Vol.62, No.2, 2020, pp.861-876, doi:10.32604/cmc.2020.07297
OPEN ACCESS
RESEARCH ARTICLE
MFPL: Multi-Frequency Phase Difference Combination Based Device-Free Localization
  • Zengshan Tian1, Weiqin Yang1, Yue Jin1, Liangbo Xie1, *, Zhengwen Huang2
1 School of Communication and Information Engineering, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing, China.
2 Department of Electronic and Computer Engineering, Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex, UK.
* Corresponding Author: Liangbo Xie. Email: xielb@cqupt.edu.cn.
Abstract
With the popularity of indoor wireless network, device-free indoor localization has attracted more and more attention. Unlike device-based localization where the target is required to carry an active transmitter, their frequent signal scanning consumes a large amount of energy, which is inconvenient for devices with limited energy. In this work, we propose the MFPL, device-free localization (DFL) system based on WiFi distance measurement. First, we combine multi-subcarrier characteristic of Channel State Information (CSI) with classical Fresnel reflection model to get the linear relationship between the change of the length of reflection path and the subcarrier phase difference. Then we calculate the Fresnel phase difference between subcarrier pairs with different spacing from CSI amplitude time series. Finally, we get the change of the length of the reflection path caused by target moving to achieve distance measurement and localization. Using a combination of subcarriers with different spacing to achieve distance measurement effectively broadens the maximum unambiguous distance of the system. To solve the complex non-linear problem of the intersection of two elliptic equations, we introduce Newton's method to transform the non-linear problem into a linear one. The effectiveness of our approach is verified using commodity WiFi infrastructures. The experimental results show our method achieves a median error of 0.87 m in actual indoor environment.
Keywords
Indoor localization, WiFi, channel state information, fresnel phase difference, reflection path length.
Cite This Article
Tian, Z., Yang, W., Jin, Y., Xie, L., Huang, Z., et al (2020). MFPL: Multi-Frequency Phase Difference Combination Based Device-Free Localization. CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, 62(2), 861–876.