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Comparison of Scenarios with and without Bridges and Analysis of Backwater Effect in 1-D and 2-D River Flood Modeling

P. Costabile1, F. Macchione1, L. Natale2, G. Petaccia2
LAMPIT, Laboratorio di Modellistica Numerica per la Protezione Idraulica del Territorio, Department of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, University of Calabria, Italy
Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture, University of Pavia, Italy

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2015, 109-110(2), 81-103. https://doi.org/10.3970/cmes.2015.109.081

Abstract

In this paper the impact induced by bridges on the river flow is studied applying 1-D and 2-D unsteady flow models. Both the models are based on the Shallow Water Equations written in conservative form and solved with first order upwind schemes. In particular, the effect of bridges on the flow behavior simulated by the models is discussed from a practical point of view, with reference to the longitudinal and cross-section water surface profiles. Two cases characterized by bridges perpendicular to the principle flow direction are presented. The bridges are located in almost rectilinear river reaches whose cross-sections are confined by vertical artificial walls. Therefore, these cases represent typical situations for which 1-D approaches should be recommended. However, analysis of such results highlights two-dimensional features of the river flow that might influence the flood hazard assessment.

Keywords

Bridges, flood propagation, shallow water equations, 1-D, 2-D.

Cite This Article

Costabile, P., Macchione, F., Natale, L., Petaccia, G. (2015). Comparison of Scenarios with and without Bridges and Analysis of Backwater Effect in 1-D and 2-D River Flood Modeling. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 109-110(2), 81–103.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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