Vol.62, No.2, 2020, pp.525-549, doi:10.32604/cmc.2020.08576
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RESEARCH ARTICLE
MHD Boundary Layer Flow of a Power-Law Nanofluid Containing Gyrotactic Microorganisms Over an Exponentially Stretching Surface
  • Mohamed Abd El-Aziz1, 2, A. M. Aly1, 3, *
1 Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, King Khalid University, Abha, 61411, Saudi Arabia.
2 Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Helwan University, Helwan-Cairo, 11795, Egypt.
3 Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, South Valley University, Qena, 83523, Egypt.
* Corresponding Author: A. M. Aly. Email: abdelreheam.abdallah@sci.svu.edu.eg.
Abstract
This study focusses on the numerical investigations of boundary layer flow for magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) and a power-law nanofluid containing gyrotactic microorganisms on an exponentially stretching surface with zero nanoparticle mass flux and convective heating. The nonlinear system of the governing equations is transformed and solved by Runge-Kutta-Fehlberg method. The impacts of the transverse magnetic field, bioconvection parameters, Lewis number, nanofluid parameters, Prandtl number and power-law index on the velocity, temperature, nanoparticle volume fraction, density of motile microorganism profiles is explored. In addition, the impacts of these parameters on local skin-friction coefficient, local Nusselt, local Sherwood numbers and local density number of the motile microorganisms are discussed. The results reveal that the power law index is considered an important factor in this study. Due to neglecting the buoyancy force term, the bioconvection and nanofluid parameters have slight effects on the velocity profiles. The resultant Lorentz force, from increasing the magnetic field parameter, try to decrease the velocity profiles and increase the rescaled density of motile microorganisms, temperature and nanoparticle volume fraction profiles. Physically, an augmentation of power-law index drops the reduced local skin-friction and reduced Sherwood number, while it increases reduced Nusselt number and reduced local density number of motile microorganisms.
Keywords
Bioconvection, gyrotactic microorganisms, magnetohydrodynamic, nanofluid, boundary layer, power-law.
Cite This Article
El-Aziz, M. A., Aly, A. M. (2020). MHD Boundary Layer Flow of a Power-Law Nanofluid Containing Gyrotactic Microorganisms Over an Exponentially Stretching Surface. CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, 62(2), 525–549.