation; SDIDeficit (70% FC)) improves water use efficiency, which leads to increased crop productivity; since it has a constraint that SDI excludes soil air around the root-zone during irrigation events, which alter the root function and crop performance. Additionally, in clayrich soils, the root system of plants generally suffers the limitation of oxygen, particularly the temporal hypoxia, and occasionally… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    In Vitro Propagation, Isolation and Expression Studies of Suaeda edulis Genes Involved in the Osmoprotectants Biosynthesis

    Gloria Viviana Cerrillo-Rojas1, Mariana Tiscareño-Andrade1, Ana Erika Ochoa-Alfaro2, Eugenio Pérez-Molphe Balch1, Ruth Elena Soria-Guerra2, José Francisco Morales-Domínguez1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol., , DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.09769

    Abstract Halophytes are an excellent choice for the study of genes conferring salt tolerance to salt-sensitive plants and, they are suitable for reclamation and remediation of saline soil. We develop an in vitro plant propagation protocol and studies of genes involved with GB and Pro biosynthesis in Suaeda edulis. Axillary buds were used as explants and cultured in different treatments on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with different concentrations and combinations of plant growth regulators. The highest number of multiple shoots was on MS medium containing 1 mg/L Benzyladenine (BA) and / or 2 g/L activated carbon with 5.5 ±… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Sexual Morph of Furcasterigmium furcatum (Plectosphaerellaceae) from Magnolia liliifera Collected in Northern Thailand

    Jutamart Monkai1, Ruvishika S. Jayawardena1,2, Sajeewa S. N. Maharachchikumbura3,*, Kevin D. Hyde1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol., , DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.09720

    Abstract We isolated an interesting fungus from dead leaves of Magnolia liliifera collected from Chiang Mai, Thailand. The novel strain is related to Plectosphaerellaceae based on the morphology of its asexual morph and the analysis of sequence data. Phylogenetic analyses using a combined gene analysis of LSU and ITS sequence data showed that this strain is clustered in the same clade with Furcasterigmium furcatum with high statistical support. The new strains produced the asexual morph in culture which is morphologically similar to F. furcatum. Thus, we identified this strain as the sexual morph of F. furcatum. This is the first record… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Trichoderma-Induced Improvement in Growth, Photosynthetic Pigments, Proline, and Glutathione Levels in Cucurbita pepo Seedlings under Salt Stress

    Mona H. Soliman1, Taghreed S. Alnusaire2, Nessreen F. Abdelbaky3,4, Aisha A. M. Alayafi5, Mirza Hasanuzzaman6,*, Mohamed M. Rowezak2, Mohamed El-Esawi7, Amr Elkelish8

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol., , DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.08795

    Abstract Salt stress is one of the major abiotic stress in plants. However, traditional approaches are not always efficient in conferring salt tolerance. Experiments were conducted to understand the role of Trichoderma spp. (T. harzianum and T. viride) in growth, chlorophyll (Chl) synthesis, and proline accumulation of C. pepo exposed to salinity stress. There were three salt stress (50, 100, and 150 mM NaCl) lavels and three different Trichoderma inoculation viz. T. harzianum, T. viride, and T. harzianum + T. viride. Salt stress significantly declined the growth in terms of the shoot and root lengths; however, it was improved by the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Alterations in Growth and Yield of Camelina Induced by Different Planting Densities under Water Deficit Stress

    Ejaz Ahmad Waraich1,*, Zeeshan Ahmed2,3, Zahoor Ahmad4, Rashid Ahmad1, Murat Erman5, Fatih Cig5, Ayman El Sabagh5,6

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol., , DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.08734

    Abstract Camelina (Camelina sativa L.) is famous for its oil quality and unique fatty acid pattern. Growth and yield of crops reduced under water deficit conditions. Environmental threat such as drought or water deficit condition is the emerging problem which creates the negative impact on the growth of plants. Based upon the current situation a pot study was performed in rain out-shelter to explore the effect of different plant densities (15, 10 and 5 plants per pot) on growth and seed yield of two camelina genotypes under normal (100% WHC) and water deficit (60% WHC) conditions by using completely randomized design… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Comparative Efficacy of Weed Control Practices for Parthenium Weed and Sunflower Crop under Varying Tillage Systems

    Noor Ahmad1,*, Rana Nadeem Abbas1, Asif Tanveer1, Zulfiqar Ahmad Saqib2

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol., , DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.08536

    Abstract Parthenium poses serious threat to modern crop production system and necessitate evaluating control practices for its effective management. Efficacy of different weed control practices for controlling parthenium was explored in conventional and deep tillage systems in the field conditions. Hand hoeing (20 and 35 days after emergence), S-Metolachlor (pre-emergence herbicide), sorghum straw mulch @ 5 tons ha-1 and combination of hand hoeing and sorghum straw mulch (hand hoeing at 20 and straw mulch at 35 days after emergence) were used as weed control practice. Weedy check where no weed control measure was applied was also included in this experiment for… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Assessment of Castor Plant (Ricinus communis L.) Tolerance to Heavy Metal Stress-A Review

    Akwasi Yeboah1, Jiannong Lu1, Ting Yang1, Yuzhen Shi1, Hanna Amoanimaa-Dede1, Kwadwo Gyapong Agyenim Boateng2, Xuegui Yin1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol., , DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.09267

    Abstract Increased urbanization and industrialization have greatly contributed to the emission of higher amount of heavy metals such as cadmium, nickel, and lead into the environment. These metals are non-biodegradable and toxic, causing much effects on plants and by extension to animals and humans, which have become a major global concern. The inherent ability of plants to resist heavy metal toxicity seems to be the most sustainable and cost-effective strategy. Castor plant is widely studied due to its tolerance to the effects of heavy metal contaminated soils, owing to its large biomass content and high accumulating capacity. Castor plants to some… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Oxidative Stress Tolerance Mechanism in Rice under Salinity

    Mahmuda Binte Monsur1, Nasrin Akter Ivy1, M. Moynul Haque2, Mirza Hasanuzzaman3, Ayman EL Sabagh4,5,*, Md. Motiar Rohman6,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol., , DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.09144

    Abstract The research was conducted to investigate comparative oxidative damage including probable protective roles of antioxidant and glyoxalase systems in rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings under salinity stress. Seedlings of two rice genotypes: Pokkali (tolerant) and BRRI dhan28 (sensitive) were subjected to 8 dSm−1 salinity stress for seven days in a hydroponic system. We observed significant variation between Pokkali and BRRI dhan28 in phenotypic, biochemical and molecular level under salinity stress. Carotenoid content, ion homeostasis, antioxidant enzymes, ascorbate and glutathione redox system and proline accumulation may help Pokkali to develop defense system during salinity stress. However, the activity antioxidant enzymes particularly… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Enhancing Drought Tolerance in Wheat through Improving MorphoPhysiological and Antioxidants Activities of Plants by the Supplementation of Foliar Silicon

    Zahoor Ahmad1,*, Ejaz Ahmad Waraich2, Celaleddin Barutçular1, Akbar Hossain3, Murat Erman4, Fatih ÇIĞ4, Hany Gharib5, Ayman EL Sabagh4, 5, *

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol., , DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.09143

    Abstract The main objective of the research is to assess the role of foliar application of silicon (Si) for enhancing the survival ability of wheat under drought stress through improving its morphology, physicochemical and antioxidants activities. Treatments were five doses of Si at the rate of 2, 4, 6 and 8 mM and a control. After completion of seeds germination, pots were divided into four distinct groups at various field capacity (FC) levels, such as 100% FC (well-irrigated condition), 75% FC (slight water deficit), 50% FC (modest water deficit) and 25% FC (severe water deficit stress condition). Foliar application of Si… More >

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