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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Thermal-Cyclic Fatigue Life Analysis and Reliability Estimation of a FCCSP based on Probabilistic Design Concept

    Yao Hsu1, Chih-Yen Su2, Wen-Fang Wu3,4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.36, No.2, pp. 155-176, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2013.036.155

    Abstract To study the fatigue reliability of a flip-chip chip scale package (FCCSP) subject to thermal cyclic loading, a Monte Carlo simulation-based parametric study is carried out in the present study. A refined procedure as compared with the recently released Probabilistic Design System (PDS) of ANSYS is proposed and employed in particular. The thermal-cyclic fatigue life of the package is discussed in detail since it is related directly to the reliability of the package. In consideration of the analytical procedure as well as real manufacturing processes, a few geometric dimensions and material properties of the package are assumed random. The empirical… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Correspondence Relations for Fracture Parameters of Interface Corners in Anisotropic Viscoelastic Materials

    Chyanbin Hwu1, Tai-Liang Kuo2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.36, No.2, pp. 135-153, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2013.036.135

    Abstract The problems of the interface corners between two dissimilar anisotropic viscoelastic materials are studied in this paper. Through the use of the well-known correspondence principle between linear elasticity and linear viscoelasticity, fracture parameters in the Laplace domain can be obtained from the path-independent H-integral for the corresponding problems of anisotropic linear elastic materials. Further application of the correspondence relations for fracture parameters proposed in our recent study then leads us the solutions of fracture parameters in the time domain. To show the applicability and accuracy of the proposed method, several different kinds of numerical examples are presented such as a… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Estimation of the Mechanical Property of CNT Ropes Using Atomistic-Continuum Mechanics and the Equivalent Methods

    C.J. Huang1, T.Y. Hung1, K.N. Chiang2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.36, No.2, pp. 99-133, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2013.036.099

    Abstract The development in the field of nanotechnology has prompted numerous researchers to develop various simulation methods for determining the material properties of nanoscale structures. However, these methods are restricted by the speed limitation of the central processing unit (CPU), which cannot estimate larger-scale nanoscale models within an acceptable time. Thus, decreasing the CPU processing time and retaining the estimation accuracy of physical properties of nanoscale structures have become critical issues. Accordingly, this study aims to decrease the CPU processing time and complexity of large nanoscale models by utilizing, atomistic-continuum mechanics (ACM) to build an equivalent model of carbon nanotubes (CNTs).… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines Model to Predict Fracture Characteristics of High Strength and Ultra High Strength Concrete Beams

    P. Yuvaraj1, A. Ramachandra Murthy2, Nagesh R. Iyer3, Pijush Samui4, S.K. Sekar5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.36, No.1, pp. 73-97, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2013.036.073

    Abstract This paper presents Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines (MARS) model to predict the fracture characteristics of high strength and ultra high strength concrete beams. Fracture characteristics include fracture energy (GF), critical stress intensity factor (KIC) and critical crack tip opening displacement (CTODc). This paper also presents the details of development of MARS model to predict failure load (Pmax) of high strength concrete (HSC) and ultra high strength concrete (UHSC) beam specimens. Characterization of mix and testing of beams of high strength and ultra strength concrete have been described. Methodologies for evaluation of fracture energy, critical stress intensity factor and critical crack… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Cell Method: an Enriched Description of Physics Starting from the Algebraic Formulation

    E. Ferretti1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.36, No.1, pp. 49-72, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2013.036.049

    Abstract In several recent papers studying the Cell Method (CM), which is a numerical method based on a truly algebraic formulation, it has been shown that numerical modeling in physics can be achieved even without starting from differential equations, by using a direct algebraic formulation. In the present paper, our focus will be above all on highlighting some of the theoretical features of this algebraic formulation to show that the CM is not simply a new numerical method among many others, but a powerful numerical instrument that can be used to avoid spurious solutions in computational physics. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Forced Vibration of the Pre-Stressed and Imperfectly Bonded Bi-Layered Plate Strip Resting on a Rigid Foundation

    S.D. Akbarov1,2, E. Hazar3, M. Eröz3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.36, No.1, pp. 23-48, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2013.036.023

    Abstract Within the scope of the piecewise homogeneous body model with utilizing of the three dimensional linearized theory of elastic waves in initially stressed bodies the influence of the shear-spring type imperfection of the contact conditions between the layers of the pre-stressed bi-layered plate strip resting on the rigid foundation, on the frequency response of this plate strip is investigated. The corresponding mathematical problem is solved numerically by employing FEM and numerical results illustrating the influence of the parameter characterizing the degree of the mentioned imperfectness, on the frequency response of the normal stress acting on the interface planes between the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Low and Intermediate Re Solution of Lid Driven Cavity Problem by Local Radial Basis Function Collocation Method

    K. Mramor1, R. Vertnik2,3, B. Šarler1,3,4,5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.36, No.1, pp. 1-21, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2013.036.001

    Abstract This paper explores the application of Local Radial Basis Function Collocation Method (LRBFCM) [Šarler and Vertnik (2006)] for solution of Newtonian incompressible 2D fluid flow for a lid driven cavity problem [Ghia, Ghia, and Shin (1982)] in primitive variables. The involved velocity and pressure fields are represented on overlapping five-noded sub-domains through collocation by using Radial Basis Functions (RBF). The required first and second derivatives of the fields are calculated from the respective derivatives of the RBF’s. The momentum equation is solved through explicit time stepping. The method is alternatively structured with multiquadrics and inverse multiquadrics RBF’s. In addition, two… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Damage-Mode Based Three Dimensional Constitutive Model for Fibre-Reinforced Composites

    M. Chatiri1, A. Matzenmiller2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.35, No.3, pp. 255-283, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2013.035.255

    Abstract This article presents a three dimensional constitutive model for anisotropic damage to describe the elastic-brittle behavior of unidirectional fibrereinforced laminated composites. The primary objective of the article focuses on the three dimensional relationship between damage of the material and the effective elastic properties for the purpose of stress analysis of composite structures, in extension to the two dimensional model in Matzenmiller, Lubliner and Taylor (1995). A homogenized continuum is adopted for the constitutive theory of anisotropic damage and elasticity. Damage initiation criteria are based on Puck failure criterion for first ply failure and progressive micro crack propagation is based on… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multiscale Fatigue Life Prediction for Composite Panels

    Brett A. Bednarcyk1, Phillip W. Yarrington2, Steven M. Arnold3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.35, No.3, pp. 229-254, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2013.035.229

    Abstract Fatigue life prediction capabilities have been incorporated into the HyperSizer Composite Analysis and Structural Sizing Software. The fatigue damage model is introduced at the fiber/matrix constituent scale through HyperSizer’s coupling with NASA’s MAC/GMC micromechanics software. This enables prediction of the micro scale damage progression throughout stiffened and sandwich panels as a function of cycles leading ultimately to simulated panel failure. The fatigue model implementation uses a cycle jumping technique such that, rather than applying a specified number of additional cycles, a specified local damage increment is specified and the number of additional cycles to reach this damage increment is calculated.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Analytical Models for Sliding Interfaces Associated with Fibre Fractures or Matrix Cracks

    L. N. McCartney1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.35, No.3, pp. 183-227, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2013.035.183

    Abstract Analytical stress transfer models are described that enable estimates to be made of the stress and displacement fields that are associated with fibre fractures or matrix cracks in unidirectional fibre reinforced composites. The models represent a clear improvement on popular shear-lag based methodologies. The model takes account of thermal residual stresses, and is based on simplifying assumptions that the axial stress in the fibre is independent of the radial coordinate, and similarly for the matrix. A representation for both the stress and displacement fields is derived that satisfies exactly the equilibrium equations, the required interface continuity equations for displacement and… More >

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