Vol.119, No.2, 2019, pp.263-280, doi:10.32604/cmes.2019.04425
OPEN ACCESS
ARTICLE
The Quality Assessment of Non-Integer-Hour Data in GPS Broadcast Ephemerides and Its Impact on the Accuracy of Real-Time Kinematic Positioning Over the South China Sea
  • Zhangzhen Sun1, Tianhe Xu1,*, Fan Gao1, Chunhua Jiang1, Guochang Xu1
Institute of Space Science, Shandong University, Weihai, China.
* Corresponding Author: Tianhe Xu. Email: thxu@sdu.edu.cn.
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Beyond the Hypes of Geospatial Big Data: Theories, Methods, Analytics, and Applications)
Abstract
Abnormal effects in GPS broadcast ephemerides can have a significant effect on real-time navigation and positioning solutions that use the orbit and clock error data provided by GPS broadcast ephemerides. This paper describes three types of non-integer-hour navigation data in GPS broadcast ephemeris data. Compared with GPST integer hour data, we find that there are two types of data blocks for non-integer-hour navigation containing gross errors with different levels of precision, which is reflected in the user range accuracy (URA) of the broadcast ephemeris. These gross errors can cause large deviations when using the GPS broadcast ephemeris for orbit calculation and lead to a decrease in the kinematic positioning accuracy. An improved weighting method which is based on the consistency relationship between the URA value and the orbital precision is proposed to improve the positioning accuracy by controlling the effect of gross errors in the broadcast ephemerides. The correction algorithm proposed in this paper was applied to real-time kinematic positioning with shipborne GPS data over the South China Sea. The results showed that the proposed positioning algorithm can effectively reduce the effects of gross errors in the broadcast ephemeris, and significantly improve the accuracy of the navigation and positioning.
Keywords
GPS broadcast ephemeris, non-integer-hour navigation data, URA, kinematic positioning.
Cite This Article
Sun, Z., Xu, T., Gao, F., Jiang, C., Xu, G. (2019). The Quality Assessment of Non-Integer-Hour Data in GPS Broadcast Ephemerides and Its Impact on the Accuracy of Real-Time Kinematic Positioning Over the South China Sea. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 119(2), 263–280.