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The Behavior of Rectangular and Circular Reinforced Concrete Columns Under Biaxial Multiple Excitation

Mohammad Reza Salami1,*, Ebrahim Afsar Dizaj2, Mohammad Mehdi Kashani3

School of Engineering and the Built Environment, Birmingham City University, Birmingham, UK.
Department of Civil Engineering, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran.
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.

*Corresponding Author: Mohammad Reza Salami. Email: .

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advances in OpenSees Applications to Civil Engineering)

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2019, 120(3), 677-691.


The aim of this study is to investigate the dynamic performance of rectangular and circular reinforced concrete (RC) columns considering biaxial multiple excitations. For this purpose, an advanced nonlinear finite element model which can simulate various features of cyclic degradation in material and structural components is used. The implemented nonlinear fiber beam-column model accounts for inelastic buckling and low-cycle fatigue degradation of longitudinal reinforcement and can simulate multiple failure modes of RC columns under dynamic loading. Hypothetical rectangular and circular columns are used to investigate the failure modes of RC columns. A detailed ground motion selection is implemented to generate real mainshock and aftershocks. It was found that multiple excitations due to aftershock has the potential of increasing the damage of the RC columns and longitudinal reinforcements are significantly affected low-cycle fatigue. Also, it was found that rectangular column is more sensitive to accumulative damage due to cyclic fatigue. This study increases the accuracy of structural analysis of RC columns and consequently improves understanding the failure modes of RC columns with different cross-sectional shapes.


Cite This Article

Salami, M. R., Dizaj, E. A., Kashani, M. M. (2019). The Behavior of Rectangular and Circular Reinforced Concrete Columns Under Biaxial Multiple Excitation. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 120(3), 677–691.


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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