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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Serum Level of Tumor-Specific Growth Factor in Patients with Cervical Cancer and Its Potential Prognostic Role

    Yao Wu1,2,#, Bin Qu1,#, Haoming Shen1, Hongyu Deng1, Faqin Tang1,*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 499-512, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.024951

    Abstract Background: Tumor-specific growth factor (TSGF) is associated with invasion and metastasis of various malignancies and adverse clinical outcomes. TSGF is also highly expressed in cervical cancer (CC), but its clinical value is unclear. Materials and Methods: Serum samples from malignancies, including CC, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL), nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), colorectal cancer (CRC), lung cancer (LCA), ovarian cancer (OC), breast cancer (BC), gastric carcinoma (GC), and pancreatic cancer (PC) were collected, and TSGF was detected using a chemiluminescence assay. The patients with CC were followed-up over five years, and their clinicopathological parameters were analyzed. Meanwhile, the pre- and post-treatment TSGF levels of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Heparanase/Syndecan-1 Axis Regulates the Grade of Liver Cancer and Proliferative Ability of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells

    Shengjin Yu, Huiming Lv, Jinhui Zhang, He Zhang, Weiwei Ju, Yu Jiang*, Lijuan Lin*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 539-551, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.024882

    Abstract Background: Although heparanase/syndecan-1 axis is involved in malignant progression of many cancers, its significance in liver cancer is not well understood. In this study, we explored the value of heparanase/syndecan-1 axis expression in liver cancer and the intervention mechanisms that target this axis by inhibiting the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Materials and Methods: We conducted tissue microarray analysis that included 90 primary liver cancer and their corresponding adjacent samples to evaluate the expression of heparanase and syndecan-1 and their correlation with clinicopathologic characteristics. RNA interference and western blot assays were performed to analyze the effect of heparanase on syndecan-1… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A UHPLC/MS/MS Assay Based on an Isotope-Labeled Peptide for Sensitive miR-21 Detection in HCC Serum

    Xinyue Wang1,#, Jing Xu1,#, Qihong Gu1, Dingxuan Tang1, Huoyan Ji2, Shaoqing Ju2, Feng Wang2,*, Lin Chen3, Ruoyu Yuan2,*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 513-526, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.024373

    Abstract Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified as promising novel biomarkers for cancer diagnosis and prognosis, especially for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Nowadays, the expression level of miR-21 in serum samples is a diagnostic indicator for HCC diagnosis. Thus, the quantitative determination of miRNA concentration is of significance in clinical practice. It is particularly important to establish an analytical detection method for miR-21 in patient serum. Methods: The signal readout for miR-21 was based on the mass response of a reporter peptide using an isotope dilution mass spectrometry (MS) method in this work. To be more specific, miR-21 was biotinylated before being… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Comparison of Time-Varying Pattern of Recurrence in Chinese Breast Cancer Patients with Different Molecular Subtypes: A Single-Center Retrospective Study

    Xujie Zhou1,2,3,#, Yuting Sang1,3,#, Jiajian Chen1,3, Miao Mo3,4, Jianjing Hou1,3, Benlong Yang1,3,*, Jiong Wu1,2,3,*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 451-469, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.025226

    Abstract Background: To compare the time-varying recurrence patterns of different molecular subtypes of breast cancer in the contemporary era with those in the past era. Patients and Methods: This retrospective study included 14627 consecutive invasive breast cancer patients who underwent surgery from 2008 to 2016 at Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center. We defined the period from 2013 to 2016 as the contemporary era and that from 2008 to 2012 as the past era. Five subtypes were defined according to the immunohistochemistry results. Emphasis was made on the changing patterns of recurrence for patients with different molecular subtypes changed between the two… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Polarized Autologous Macrophages (PAM) Can Be a Tumor Vaccine

    Dongqing Wang1,*, Heying Chen1, Yi Hu2,*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 441-449, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.024898

    Abstract Immunotherapy is currently recognized as one of the most promising anticancer strategies. In the tumor microenvironment, tumor-associated macrophages are mainly M2-type macrophages with tumor-promoting effects. Therefore, the reprogramming of tumor-associated macrophages from M2 to M1 type is a potential strategy for cancer therapy. We have previously shown the anticancer effects of implantable allogeneic M1 macrophages in mice. Here, we further engineered autologous mouse bone marrow cells into M1 macrophages and then embedded them into a sodium alginate gel to prepare an implantable immunotherapeutic agent (M1@Gel). We demonstrate that M1@Gel repolarizes M2 macrophages to M1 type and activates the immune responses… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    The Eph/Ephrin System in Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Functional Roles and Potential Therapeutic Targets

    Xin Shu, Qiang Wang*, Qingming Wu*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 427-439, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.023248

    Abstract Liver cancer is ranked as the second leading cause of cancer-related death across the world, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) comprises nearly 90% of all primary liver cancer cases. However, until now, the pathological mechanisms underlying HCC oncogenesis and development remains largely unclear. Eph receptors and their ephrin ligands (Eph/Ephrin system) are involved in various physiological process, such as embryogenesis, neuronal migration, immune response and vascular development. Recently, emerging evidence has showed that the Eph/Ephrin system also plays an essential role in initiation and development of multiple types of cancer, including liver cancer. The Eph/Ephrin system has been reported to contribute… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Ampelopsin Inhibits Breast Cancer Glucose Metabolism Reprogramming Based on Network Pharmacology and Molecular Docking

    Rong Zeng1,#, Lin Liu1,2,#, Jingshan Zhao1,2,3,#, Wenmei Zhang3, Guohong Zhang1, Yunfeng Li1,2,*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 483-498, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.025148

    Abstract Background: Breast cancer (BC) is the most frequent type of gynecology tumors with high morbidity and mortality. Ampelopsin, the main active compound of Ampelopsis grossedentata, exerts an anti-tumor effect on a variety of cancers. However, the anti-cancer role of ampelopsin in BC remains unclear. The aim of this study is to explore the mechanism of ampelopsin against breast cancer. Materials and Methods: The target genes of ampelopsin in the treatment of breast cancer were determined and analyzed by network pharmacology and molecular docking. Cytoscape software was used to identify the core target genes and construct a protein–protein interaction (PPI) network.… More >

  • Open Access

    STUDY PROTOCOL IN FRENCH

    Impact of Adapted Physical Activity on Joint Pain Induced by Hormonotherapy in Adjuvant Breast Cancer Treatment: APAISE Study Protocol
    Impact de l’Activité Physique Adaptée sur les Douleurs Articulaires Induites sous Hormonothérapie en Traitement Adjuvant du Cancer : Protocole de l’Etude APAISE

    Virginie Prevost1,2,#,*, Pauline Drillon3,#, Antoine Desvergée4, Corinne Delcambre2, Claire Delorme2, Anne Besnier5, Kévin Lecaplain6, Charline Frandemiche7, Anaïs Briant7, Rémy Morello4, Xavier Blaizot7

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 357-369, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.025107

    Abstract Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women and approximately 80% of patients will receive hormone therapy. If survival rate after breast cancer patients is the most important, their treatment, induces strong side effects on quality of life, including joint pain which is encountered by one woman in two. These joint pains are likely to reduce compliance with the treatment and consequently impact survival. In this context, this work aims to evaluate the potential benefit of adapted physical activity to relieve pain and its impact on daily functions. The APAISE protocol, described in this article, is a prospective observational… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    The Presence of Human Papillomavirus and Epstein-Barr Virus Infection in Gastric Cancer: A Systematic Study

    Abolfazl Jafari-Sales1, Afsoon Shariat1,*, Hossein Bannazadeh Baghi2, Behzad Baradaran3, Behboud Jafari4

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 413-426, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.024161

    Abstract Background and Aim: Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common infection-related malignancies worldwide. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) are among the most important viruses affecting many people worldwide. The potential role of these viruses in gastric tissue may explain the possibility of GC, as seen in Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). This study aimed to systematically investigate the presence of HPV and EBV in GC. Methods: According to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, this study is a systematic review based on reported cases. The keywords HPV, EBV and GC, were searched… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    G-Protein-Coupled Estrogen Receptor Enhances the Stemness of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Cells and Promotes Malignant Characteristics

    Dongliang Zhu1,*, Jun Yang2, Jiaxin Xu3

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 471-482, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.024062

    Abstract G-protein coupled estrogen receptor (GPER) is a transmembrane receptor that mediates non-genomic effects of estrogen. This study aimed to investigate the role of GPER in the stemness formation and malignancies in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells. Spheroids of MDA-MB-468 cells were induced by mammosphere culture, and the proportion of the CD44+ /CD24−/low stem cell subpopulation was detected. Malignant characteristics, expression of GPER and stemness-related markers, and tumorigenesis in a xenograft assay were compared between the mammospheres and adherent cultured cells. The impacts of 17β-estradiol (E2) and the GPER-specific antagonist G15 were studied in in vitro assays. The proportion of… More >

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