For Authors

As a global open access publisher, Tech Science Press is dedicated to disseminating cutting-edge scholarly research among scientific community by advocating an immediate, world-wide and barrier-free access to the research we publish. To ensure all publication meeting our ethical and scientific quality standards, each submission goes through a rigorous review process, including pre-peer-review by relevant editorial board, a single-blind peer-review process by scientific experts, revision following reviewers’ comments as well as final approval by the editorial board.


Authorship and Contribution

The listed authors include all of the individuals who have made substantial contributions to the intellectual content of an article in terms of the conception, drafting, and revising of the work and the acquisition, analysis, and interpretation of the data. Their approval is required for the submitted version as well as any substantially modified version to which they have contributed. Further, all of the listed authors are considered personally responsible for all aspects of the work and must guarantee that any questions regarding its accuracy or integrity—even for aspects of the work in which an individual author did not personally take part—are appropriately examined, resolved, and documented in the article.
On the other hand, involvement in the securing of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of a research group does not in itself justify listing as an author. Rather, those who have contributed to the work in such ways should be listed in the acknowledgments.


Editors and Journal Staff as Authors

In the circumstances where Editors or editorial staff of the journal submit their own studies to the journal, they shall not be involved in the reviewing process, and the review process must be made transparently and rigorously. Submissions authored by editors or editorial staff of the journal will be handled by another editor who has least COIs with the authors to minimize the bias.


Abstracting and Indexing 

To increase your searchability, Tech Science Press (TSP) journals are indexed by major abstracting and indexing databases. Please visit the Indexing and Abstracting page of each journal for a detailed information.


Article Processing Charges (APCs)

With all the journals published in full open access, TSP allows free and unrestricted access to the full text of academic articles for scholars from all over the world. Manuscripts once accepted for publication after peer-review will incur a processing fee. Please check the Article Process Charge page of each journal for specific APCs.


Conflicts of interest

TSP requires a declaration from all authors of a manuscript regarding any potential COIs that could be relevant to the integrity or reliability of the scientific and professional judgment presented therein, as well as that of otherwise unassociated studies in the same journal. Potential conflict, unless already declared, will be held in confidence while the paper is under review. If the article is accepted for publication, the potential conflict of interest will be included in the acknowledgments. If there is, in fact, no conflict of interest, the authors should state plainly.


General Peer-Review and Editorial Procedure 

TSP conducts single-blind peer review, which means the reviewer's name is NOT disclosed to the author. TSP relies on peer review to maintain the quality and validity of all articles and the journals that publish them. All manuscripts considered for publication in our journals, including invited papers, go through a stringent and thorough peer-review procedure. Upon the receipt of a new submission, the Managing Editor of the journal will firstly check its suitability (Initial Check) and assign it to a handling editor for pre-peer-review. Papers deemed suitable for peer review will then be sent to a minimum of two independent expert reviewers for academic assessment by the Editorial Office. Authors will be asked to make proper revisions (with a second round of peer-review if needed) as per reviewers’ comments. The final decision regarding acceptance or rejection will be made by the journal’s Editor(s)-in-Chief.


Editorial Decision

The decision regarding publication may take one of four forms.


  • Accept 

  • The paper is in principle accepted based on the reviewers’ comments. The decision to publish is not based solely on the scientific validity of an article’s content but may also take into account such considerations as its extent and importance.


  • Minor revisions 

  • The paper is to be accepted after it has undergone minor revisions specified in the reviewers’ comments. In this situation, authors have five days to complete the minor revisions along with point-by-point responses to the comments or to provide a rebuttal letter.


  • Major revisions 

  • The paper may be accepted provided that it is thoroughly revised. In this case as well, the authors must provide a point-by-point response or rebuttal to the comments, and the revised version is sent to the same reviewer for further comment.


  • Decline

  • Articles are rejected without the possibility of acceptance after revision when they are found to suffer from serious flaws and/or to make no substantial original contribution to the scholarship.

Decisions are communicated to the corresponding author in a formal letter, along with reviewer feedback and any other requirements from the journal office


Revisions

In the cases in which revisions are called for, then, authors are expected to provide point-by-point responses to the reviewers’ comments, especially in those instances in which they disagree with the comments. Usually author(s) will have a certain long time to resubmit the revised manuscript for both a major or a minor revision. In most cases, the revised manuscript is re-assigned to the original Editor(s). The editor(s) may make a new decision based on their own assessment of the revised manuscript and your response to reviewers, or request a new round of peer-review.


Transferring to Other Journals

Authors can request that submissions (with referee reports, if relevant) rejected from one TSP journal be transferred to another TSP journal for further consideration there. Manuscripts will never be transferred between the journals without an author’s consent. We trust that reviewers for any TSP journal are willing to have their reviews considered by the editors of another TSP journal.


    Corrections & Retractions

    TSP journals will issue corrections, and/or retraction statements, when deemed proper.


    Corrections 

    TSP aims to publish every article online in its final form. Upon receiving the proofs of their accepted manuscripts, authors will have an opportunity to check for errors and oversights. Occasionally, a mistake is pointed out in a published article, necessitating the issuance of a correction statement. A correction is a statement rectifying an error or an omission ,Authors or readers may submit such a statement either through the journal’s online manuscript submission system (https://www.techscience.com), or by sending an email, along with the submission ID, to the TSP’s editorial office (tsp@techscience.com). A corrected article is not removed, or replaced, from the journal’s website,. A correction notice, published and linked to the corresponding article, is freely accessible to all readers.


    • Author’s Correction: An Author’s Correction may be published to correct an important error(s) made by the author that affects the scientific integrity of the published article, the publication record, or the reputation of the authors or the journal. The Managing Editor of that manuscript will be responsible for handling the correction process.

    • Publisher’s Correction: A Publisher’s Correction may be published to correct an important error(s) made by the journal that affects the scientific integrity of the published article, the publication record, or the reputation of the authors or of the journal.


    Retractions 

    A retraction is a notice that {a previously published paper should no longer be regarded as part of the published literature {or: that indicates that an article has been withdrawn from the publication in which it appeared after it was published. The primary purpose of a retraction is to ensure the integrity and completeness of scholarly records by withdrawing any manuscript which is found to contain infringements of professional ethical codes, major errors, or where its main conclusion is seriously undermined as a result of new evidence coming to light.
    Violations of professional ethical codes include multiple submissions without proper citations or permission, redundant publications, fake claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data, etc. Major errors cover any or all miscalculations or experimental errors, intentionally or due to honest mistakes.


    The retraction will be referred to the Editors-in-Chief, Associate Editors, and the Managing Editor who have handled the paper. Retracted articles will not be removed from the printed copies of the journal (e.g., from libraries) nor from the electronic archives. Their retracted status will be indicated as clearly as possible. Bibliographic information about the article will be retained to ensure the permanence and integrity of the published scientific record. When an article is retracted, in most of the cases, the original manuscript is corrected and is bi-directionally linked (to and from) the published retraction notice which details the original error. For the purpose of transparency, when corrections made to the original article affect any data, figures, tables or texts, the retraction notice will display the original data alongside the corrected version. When a correction is not possible, all existing versions of the article will remain unchanged but will contain the bi-directional links, to and from, the published retraction notice.
    The notice of retraction is permanently linked to its corresponding retracted article and is freely available and accessible by all readers.
    Articles may be retracted by their Author(s), by the Journal Editors, or by the Publisher, i.e., Tech Science Press. In all instances, the retraction should indicate the reason for the action as well as the entity behind the decision. A retraction made without the unanimous agreement of the authors is feasible and indicated as such.


    Removal of Published Content

    Under special circumstances, TSP reserves the right to remove an article, book or other content from TSP’s website and submission system. Such action may be taken when:

    • There are evidence indicating that the published content is defamatory, infringes on intellectual property rights, privacy rights, other legal rights, or is plainly unlawful;

    • A court or government order requires removal of such content;

    • The content, if acted upon, would pose an immediate and serious risks to health. Removal may be temporary or permanent. A statement will be published explaining the decision behind the removal.


    Addressing Post-publication Issues

    TSP is fully committed to maintaining the integrity and completeness of the scientific record and recognizes its importance to researchers and the academic community at large. As such, TSP will thoroughly investigate concerns that are directly raised with us by authors and/or readers. Authors are strongly encouraged to address any raised issues. In the course of our investigation, we may request original raw data, and consult with experts and other scholars in the field. Depending on the seriousness of the issues, the following outcomes may ensue:

    • A manuscript still under consideration may be rejected and returned to the author.

    • A published online article, depending on the nature and severity of the issues, may result in a correction notice or a retraction notice.

    • Issues deemed to be serious may prompt TSP to inform the authors’ institution and related affiliations.

    Our actions are driven by our dedicated aim for transparent notification to our readers and unabated commitment to the integrity of the published record, and not by any motivation to sanction individuals or attribute responsibility to specific named individuals. We may refer readers to the institutional investigations’ reports if they are publicly available. While we are committed to addressing post-publications issues and correcting the record swiftly, investigations typically take some time to reach resolutions given the complexity of the discussions, the diligence in our process and the need to obtain original data and consult with experts. We will issue and regularly update relevant Editor’s Notes and/or Editor’s Expression of Concern as interim notifications to alert our readership of any of concerns with published material.


    Appeals and Complaints

    TSP is open for further discussion after either a publication or a rejection of a manuscript.


    Appeal against a Rejection

    Authors may appeal a rejection, or request further discussions or post-publication revisions, by contacting the Journal’s Editorial department. When making such an appeal or request, Authors must provide a detailed justification for their request, with a description of the situation, including point-by-point responses to the reviewers’ and/or editor’s comments. The Journal’s Managing Editor will then forward the manuscript and the related information (including the identities of the referees) to the Editor in charge (either one of the Editors-in-Chief or, an Editorial Board Member with any conflict of interest (COI), who will render a final and irreversible decision. Appeals will only be considered from the originally submitting Authors. All information will be kept confidential.


    As a general rule, an appeal to a Rejection Decision will only be considered if:

    • the authors can clearly and convincingly demonstrate that the final decision was based on an error made by a Referee or by the Editors during review

    • if important additional data can be provided

    • if a convincing case of bias in the process can be clearly demonstrated


    Authors who wish to appeal an Editorial decision should submit a formal letter of Appeal to the Journal by contacting the journal editorial office (tsp@techscience.com) . Please include the manuscript number in the email subject line and on the appeal letter.

    If an appeal is successful, the Authors will be sent instructions on how to proceed. If an appeal merits further consideration, the Editor may decide to submit the Authors' response and the revised paper for further peer review.


    Complaints
    Complaint about Scientific Content

    Authors may contact the relevant Journal to file a complaint. 
    The Editor-in-Chief or the Handling Editor will consider the Authors’ argument and the Reviewers’ reports, and will decide whether:

    • The decision to reject should stand

    • Another independent opinion is required

    • The appeal should be considered


    The complainant will be informed of the decision with an explanation when appropriate. Decisions on appeals are final and new submissions take priority over appeals.


    Complaint about Processes

    Authors may contact the Journal directly to raise a complaint concerning the process.
    The Editor-in-Chief together with the Handling Editor will investigate the matter. The complainant will be given appropriate feedback. Feedback is provided to relevant stakeholders to improve processes and procedures.


    Complaint about Publication Ethics

    Authors may send an email to audit@techscience.com concerning ethical issues or complaints.
    The Editor-in-Chief or the Handling Editor will diligently follow the guidelines published by the Committee on Publication Ethics in assessing the situation, and may resort to asking the Publisher via their in-house contact for advice on difficult or complicated cases. The Editor-in-Chief or the Handling Editor will  decide on a course of action and will provide relevant feedbacks to the complainant. If the complainant remains dissatisfied with the handling of the complaint, he/she may then submit the complaint to the Committee on Publication Ethics.

 

Manuscript Template

TSP requires specific formats for each of its journals. To avoid any time-consuming restructuring, we provide templates on the Author Instruction page of each journal. Authors are encouraged to read through the template and follow the guidelines in their manuscripts before submission.