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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Analytical Solution for Single and Multiple impacts with Strain-rate Effects for Shot Peening

    Baskaran Bhuvaraghan1, Sivakumar M Srinivasan2, Bob Maffeo3, Om Prakash4

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.57, No.2, pp. 137-158, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2010.057.137

    Abstract Shot peening is a complex and random process which is controlled by many input parameters. Numerical methods, which are normally used for impact problems will prohibitively put strain on the computing resources since a large number of impacts are involved in the computations. In this paper, a simplified analytical approach is used to predict the residual compressive stress that includes strain-rate effects. This is based on the method proposed by with a simple modification to include the strain rate effects. The residual stresses are predicted in materials SAE1070 and Inco718. In the computations, the random variation of the input parameters… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Solving Elastic Problems with Local Boundary Integral Equations (LBIE) and Radial Basis Functions (RBF) Cells

    E. J. Sellountos1, A. Sequeira1, D. Polyzos2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.57, No.2, pp. 109-136, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2010.057.109

    Abstract A new Local Boundary Integral Equation (LBIE) method is proposed for the solution of plane elastostatic problems. Non-uniformly distributed points taken from a Finite Element Method (FEM) mesh cover the analyzed domain and form background cells with more than four points each. The FEM mesh determines the position of the points without imposing any connectivity requirement. The key-point of the proposed methodology is that the support domain of each point is divided into parts according to the background cells. An efficient Radial Basis Functions (RBF) interpolation scheme is exploited for the representation of displacements in each cell. Tractions in the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Two-phase flow in complex geometries: A diffuse domain approach

    S. Aland1, J. Lowengrub2, A. Voigt1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.57, No.1, pp. 77-108, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2010.057.077

    Abstract We present a new method for simulating two-phase flows in complex geometries, taking into account contact lines separating immiscible incompressible components. We combine the diffuse domain method for solving PDEs in complex geometries with the diffuse-interface (phase-field) method for simulating multiphase flows. In this approach, the complex geometry is described implicitly by introducing a new phase-field variable, which is a smooth approximation of the characteristic function of the complex domain. The fluid and component concentration equations are reformulated and solved in larger regular domain with the boundary conditions being implicitly modeled using source terms. The method is straightforward to implement… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Three-Dimensional Carotid Plaque Progression Simulation Using Meshless Generalized Finite Difference Method Based on Multi-Year MRI Patient-Tracking Data

    Chun Yang1,2, Dalin Tang2,3 Satya Atluri4

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.57, No.1, pp. 51-76, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2010.057.051

    Abstract Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is becoming the number one cause of death worldwide. Atherosclerotic plaque rupture and progression are closely related to most severe cardiovascular syndromes such as heart attack and stroke. Mechanisms governing plaque rupture and progression are not well understood. A computational procedure based on three-dimensional meshless generalized finite difference (MGFD) method and serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data was introduced to quantify patient-specific carotid atherosclerotic plaque growth functions and simulate plaque progression. Participating patients were scanned three times (T1, T2, and T3, at intervals of about 18 months) to obtain plaque progression data. Vessel wall thickness (WT) changes… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Green's Functions for Anisotropic/Piezoelectric Bimaterials and Their Applications to Boundary Element Analysis

    Y.C. Chen1, Chyanbin Hwu2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.57, No.1, pp. 31-50, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2010.057.031

    Abstract The Green's function for anisotropic bimaterials has been investigated around three decades ago. Since the mathematical formulation of piezoelectric elasticity can be organized into the same form as that of anisotropic elasticity by just expanding the dimension of the corresponding matrix to include the piezoelectric effects, the extension of the Green's function to piezoelectric bimaterials can be obtained immediately through the associated anisotropic bimaterials. In this paper, the Green's function for the bimaterials bonded together with one anisotropic material and one piezoelectric material is derived by applying Stroh's complex variable formalism with the aid of analytical continuation method. For this… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effect of Residual Stresses on Wave Propagation in Adhesively Bonded Multilayered MEMS Structures

    M. Kashtalyan1,2, Y.A. Zhuk3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.57, No.1, pp. 1-30, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2010.057.001

    Abstract The paper investigates propagation of stationary plane longitudinal and transverse waves along the layers in adhesively bonded multilayered structures for MEMS applications in the presence of residual stresses. The multilayered structure is assumed to consist of the infinite amount of the periodically recurring layers made of two different materials possessing significantly dissimilar properties: conductive metal layer and insulating adhesive layer. It is assumed that the mechanical behaviour of both materials is nonlinear elastic and can be described with the help of the elastic Murnaghan potential depending on the three invariants of strain tensor. The problem is formulated in the framework… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Advanced Implicit Meshless Approach for the Non-linear Anomalous Subdiffusion Equation

    Y. T. Gu1, P. Zhuang2, F. Liu3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.56, No.3, pp. 303-334, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2010.056.303

    Abstract Recently, the numerical modelling and simulation for anomalous subdiffusion equation (ASDE), which is a type of fractional partial differential equation(FPDE) and has been found with widely applications in modern engineering and sciences, are attracting more and more attentions. The current dominant numerical method for modelling ASDE is Finite Difference Method (FDM), which is based on a pre-defined grid leading to inherited issues or shortcomings. This paper aims to develop an implicit meshless approach based on the radial basis functions (RBF) for numerical simulation of the non-linear ASDE. The discrete system of equations is obtained by using the meshless shape functions… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Coupled Thermo-Mechanical Analysis of One-Layered and Multilayered Isotropic and Composite Shells

    S. Brischetto1, E. Carrera2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.56, No.3, pp. 249-302, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2010.056.249

    Abstract This work considers the fully coupled thermo-mechanical analysis of one-layered and multilayered isotropic and composite shells. The temperature is assumed a primary variable as the displacement; it is therefore directly obtained from the model and this feature permits the temperature field to be evaluated through the thickness direction. Three problems are analyzed: - static analysis of shells with imposed temperature on the external surfaces; - static analysis of shells subjected to a mechanical load, with the possibility of considering the temperature field effects; - a free vibration problem, with the evaluation of the temperature field effects. In the first problem,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Prediction of Young's and Shear Moduli of Carbon Nanotube Composites Incorporating Nanoscale and Interfacial Effects

    G.I. Giannopoulos1, S.K. Georgantzinos2, D.E. Katsareas2, N.K. Anifantis2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.56, No.3, pp. 231-248, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2010.056.231

    Abstract A hybrid finite element formulation, combining nanoscopic and macroscopic considerations is proposed, for the prediction of the elastic mechanical properties of single walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT)-based composites. The nanotubes are modeled according to the molecular mechanics theory via the use of spring elements, while the matrix is modeled as a continuum medium. A new formulation concerning the load transfer between the nanotubes and matrix is proposed. The interactions between the two phases are implemented by utilizing appropriate stiffness variations describing a heterogeneous interfacial region. A periodic distribution and orientation of the SWCNTs is considered. Thereupon, the nanocomposite is modeled using… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Error Analysis of Various Basis Functions Used in BEM Solution of Acoustic Scattering

    B. Chandrasekhar1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.56, No.3, pp. 211-230, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2010.056.211

    Abstract In this work, various basis functions used in the Method of Moments or Boundary Element (MoM/BEM) solution of acoustic scattering problems are compared with each other for their performance. Single layer formulation of the rigid bodies is considered in comparison of the solutions. Geometry of a scatterer is descritized using triangular patch modeling and basis functions are defined on triangular patches, edges and nodes for three different solutions. Far field scattering cross sections for different frequencies of incident acoustic wave are compared with the closed form solutions. Also, the errors of the solutions using these three types of basis functions… More >

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