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  • Open Access


    Epidemiology of Breast Cancer

    Chao Shang, Dongkui Xu*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.4, pp. 649-663, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.027640

    Abstract All over the world, the most common malignancy in women is breast cancer. Breast cancer is also a significant factor of death in women. In 2020, approximately 2.3 million cases of breast cancer were newly diagnosed in women globally, and approximately 685,000 people died. Breast cancer incidence varies by region around the world, but it is all increasing. According to the current morbidity and mortality trend of breast cancer, it is estimated that by 2030, the number of incidence and deaths of breast cancer will reach 2.64 million and 1.7 million, respectively. The age-standardized incidence rate was 66.4/100,000 in developed… More >

  • Open Access


    Advances in Targeted Therapy Against Driver Mutations and Epigenetic Alterations in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

    Jiajian Shi1, Yuchen Chen1,*, Chentai Peng1, Linwu Kuang2, Zitong Zhang1, Yangkai Li2,*, Kun Huang1

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.4, pp. 613-648, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.027545

    Abstract The incidence and mortality of lung cancer rank top three of all cancers worldwide. Accounting for 85% of the total number of lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is an important factor endangering human health. Recently, targeted therapies against driver mutations and epigenetic alterations have made encouraging advances that benefit NSCLC patients. Druggable driver mutations, which mainly occur in EGFR, KRAS, MET, HER2, ALK, ROS1, RET and BRAF, have been identified in more than a quarter of NSCLC patients. A series of highly selective mutant targeting inhibitors, such as EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors and KRAS inhibitors, have been well… More >

  • Open Access


    Differential Diagnosis between Primary Intracranial Melanoma and Cerebral Cavernoma in Crohn’s Disease: A Case Report and Literature Review

    Roberta Costanzo1, Vishal Parmar2, Salvatore Marrone1, Domenico Gerardo Iacopino1, Giovanni Federico Nicoletti3, Giuseppe Emmanuele Umana4, Gianluca Scalia3,*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.4, pp. 937-942, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.027155

    Abstract Primary intracranial melanomas are rare, with a challenging diagnosis based only on clinical and imaging features. The authors described the case of an intracerebral right parieto-temporal melanoma mimicking a cavernoma in a patient affected by Crohn’s disease. A 67-year-old female patient with Crohn’s disease and small bowel stenosis was hospitalized for surgical removal of the terminal ileum and latero-lateral ileo-colic anastomosis. During postoperative week 1, the patient developed psychomotor agitation followed by altered consciousness. An urgent brain CT showed a right intracerebral parieto-temporal hemorrhage with intralesional calcifications. The patient underwent a decompressive craniectomy with hematoma drainage and a complete resection… More >

  • Open Access


    Nimotuzumab Combined with Neoadjuvant or Induction Chemotherapy for Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Retrospective Study

    Huihui Zhang, Jing Yan, Xiaoyong Ren, Ying Sheng, Zhenghui Wang, Jianmin Liang, Yan Yan, Yangyang Jia, Zhihui Li, Jin Hou*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.4, pp. 707-716, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.027023

    Abstract Objective: To assess the efficacy and toxicity of nimotuzumab combined with neoadjuvant or induction chemotherapy for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Methods: Patients received intravenous nimotuzumab (400 mg, weekly for 1–3 weeks) combined with chemotherapy (5-fluorouracil/paclitaxel/docetaxel + nedaplatin/cisplatin for 1–2 cycles), prior to definitive surgical resection, radiotherapy or other treatments. The primary endpoint was the objective response rate (ORR). The secondary endpoints were tumor downstaging, complete response rate (CRR), partial response rate (PRR), disease control rate (DCR), R0 resection rate, pathological complete response (pCR), larynx preservation rate, overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and safety. Results: A total… More >

  • Open Access


    Multiple Recurrence of Primary Orbital Synovial Sarcoma: Report of Two Cases and Literature Review

    Yi Wu, Yujiao Wang, Weimin He*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.4, pp. 927-935, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.026720

    Abstract Synovial sarcoma (SS) is typically an aggressive malignant soft tissue tumor that mostly affects adolescents and young adults. It is extremely rare in orbit and carries a high risk of recurrence and metastasis, posing a challenge to ophthalmologists in diagnosing and managing. We present two primary orbital synovial sarcoma cases with unilateral exophthalmos and limited motility. Both male patients underwent reoperation in our hospital since tumor recurrence; the pathologic diagnoses were biphasic type and occult type, respectively. Both cases were positive for EMA and CK, and SOX-9 and INI-1 were newly discovered immune markers. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis (FISH)… More >

  • Open Access


    Identification of Circular RNA hsa-circ-0006969 as a Novel Biomarker for Breast Cancer

    Libin Wang1,2,3,#, Xiaohan Li1,3,#, Jinhai Tian1,2,3, Jingjing Yu1,2,3, Qi Huang1,2,3, Rong Ma1,2,3, Jia Wang1,2,3, Jia Cao1,2,3, Jinping Li4,*, Xu Zhang1,2,3,*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.4, pp. 789-801, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.026589

    Abstract Background: To investigate the characteristics of circular RNA hsa-circ-0006969 in breast cancer and identify it as a novel biomarker for breast cancer. Methods: Three breast cancer (BC) patient tissues were selected to perform human circRNA microarray analysis. GeneSpring 13.0 (Agilent) software was applied for analyzing the data. Another 116 BC patients were recruited for verification. Hsa-circ-0006969 was found as a potential circRNA for BC diagnostic biomarker. The structure of hsa-circ-0006969 was predicted by circPrimer1.2 software. MiRanda v3.3, RNA hybrid 2.1, and Cytoscape 3.6.0 were used for predicting the networks of circRNA-miRNA. T-test, Curve regression, and ROC analysis were applied to… More >

  • Open Access


    Comprehensive Analysis of the Expression and Clinical Significance of a Ferroptosis-Related Genome in Ovarian Serous Cystadenocarcinoma: A Study Based on TCGA Data

    Hua Yang*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.4, pp. 835-863, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.026447

    Abstract Background: Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the deadliest malignancy among the gynecologic tumors, and ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma (OV) is the dominant histological type. Ferroptosis is a novel iron-dependent, programmed form of cell death, and agents that trigger ferroptosis may constitute potential anti-cancer therapies. Materials and Methods: We herein extracted the genes that participate in the process of ferroptosis from the online FerrDb database to create a ferroptosis-related genome (FRG), and then comprehensively analyzed the relationship between the mRNA expression of each gene and the clinicopathologic features of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA)-OV cohort. Results: We found that most of the… More >

  • Open Access


    A Metabolism-Related Gene Signature Predicts the Prognosis of Breast Cancer Patients: Combined Analysis of High-Throughput Sequencing and Gene Chip Data Sets

    Lei Hu1,2,#, Meng Chen2,3,#, Haiming Dai2,3,4, Hongzhi Wang2,3,4,*, Wulin Yang2,3,4,*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.4, pp. 803-822, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.026419

    Abstract Background and Aim: Hundreds of consistently altered metabolic genes have been identified in breast cancer (BC), but their prognostic value remains to be explored. Therefore, we aimed to build a prediction model based on metabolism-related genes (MRGs) to guide BC prognosis. Methods: Current work focuses on constructing a novel MRGs signature to predict the prognosis of BC patients using MRGs derived from the Virtual Metabolic Human (VMH) database, and expression profiles and clinicopathological data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases. Results: The 3-MRGs-signature constructed by SERPINA1, QPRT and PXDNL was found to be an… More >

  • Open Access


    Expression and Clinical Significance of ACTA2 in Osteosarcoma Tissue

    Lina Tang1,2, Haiyan Hu2, Yan Zhou2, Yujing Huang2, Yonggang Wang2, Yawen Zhang2, Jinrong Liang2, Zhenxin Wang1,*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.4, pp. 913-925, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.026296

    Abstract Objective: To investigate the expression of alpha–smooth muscle actin (ACTA2) in osteosarcoma tissues and its relationship with prognosis. Methods: Prognostic analysis of lung metastasis–related genes in osteosarcoma using the TCGA database. Single-cell sequencing detected the expression of ACTA2 in 11 osteosarcoma tissues. Paraf- fin-embedded tissues of 74 osteosarcoma patients treated at the Sixth People’s Hospital of Shanghai Jiao Tong University from 2014 to 2019 were collected, and tissue microarrays were prepared. ACTA2 expression was detected and scored by immunohistochemistry. According to the median value of the ACTA2 histochemical score, 74 patients were divided into two groups, the high-expression group and… More >

  • Open Access


    Ferroptosis’s Role in Genitourinary System Cancer

    Chaoying Liu1,#, Xinfeng Yang2,#, Ye Wang2,#, Keyu Wu2, Siqiang Li2, Gailing Wang2, Yun Li2, Chuanfeng Li2, Mingcheng Wang2, Enzhong Li2,*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.4, pp. 679-691, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.025705

    Abstract A cell is the basic unit of life, and death is inevitable for any cell. However, cancer cells that deviate from the normal track can resist death and survive. Ferroptosis is recently discovered as a modulated cell death different from other known forms of cell death in morphology, biochemistry, and genetics. It is characterized by iron-dependent lipid peroxidation regulated by various metabolic pathways. The incidence and mortality of genitourinary system cancer have been increasing recently. Although clinical practice therapy techniques have improved, no plan with a positive prognosis has been identified. For the therapy of cancer, ferroptosis opens up new… More >

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